Chinese Dance. by Cao Shumei. The History of Chinese Dance
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Chinese dance, as a comprehensive art form, is an important part of the ancient Chinese term "Yue" which includes several elements such as poems, songs, dances and music. Chinese dance has its own unique vocabulary, meanings, and ordered structure that enable a dancer to fully express his thoughts and feelings with ease and grace.
The earliest forms of dance grew out of religious rituals—including exorcism dances performed by shaman and drunken masked dances—and courtship festivals and developed into a forms of entertainment patronized by the court.
After a period of time, dance was regarded as kind of physical exercise that help harmonize the body and the mind. It was incorporated into Confucian rituals and military exercises
By the A.D. 6th century pantomime dances were being performed in dynastic courts. Regarded as the precursors of Chinese theater, they blended stories, songs and dances. The performers wore masks or painted their faces.
In the Tang Dynasty dances and music styles from outside of China were incorporated into Chinese dance and Chinese styles were passed onto other parts of the world, particularly Korea and Japan. Hundreds of young men and women were trained in dance and music at a school called the Academy of the Pear Garden. Tang poets wrote of “the dance of the rainbow skirt and feathered jacket” and described how dancer used their long silk sleeves to accentuate their hand movements. This kind of sleeve dancing was also depicted in Buddhist cave art from this period.
After the Tang dynasty the custom of foot binding began to take root. This was a severe blow for women dancers. It is difficult to walk, let alone dance with bound feet. Dances performed in dance theater and Confucian ritual were the preserve of males. Most of the dances in Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties were associated with theaters.
Through further development in the Feudal society, especially after the Han Dynasty, the dance culture reached its peak in the Tang Dynasty. After the Song Dynasty, it entered a transformation period as a result of the changes in the entire art field
Chinese dance possesses numerous types. We have 56 nationalities. Each nationality, each region and each type of dance carry its own folk dance forms with unique features and flavors.
Folk dance costumes are simple casual everyday clothes. A plain shirt and pants that go below the knee is quite typical for some tribes. However, for some of the tribes who reside in colder regions, such as Inner Mongolia, the costumes are more heavy to fit the climate and may include a hat, extra long clothing, and heavy boots. Each tribe in China has its own unique style of clothing that are quite distinct. Their costumes speak volume about their culture and reflect their philosophy towards life, their livelihood (farmers, nomads etc.) and the environmentthey live in.
民间舞蹈: Folk dance
踏歌: Tage (beat time to a song with the feet; dancing accompanied by singing)
秧歌: Yangko dance
腰鼓舞: Waist drum dance
花鼓灯: Flower-drum lamp dance
狮子舞: Lion dance
龙舞: Dragon dance
花灯: Festive lantern dance
安代舞: Andai dance- The dance originated from Horqin Grassland (Inner Mongolia) in early years of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
热巴: Reba ance - Reba dance is a Tibetan local art that involves performance of Rap, singing, dancing, acrobatics and drama. In the old days, the dance used to be
performed by the strolling family troupes.
赛乃姆: Sainaimu (this dance is prevalent throughout Xinjiang)
扁担舞: Shoulder pole dance
芦笙舞: Lusheng dance (Lusheng is a kind of reed-pipe wind instrument of some Chinese ethnic groups)
阿细跳月: The Moonlight Dance of Axi (Chinese pinyin: Axi Tiao Yue) - popular in Lunan, Luxi, and Mile of the Yunnan Province, is a kind of mass dance among axi and
Sani people of the Yi nationality.
农乐舞: Farming dance
雅舞: Ritual dance
祭祀舞蹈: Sacrifice dance
剑舞: Sword dance
宫廷舞蹈: Court dance
" A Buddism godness Guanyin Bodhisattva" is the Chinese national cultural heritage of mankind
2005 Spring Festival Gala on China Disabled Art Troupe show a Buddism godness Guanyin Bodhisattva moved the whole china.
In this video, the Thousand-Hand Dance included 63 hearing impaired Chinese performers. They are totally deaf.
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