Backing (Clarification). Qualifier (Probability). Rebuttal (Reservation). Toulmin Model of Reasoning. Data (Evidence). Warrant (Reasoning). Claim (Conclusion). Backing : Immune systems protect from disease. Qualifier : Possibly.
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Qualifier: Beyond doubt.
Data: Police officers saw John leave a house carrying a VCR which was not his.
Warrant: Burglary means taking another’s property w/intent.
Rebuttal: Unless he can- not understand his actions.Burglary Argument
Claim: John is guilt of burglary.
Warrant: When citizens cannot afford a vital service, the government must assist them.Exercise C1
Claim: A national health care plan is vital.
Warrant: What benefits more people is what should be done [implied].Exercise C3
Claim: The canyon area ought to be developed.