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The Argumentative Essay. Introducing: Argument, the Counterclaim and Rebuttal. What is an Argumentative Essay?. The purpose of an argumentative essay is to persuade the reader to accept—or seriously consider--your opinion on a controversial issue

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the argumentative essay
The Argumentative Essay

Introducing: Argument, the Counterclaim and Rebuttal

what is an argumentative essay
What is an Argumentative Essay?

The purpose of an argumentative essay is to persuade the reader to accept—or seriously consider--your opinion on a controversial issue

Has three main parts: Claim/Argument/Thesis, Counter Claim, Rebuttal

consider your audience
Consider your Audience

Whom are you trying to reach?

What do they already know about your topic?

What is your relationship with your audience and how does it impact your word choice and tone?

claim argument thesis
CLAIM/Argument/Thesis

Your opinion or position on an issue

Must be supported with evidence

(quotes, facts, data)

Evidence must be explained

RACE paragraph = Claim

counter claim
COUNTER CLAIM

Consider the opposite side

Argues against your claim

Turn against your argument to challenge it

Then turn back to reaffirm your position

the opposing side
The Opposing Side

Ask these questions:

1. Who might disagree with my position? Why?

2. What reasons do people have for disagreeing with me?

3. What evidence would support an opposing argument?

counter claim1
Counter Claim

Key phrases to use:

One might object that...

It might seem that...

It's true that...

Admittedly...

Of course...

rebuttal arguing against opposition
REBUTTAL: arguing against opposition

Key Phrases to use:

but

yet

however

nonetheless

still

example
EXAMPLE

CLAIM: “More Americans are choosing low-carb diets because the media promotes low-carb diets as the new way to a skinnier body.”

COUNTER CLAIM: “Some Americans don't watch television commercials because they own a DVR or Tivo, but most Americans are exposed to other forms of advertisement in magazines, newspapers, and highway billboards.

be cautious
Be Cautious!

It is true that counter arguments enrich argumentative writing

However adding a weak counter claim or overdoing it cause worse results

in our papers 12
In our papers (12):

If my chosen theme was RELIGION, what would be a potential counter claim for my paper?

in our papers 10
In our papers (10):
  • If I am arguing that the use of archetypes WEAKENS the novel, what would my counter claim be like?