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Targeting children’s social grants in South Africa: Does the ‘means’ justify the end? ____________________________. Anti-poverty programmes and children’s development: A Mexican – South African dialogue SARPN Workshop – 26 May 2005 By S Rosa, A Leatt & K Hall Children’s Institute
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Anti-poverty programmes and children’s development:
A Mexican – South African dialogue
SARPN Workshop – 26 May 2005
By S Rosa, A Leatt & K Hall
University of Cape Town
David Coady of the International Food Policy Research Institute and Margaret Grosh of the World Bank recently completed a 122 programme and 48 country study of different means testing mechanisms and their implications. (Coady et al: 2003) They outline three broad categories of targeting mechanisms:
The CSG is thus targeted via two types of targeting mechanisms:
2. Supply side support
3. Poverty targeting
4. Evaluation results:
4. Evaluation results cont:
1. Problems with proof of income/ lack of verification:
2. Income thresholds have not changed since 1998:
3. Household size
4. Administrative costs of Department of Social development
Usual time Means test only
W Cape E Cape W Cape E Cape
Screening officer 10.2 6.7
1st attesting officer 19.2 11.7
2nd attesting officer 13.3 8.8
Assessment clerk 10.2 6.2
Data capturer 10.0 7
Verifying officer 8.5 4.8
Screening officer 3.0 1.5
Attesting officer 5.8 2
Verifying officer 4.7 1.4
Data capturer 3.7 2
Approval officer 3.6 2.1
STANDARD TOTAL 71.4 20.9 45.2 9.0
5. Burden of time and costs imposed by means test on applicants
2. As a targeting mechanism?
It is argued therefore, that CCTs are not appropriate for SA at this point in time, but perhaps in future when departments responsible for various poverty alleviation programmes are working in a more integrated manner, and poverty alleviation programmes are all in fact being implemented effectively.
3. Finally, the most sensible alternative would be to make the CSG universal by giving it to all children under the age of 18 - as a first phase of a Basic Income Grant - and reclaim the money from the better-off households through the tax system. (Financing Report on BIG)