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BAQ 2006 13–15 Dec 06, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Singapore’s Experience in Managing a Sustainable, Integrated Transport System. Loh Chow Kuang Deputy Director, LTA Academy Land Transport Authority, Singapore Website: www.lta.gov.sg Email: chow_kuang_loh@lta.gov.sg. Overview.

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singapore s experience in managing a sustainable integrated transport system

BAQ 2006

13–15 Dec 06, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Singapore’s Experience in Managing a Sustainable, Integrated Transport System

Loh Chow Kuang

Deputy Director, LTA Academy

Land Transport Authority, Singapore

Website: www.lta.gov.sg Email: chow_kuang_loh@lta.gov.sg

overview

Overview

Key Challenges

Current Achievements

Integrated Approach

Sustainable Strategies

New Initiatives

Conclusion

singapore

23 km

42 km

  • Labour Force - 2.37 mil
  • Per Capital GDP- $44,666

(~US$28,000)

SINGAPORE
  • Land Area - 699 km2
  • Population - 4.4 mil
  • Pop Density - 6222/ km2
slide4

Growing Travel Demand

Million

109

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

8.4m/day

4.4m

2.7m/day

2.4m

0.75m

0.37m

2005

1980

Vehicle

Population

Trips

singapore today
Singapore Today

A First World City – Vibrant, Efficient, Safe, Clean, Green and Liveable

slide7

Car Population - 438,000

(58%)

Efficient Road System

Road Network - 3,200 km

Expressway Network - 150 km

Vehicle Population - 755,000

Cars/1000 residents - 117

smooth flowing roads 95 of expressways and major arterial roads during peaks are congestion free

Average speed within city centre during AM Peak

Source: World Cities Research, 2005

Smooth Flowing Roads> 95% of expressways and major arterial roads during peaks are congestion-free
efficient and affordable public transport
Efficient and Affordable Public Transport

>85% journeys on mass public transport

take < 45 min during the A.M. Peak

More than 90% of journeys completed within an hour

85% of journeys completed in <45min

slide11

$/trip

Affordable Public Transport Fares- Without Direct Operating Subsidies

  • Bus/Train Fares among the lowest in the world
high pt mode share

42%

58%

High PT Mode Share

AM Peak

Whole Day

37%

63%

Public Transport: Bus, MRT, Taxi, Co Bus

Source: HIS 2004

Private Transport: Cars, Motorcycle

clean environment

88% (320 days)

Good

Clean Environment

Pollutant Standard Index

(PSI)

In 2005

12% (45 days)

Moderate

0%

Unhealthy

slide14

Optimise Road Network

Sustainable, Integrated Approach

  • Landuse
  • Long-term Urban Planning, Integration of Developments

Transport

Integrated Landuse/Transport Planning

Vehicle Ownership Restraint

Develop/Expand Rapid Transit

Improve Bus Services

Vehicle Usage Restraint

Promote Public Transport

Traffic Management/ITS

Integrate Bus/Rail Network & Ticketing

Enhance Safety & Accessibility

Enhance Commuter Accessibility

Judiciously Expand Road Network

Conducive Financing and Industry Framework

  • Environment
  • Emission Standards, Cleaner Fuels, Enforcement,
  • Green Vehicles, Education
transport management framework

(LTA)

Transport Management Framework

Ministry of Transport

4 Statutory Boards

Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS)

Public Transport Council

(PTC)

Maritime & Port Authority (MPA)

Overall sea transport management

Overall land transport planning, development & management

- LTA Act

- Rapid Transit Sys Act

- Street Works Act

- Road Traffic Act

Overall air transport management

Regulates bus, ticket payment services and public transport fares

-Public Transport Council Act

slide16

(LTA)

Policy

One-Stop National Agency that:

  • Formulates policies and strategies;
  • Plans road & rapid transit networks to meet future travel demand;
  • Develops road & rail infrastructure and manages the design & construction of projects;
  • Manages traffic and maintains road structures & facilities; and
  • Regulates public transport services and vehicles.

~ 3500 staff (incl 1200 professionals)

Planning

Development

Management

Road

Rail

Vehicle

Bus

Taxi

holistic management

Ministry of National Development

Ministry of Environment and Water Resources

- Overall urban planning

Housing and Development Board

- Overall environment protection and public health management

- Develop public housing

Others

Jurong Town Corp

National Parks Board

Singapore Land Authority

Landuse

Transport

Environment

Holistic Management

Ministry of Transport

(LTA)

- Overall land transport planning, development & management

Public Transport Council (PTC)

- Regulate bus and ticketing services, and public transport fares

public transport centric development
Public Transport-Centric Development
  • Centralisation – Denser, Higher
  • Reduce car dependency
  • Favour public transport
  • Decentralisation – Closer to home
  • Reduce the need to travel
  • Facilitate peak spreading
  • Integration - Intensification
  • along rail corridors
  • One-stop convenience
  • Seamless journey
high density high rise residential towns
High-density/High-rise Residential Towns

Major Town

CBD

  • No of major towns - 25

High-density

housing

  • % of population - 85%
  • Dwelling units/town - 20,000-70,000
computer transport modelling
Computer Transport Modelling
  • Provides travel demand forecasts and traffic simulation for infrastructure planning, policy studies and traffic management schemes
slide24

Seamless Integration

– Dhoby Ghaut Interchange

slide26

Public Transport Policy Framework

  • Infrastructural & train capital costs borne by Government
  • No operating subsidies given
  • Bus operators enjoy certain tax concessions
  • Operators are self-sustaining/profitable
  • Bus operators given territorial monopolies in return for their Universal Service Obligation (USO)
  • Bus/train fares regulated (by Public Transport Council)
  • Service standards of bus/train/taxi operators are regulated
  • Taxi industry has been liberalised (fares & new entrants)
evaluation of infrastructure investments
Evaluation of Infrastructure Investments

2 Criteria :

Economic Viability

Benefits  Costs

Financial Viability

Operating Revenue  Operating Costs

new rail transit lines
New Rail Transit Lines
  • Currently > 40 km of rail lines are under construction
public transport improvements
Public Transport Improvements
  • Stringent Quality of Service standards with regulate audits
  • Integrated smartcard ticketing system
  • Bus priority schemes (bus lanes, etc)
  • Promote innovation and competition
  • Develop lifestyle hubs at MRT stations
public transport improvements cont
Public Transport Improvements (Cont)
  • Air-conditioned bus interchanges
  • Covered linkways for commuters
  • Low-floor/Wheelchair accessible buses
  • Express/innovative bus services
  • PT Security systems
  • Advanced telematics
managing demand for road usage

Vehicle

Ownership

Control

Managing Demand for Road Usage

Road Usage

Restraint

High Upfront Cost

Recurrent Usage Cost

- Custom Duty (20%)

- Additional Registration Fee

(110%)

- COE Premium

  • Road Pricing
  • Petrol Duty
slide33

Ownership Control - Vehicle Quota System

  • Implemented in 1990 to regulate vehicle population
  • Cap annual vehicle growth rate to < 3% (vs about 7% prior to implementation)
  • Certificate of Entitlement (COE) for all vehicle purchases - valid for 10 years (8 years for taxis)
  • Open e-biding (twice a month), 5 vehicle categories
innovative part time car schemes
Weekend/Off-peak Car Scheme

Introduced in May 1991/1994 to allow more people to own cars at a lower cost without contributing to traffic congestion.

Owners enjoy up-front tax rebates of up to $17,000 and a discount of $800 on annual road tax (min $50).

Free use on Sundays and Public Holidays, 7.00 pm to 7.00 am on weekdays; and from 3.00 pm on Saturdays and the eve of Public Holidays.

$20 day licence required outside the above periods.

Car Sharing Scheme

Individual/Corporate membership

3 private operators

> 50 points in housing estates, CBD, etc

Intelligent car access system

Time and distance-based charges

Innovative ‘Part-time’ Car Schemes

Red No Plate

Weekend/Off-peak Car

more on erp in singapore
More on ERP in Singapore

SW30: Congestion Charging & Road Pricing

on 15 Dec 06

at 1300-1500 h

at Bromo 2

slide40

Optimise Road Network

  • Maximise capacity by leveraging on technology
  • Computerised traffic signal system (GLIDE)
  • ITS incident management and real-time traffic information (EMAS, J-eye, Traffic Scan)
  • Judiciously expand road network to meet constrained demand
  • 8% increase in lane-km over last 10 years vs 17% vehicle growth
  • Additional 138 lane-km by 2010 (new expressway/roads, road extension and widening)
enhancing pedestrian accessibility
Enhancing Pedestrian Accessibility
  • Implement barrier-free accessibility for road and road-related facilities
  • Extend provision of commuter facilities
    • Pedestrian overhead bridges, pedestrian crossings, covered linkways
  • Pedestrianisation of streets
sharing with the world
Sharing with the World

Delegates from some 50 countries worldwide have visited LTA

> 70 delegations visited LTA in 2005

sharing with the world46
Sharing with the World
  • A dedicated Division of Land Transport Authority (LTA)
  • A one-stop focal point for governments, organisations and professionals around the world to:
    • tap Singapore’s know-how and
    • exchange best practices in land transport management and development
  • Key training areas:
    • Policy and Planning
    • Public Transport Management
    • Traffic and Road Management
    • Rail Transit Development & Systems
    • Vehicle Licensing and Standards
    • Delivered by Senior LTA Staff who are the Domain Experts

www.LTAacademy.gov.sg

Best Practices Exhibit

Booth 47

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Holistic and visionary approach to urban development, transport and environment management
  • Long-term planning for sustainability
  • Public transport-centric and Integrated developments
  • Integration of landuse and transport planning
  • Prudent policies that promote public transport (esp rail), demand management and environmental sustainability
  • Innovative strategies & effective implementation