Progress Report on ASEAN - Japan Maritime Transport Security Program Speaker:Takeshi SUZUKI Port Security Inspector, General Affairs Division, Ports and Harbors Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure Transport and Tourism (MLIT) Economy:JAPAN
Background Why international cooperation is important? The weak points of SOLAS/ISPS Where no external audit scheme exists for security measures, and unless every country implements and maintains effective security measures at their ports and on their ships, our trade network will not remain secure. Necessity of cooperation Urge and assist every Contracting Government to implement SOLAS/ISPS effectively and continuously by establishing a PDCA cycle in each country. Country B PFSO Country A Country F SSO Country C Check Trade partners may be in danger if one port does not implement effective security measures Check Country D Check Check Country E Factory PFSO
Ministerial Conference on International Transport Security Date: January 12-13, 2006 Place: Tokyo Sponsor: Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Japan Attending countries(15) and organizations(3): Australia, Canada, China, France, Germany, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Russian Federation, Singapore, United Kingdom, United States of America, EC, ICAO, IMO, WCO Approximate number of attendance: 220 (50 from Japan and 170 from other countries) http://www.mlit.go.jp/sogoseisaku/kokusai_e/minister_e.html
Ministerial Conference on International Transport Security Ministerial Statement on Security in International Maritime Transport Sector Resolve to continue, in cooperation with IMO and other appropriate fora, to provide necessary assistance and support to Contracting Governments to the 1974 SOLAS Convention in enhancing their ability and capacity to implement appropriate security measures at their port facilities through further international and regional efforts
Capacity Building efforts and initiatives on Maritime Security approaches to assist Capacity Building efforts Global approach Strong but difficult and time-consuming in establishing universal framework. Bilateral approach Quick but need lots of resources. Possible overlaps with other donors. Regional approach - If facing common issues, can learn from each other & streamline efforts. Further efforts on capacity building are required. However, overlaps or even conflicts between various bilateral & regional efforts need to be minimized. Also such efforts should be coordinated and appropriately targeted. Japan’s regional approach through ASEAN/Japan & APEC
ASEAN-Japan Transport Partnership Projects Currently, 21 projects are in progress, and among them, 7 projects are maritime & port projects • AJMT-1 ASEAN-Japan Seafarers Policy Cooperation • AJMT-2 ASEAN-Japan Maritime Transport Security Program • AJMT-3 ASEAN-Japan Cruise Promotion Project • AJMT-4 ASEAN-Japan High-Speed Maritime Network • AJMT-5 ASEAN “Mega-Float” Promotion Project • AJMT-6 ASEAN-Japan Port Technology Joint Research Project • AJMT-7 ASEAN-Japan Cooperation on Coast Guard Development
ASEAN/Japan Maritime Transport Security Program (AJMT-2) A/J 1st Seminar on Maritime Security and Combating Piracy (2003.12) Seminar in Indonesia (2004.3) A/J Seminar in Cambodia (2004.5) A/J WS in Philippines (2004.4) A/J WS in Vietnam (2004.6) A/J Seminar in Myanmar (2004.5) 1st stage: How to comply with SOLAS 2004.7- SOLAS/ISPS entered into force 2nd stage: How effectively & continuously implement SOLAS A/J 2nd Seminar on Maritime Security and Combating Piracy (2005.3) 2005.10 JICA Training Course on Port Facility Security A/J Seminar/WS in Thailand (2005.7) APEC WS in Vietnam (2005.12) JICA/APEC Seminar in Indonesia (2005.12) WS in Myanmar (2005.11) A/J Seminar in Cambodia (2006.4) APEC Seminar in Malaysia (2006.6) 2005.10 A/J Port Security Policy Dialogue 3rd stage: How to check & upgrade security measures 2007.2 A/J Regional Action Plan on Port Security (RAPPS) Accepted Development of “manuals on port security measures” and implementation of “Joint Exercise (JE)” through discussion in ‘A/J Port Security Experts Meeting (PSEM)’ 1st PSEM in Bangkok (2006.4) 2nd PSEM in Yokohama (2006.10) A/J JE (2007.2) 3rd PSEM in Jakarta (2007.3) 4th PSEM in Fukuoka (2007.9) A/J JE (2008.1, 2008.11) 5th PSEM in Kuala Lumpur (2008.3) 6th PSEM in Nagoya (2009.2 proposed)
Roadmap for ASEAN-Japan RAPPS A/J Transport Policy WS Jun, Miyazaki A/J Maritime Transport WG Vietnam A/J STOM & ATM Feb, Bangkok Time limit to submit PFSP info to IMO Jul 09 Submit Accept PLAN, DO ACTION CHECK Submit PSEM1 PSEM2 PSEM3 PSEM4 PSEM6 PSEM7 PSEM5 Preparation for RAPPS 1) Finalize PFSA & PFSP 2) Finalize Technical Guideline 3) Follow up JCE 1) Discuss draft PFSA & PFSP manuals 2) Discuss Technical Guideline 3) Discuss scenarios for JCE 1) Discuss DOS manual 2) Discuss Best Practice 1) Finalize DOS manual 2) Finalize Best Practice Book 3) Follow up JE 4) Revise RAPPS 1) Discuss Audit Program on Port Security 2) Follow up JE 1) Finalize Audit Program on port security 2) Follow up JE IAP ＋ Collective Actions Joint Exercise Joint Exercise Joint Exercise Joint Exercise Individual Action Plan Training course on Port Security Oct, 07 Yokohama Training course on Port Security Sep, 08 Training course on Port Security Oct, 09
Current Programs 9 • ASEAN/Japan Maritime Security Joint Exercise • JICA Training Course on Port Facility Security
The 6th ASEAN/Japan Maritime Security Joint Exercise (JE6) Overview • Scenario: International terrorist organization planted bombs in container cargos targeting Japan and ASEAN countries, and several incidents occur in Hai Phong port. • Overall Exercise Controller (OEC) provide information on the case to the participating countries. • Each country’s official gives information to the participating ports and relevant organizations. • Each port make necessary actions based on their PFSP, and share information with other participants such as change in Maritime Security Level. Result • DOS was exchanged among ports and vessel with higher security level. • Information on finding WMD (weapons of mass destruction) and suspicious ships was exchanged smoothly. • Several countries changed security level or strengthened security, and informed other countries. Evaluation • Largely succeeded in the exercise aim. • Contents requiring real-time judgment should be increased from the next exercise. Date: November 5, 2008 Place: Hai Phong port, Vietnam Organizers: MLIT (Japan) and VINAMARINE Participated countries & ports: 19 ports from 10 countries as shown in the next slide Aim: to enhance the port security of participation countries through efficient exchange and sharing of maritime security related information.
Exercise area Hai Phong Yangon Manila Bangkok Laem Chabang Sihanoukville Kota Kinabalu Sandakan Labuan Lahad Datu Muara Tawau Singapore Miri Sibu Kuching Tanjung Priok Nagoya Yokkaichi Participating 19ports from 10 countries
Scenes from the Joint Exercise Exercise Controlling Field exercise Evaluation meeting DOS exchange
JICA Training Course on Port Facility Security Invited Countries Mainly ASEAN Curriculum (1) Basic knowledge Basic knowledge on ISPS, security regime and initiative under IMO and major countries including Japan, security threat and terrorist activity. (2) Table-top exercise Table-top exercise by role-playing the key players on port security. (The latest course used the APEC Drills and Exercise Manual) (3) Site visit Site visit to various types of port facilities for example at Yokohama and Nagoya ports. (4) Application Interactive exercises on PFSA, PFSP and Audits.
Future plan Being aware of the importance of further regional cooperation for capacity building, Japan will continue to make efforts for enhancing maritime security in this region in cooperation with the other relevant countries.