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NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR KHARIF CAMPAIGN 2005. AGRICULTURE IN ASSAM : 2005-06. Presented by –. Shri M. U. Ahmed, IAS Director of Agriculture, Assam. BACKGROUND OF AGRICULTURE IN ASSAM
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AGRICULTURE IN ASSAM : 2005-06
Presented by –
Shri M. U. Ahmed, IAS
Director of Agriculture, Assam.
III-CSS 2004-2005 & UTILIZATIONS
In order to meet the constraint in Agriculture sector, the Govt. of Assam has adopted STATE AGRICULTURE POLICY 2004 in consonance with NATIONAL AGRICULTURE POLICY. The identified thrust areas of the State for 2005-06 are as under -
The Assam Agricultural Produce Market (Amendment) Bill 2004 was prepared to amend the Assam Agricultural Produce Market Act, 1972, with a provision of contract farming system and Private Market yard etc. as per Model Act of GOI. The bill is with Legislative Department for vetting. Their views are awaited.
Once vetted, the Bill (Amended) will be placed in the Assam Legislative Assembly.
READINESS TO IMPLEMENT NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION, MICRO IRRIGATION, DRY LAND AGRICULTURE AND ATMA RELATED EXISTING PROGRAMME
i. NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION - The Government of Assam is implementing Centrally Sponsored Scheme Technology Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture since 2001-02.
The status of implementation is as under -(Rs. in lakh)
ii. MICRO IRRIGATION - Implementation of On Farm Water Management scheme was slow over the years due to different subsidy pattern to that of state schemes. But during the current year onwards the subsidy pattern is made similar to that of GOI’s scheme i.e. 50:30:20.
iii. DRY LAND AGRICULTURE - National Watershed Development Programme for Rain Fed Areas (NWDPRA) are in implementation under restructured guidelines in the current Tenth Plan period. The Government has identified 203 projects, each covering 500 ha. At present 23 projects are in implementation due to inadequate fund. Adequate fund is required for implementation of all the projects.
The State Govt., under World Bank Assisted project, has started implementation of ATMA model in order to reform Agricultural Extension system. Under the W.B. project, 11 districts are identified and for the balance 16 districts, central assistance is required.
- During 2005-06, 2 districts have been brought under ATMA Model.
- During 2006-07, 5 more districts will be brought under ATMA Model.
- During 2007-08, remaining 4 districts will be brought under ATMA Model.
-Identified 35 nos. of Block Resource Centres of 2 ATMA districts.
- Altogether 123 Block Resource Centres will be established in 11 ATMA districts.
Rice is the major Kharif crop covering about 83 p.c. of total cultivated area.
Availability of land for Quarantine Station in the near by area of Guwahati Airport has been taken-up with the Deputy Commissioner ( Metro ), Kamrup. After finalization of land, the construction of building and installation of equipments will be done.
Assistance for setting up of Phytosanitation Centre in the State is required. At present the department issues Phytosanitation Certificate to the prospective exporter with eye estimation only. The exported items are black tea, orange, pineapple, ginger, lemon etc. and these are exported to Bangladesh.
The Government of Assam constituted a Committee in the year 2002 under the chairmanship of the Vice Chancellor, Assam Agricultural University to suggest a comprehensive Seed Production Plan for the important crops of Assam. The committee has submitted its report in May, 2003 with following major recommendations –