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Universal Access Policies ITU-WTO Workshop on Telecom & ICT Regulation Relating to WTO Obligations and Commitments 1-7 December 2004 WTO, Geneva Presented by Susan Schorr, Regulatory Officer, Regulatory Reform Unit Telecommunication Development Bureau ITU BDT Products on Universal Access
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Universal Access PoliciesITU-WTO Workshop on Telecom & ICT Regulation Relating to WTO Obligations and Commitments1-7 December 2004WTO, Geneva
Presented by Susan Schorr, Regulatory Officer, Regulatory Reform Unit Telecommunication Development Bureau
Trends in Telecommunication
Reform 2003: Promoting Universal Access to ICTS
GSR Universal Access Best Practice Regulatory Guidelines
ITU-D Study Group Question 7-1/1
Universal Service: policies focused on providing individual household connections to public telecommunication network.
Universal Access:policies focused on ensuring that all people have reasonable means to access a publicly available telephone in their community (but not necessarily in their home) through shared use of lines or terminals including public payphones, community telecentres, teleboutiques or community Internet access centres
Universality: term used by some to refer to both universal service and universal access
All share same goal
Single Line Voice grade service
Access to enhanced emergency services, operator services, and relay services; Equal access to long-distance; touchtone
Access to data; minimum role of data speed on phone lines
Fully digital system end-to-end
Two-way broadband serviceThe Basic Access Continuum, From Voice to Broadband
e Basic Access Continuum, From Voice to Broadband
“The Market Efficiency Gap is the difference between what markets are actually achieving under current conditions and what they could achieve if regulatory barriers were removed and regulation were used to provide incentives.”
Source: ITU Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2003: Promoting Universal Access to ICTs, Practical Tools for Regulators
Available in Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2003
ITU BDT Regulatory Reform Unit