God The Trinity. The Godhead. Belief in the Existence of God. The belief that a divine being exists greater than man has been common to all cultures and civilizations. This has been due in part to the fact that man reasons there must be an explanation for our world and for human experience.
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This is sometimes called an a priori argument.
Involved in this argument is the complexity of an ordered universe which could not have come into existence by accident.
The fact that all things work together indicate that this designer must be one of infinite power and wisdom.
Involved in this is the fact that man has
intellect (mentality, capacity to think),
sensibility (emotion, capacity to feel),
will (volition, capacity to make moral choices).
they have not been sufficient to bring man into proper relationship to God or to produce a real faith in God unassisted by scriptural revelation.
God the Father
God the Son
God the Holy Spirit
“God with us,”
who was to be distinct from the Father and the Spirit.
“the mighty God, the everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace.”
"I will surely tell of the decree of the LORD: He said to me, `Thou art My Son, today I have begotten Thee.
appearances of the Son of God in the Old Testament as one sent by the Father,
and references to the Spirit of the Lord as the Holy Spirit distinct from the Father and the Son.
conceived by the Holy Spirit
and yet Son of God the Father.
with God the Father speaking from heaven,
the Holy Spirit descending like a dove
and Jesus Himself being baptized.
Jesus Christ is the unique person of the Godhead in that He is both God and Man
the order is never reversed
LORD [ hw`hy+Yahweh ]
God [ <yh!ýa$Elohim ]
The self-existent, eternal God
the “strong one”
being one to be feared or reverenced.
“master” or “lord”
1 John 4:8
1 Peter 1:16
1 John 1:5
God is good
God is merciful
God is sovereign
and on the other hand man operates with freedom of choice and is held responsible for his choices.
– a blind, mechanical control of all events –
but is an intelligent, loving, and wise plan in which man, responsible for his choices, is held accountable for what he does and rewarded for his good works.
Answer: This has been due in part to the fact that man reasons there must be an explanation for our world and for human experience, and that a being greater than man would serve to explain this. Man seems intuitively, by his very religious nature, to reach out to some sort of higher being. This also can be explained in part by the work of the Holy Spirit in the world which extends to every creature, a work which is designated in theology as common grace.
2. Why is atheism unreasonable?
Answer: Ordinary men do not ask for proofs of their own existence nor the existence of material things which they recognize by their senses. Although God is unseen as to His person, His existence is so evident that men generally require no proofs for the fact of God. Doubt of God’s existence is evidently due to man’s own perversity and blindness and to satanic influence.
Answer: The evidence for the existence of God in creation is so clear that rejection of it is the ground of condemnation of the heathen world which has not heard the Gospel. According to Romans 1:19-20, their condemnation is, “because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse.”
4. Define four systems of thought which attempt to explain the universe on the basis of a higher being.
(1) polytheism, the belief in many gods;
(2) hylozoism, that identifies the life principle found in all creation as being God Himself;
(3) materialism, which argues that matter is self-functioning according to natural law and no god is necessary to its functioning, a theory supporting modern evolutionism;
(4) pantheism which holds that God is impersonal and identical with nature itself, that God is immanent but not transcendent.
Answer: The ontological argument holds that God must exist because man universally believes that He exists.
6. What is the cosmological argument for the existence of God?
Answer: The cosmological argument holds that every effect must have its sufficient cause and, therefore, the universe, which is an effect, must have a Creator as its cause.
7. What is the teleological argument for the existence of God?
Answer: The teleological argument points out that every design must have its designer, and as the whole creation is intricately designed and interrelated, creation must have a great designer.
8. What is the anthropological agreement for the existence of God?
Answer: The anthropological argument argues from the nature and existence of man as being unexplained apart from creation by God who has a nature similar to but greater than man’s.
Answer: Both the Old Testament and to a greater extent the New Testament, however, also indicate that God exists as a Trinity God, the Father,
God, the Son,
God, the Holy Spirit.
10. To what extend does the Old Testament teach the doctrine of the Trinity?
Answer: Plural personal pronouns are used for God. Frequently in the Old Testament there are distinctions within the nature of God in terms of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. To these evidences may be added all the references to the Angel of Jehovah, which indicate the appearances of the Son of God in the Old Testament as one sent by the Father, and references to the Spirit of the Lord as the Holy Spirit distinct from the Father and the Son.
Answer: In the Person of Jesus Christ is God incarnate, conceived by the Holy Spirit and yet Son of God the Father. At the baptism of Jesus, the distinctions in the Trinity are evident with God, the Father speaking from heaven, the Holy Spirit descending like a dove and lighting upon Him, and Jesus Himself being baptized.
12. Distinguish the doctrine of the Trinity from tritheism.
Answer: The Trinity is best defined as holding that, while God is one, He exists as three persons.
Tritheism is a belief in three God's.
13. Why is the Trinity not to be explained as three modes of existence of God?
Answer: The Trinity must not be explained as three modes of existence, that is, one God manifesting Himself in three ways, because the Trinity is essential to the being of God and is more than a form of divine revelation.
Answer: The First Person of the Trinity is called the Father. The Second Person is called the Son and is sent forth by the Father. The Third Person is the Holy Spirit who is sent forth by the Father and the Son. This is called in theology the doctrine of procession.
15. State and define the three most important names for God in the Old Testament.
1) The first name, “Jehovah” of “Yahweh” is the name of God applied only to the true God.
2) The most common name for God in the Old Testament is elohim, a word which is used both for the true God and for gods of the heathen world.
3) The third name for God in the Old Testament is adonai, which commonly means “master” or “lord” and is used not only of God as our Master but also of men who are masters over their servants.
Jehovah-jireh, meaning “the Lord will provide”
Jehovah-rapha, “the Lord who healeth”
Jehovah-nissi, “the Lord my banner”
Jehovah-shalom, “the Lord our peace”
Jehovah-tsidkenu, “the Lord our righteousness”
Jehovah-shammah, “the Lord is present”
17. What are the distinguishing titles of the three persons of the Trinity in the New Testament?
First person – God, the Father
Second person – God, the Son
Third person – God, the Holy Spirit
Answer: God is a Spirit, God is life, God is self-existent, God is infinite, God is immutable or changeless, God is truth, God is love, God is eternal, God is holy, God is omnipresent God is omniscient, God is omnipotent
19. What is meant by the sovereignty of God?
Answer: God is supreme over all. He yields to no other power, authority or glory, and is not subject to any absolute greater than Himself.
20. What is meant by the decree of God?
Answer: The sovereign purpose of God is defined theologically as the decree of God, referring to the comprehensive plan that includes all events of every classification which will occur.
Answer: His decree to create, His decree to preserve the world, His decree of providence, or His wise guidance of the universe.
22. How can the decree of God be distinguished from fatalism?
Answer: The decree of God is not fatalism – a blind, mechanical control of all events – but is an intelligent, loving, and wise plan in which man, responsible for his choices, is held accountable for what he does and rewarded for his good works.
23. Why does the Biblical revelation of God demand our submission, love and adoration in relation to Him?
Answer: His decree includes the promises or covenants of God, the dispensations or outworkings of God’s purpose, and supremely His grace manifested toward man.