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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic. Reading Assignment: Chapter 4 in Digital Design, 3 rd Edition by Mano. BCD-to-7-segment decoder/driver This is a special type of decoder that is used to drive a 7-segment display. There are two types of 7-segment displays using LED’s:

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

Reading Assignment: Chapter 4 in Digital Design, 3rd Edition by Mano

BCD-to-7-segment decoder/driver

This is a special type of decoder that is used to drive a 7-segment display.

There are two types of 7-segment displays using LED’s:

1) common anode (all anodes at +5V)

2) common cathode (all cathodes at ground)

If a common-cathode display is used (as shown below) and if the decoder outputs a HIGH on output a, then segment a will be lit. Note that “current-limiting resistors” are required for each segment or else the segment may be destroyed due to excessive current. The 7448 is a commercially available BCD-to-7-segment decoder/driver with active-HIGH outputs so it is intended to drive a common-cathode display.

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

Similarly, a common-anode display requires a driver with active-LOW outputs, such as the 7447.

Develop a truth table for designing a BCD-to-7-segment decoder driver.

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

  • PSPICE Analysis of Digital Circuits
  • In EGR 271-272 PSPICE was used to analyze various types of circuits. Several methods of analysis were used, including:
  • Bias Point Analysis
  • DC Sweep
  • AC Sweep
  • Transient
  • Parametric
  • Analysis of logic circuits will only involve transient analysis - in order to generate timing diagrams to show outputs for various combinations of inputs.
  • Full version of PSPICE: One of the strengths of the full version of PSPICE is that it includes libraries for tens of thousands of components.
  • Evaluation version of PSPICE: The evaluation version contains a few hundred devices, most of which are 7400 series TTL devices. This is very useful for this course and allows students to analyze circuits using devices that are pin-for-pin compatible with those covered in the text and in lab.
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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

7400 Series parts found in the evaluation library (eval.slb):

7400 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nand Gates

7401 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nand Gates with Open-Collector Outputs

7402 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nor Gates

7403 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nand Gates with Open-Collector Outputs

7404 Hex Inverters

7405 Hex Inverters with Open-Collector Outputs

7406 Hex Inverter Buffers/Drivers with Open-Collector High-Voltage Outputs

7407 Hex Buffers/Drivers with Open-Collector High-Voltage Outputs

7408 Quadruple 2-input Positive-And Gates

7409 Quadruple 2-input Positive-And Gates with Open-Collector Outputs

7410 Triple 3-input Positive-Nand Gates

7411 Triple 3-input Positive-And Gates

7412 Triple 3-input Positive-Nand Gates with Open-Collector Outputs

7413 Dual 4-input Positive-Nand Schmitt Triggers

7414 Hex Schmitt-Trigger Inverters

7416 Hex Inverter Buffers/Drivers with Open-Collector High-Voltage Outputs

7417 Hex Buffers/Drivers with Open-Collector High-Voltage Outputs

7420 Dual 4-input Positive-Nand Gates

7422 Dual 4-input Positive-Nand Gates with Open-Collector Outputs

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

7400 Series parts found in the evaluation library (eval.slb):

7423 Dual 4-input Nor Gates with Strobe

7425 Dual 4-input Nor Gates with Strobe

7426 High-Voltage Interface Positive-Nand Gates

7427 Triple 3-input Positive-Nor Gates

7428 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nor Buffers

7430 8-input Positive-Nand Gates

7432 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Or Gates

7433 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nor Buffers w/ Open-Collector Outputs

7437 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nand Buffers

7438 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nand Buffers w/ Open-Collector Outputs

7439 Quadruple 2-input Positive Nand Buffers with Open-Collector Outputs

7440 Dual 4-input Positive-Nand Buffers

7442A DECODER BCD-DECIMAL 4-10 LINE

7443A DECODER EXCESS-3-DECIMAL 4-10 LINE

7444A DECODER GRAY-DECIMAL 4-10 LINE

7445 DECODER/DRIVER BCD-DECIMAL WITH OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUTS

7446A DECODER/DRIVER BCD-7 SEGMENT WITH OPEN-COLLECTOR OUTPUTS

7447A DECODER/DRIVER BCD-7 SEGMENT WITH OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUTS

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

7400 Series parts found in the evaluation library (eval.slb):

7448 DECODER/DRIVER BCD-7 SEGMENT WITH INTERNAL PULLUPS

7449 DECODER/DRIVER BCD-7 SEGMENT WITH OPEN-COLLECTOR OUTPUTS

7450 Dual 2-wide 2-input And-Or-Invert Gates

7451 And-Or-Invert Gates

7453 Expandable 4-wide And-Or-Invert Gates

7454 4-wide And-Or-Invert Gates

7460 Dual 4-input Expanders

7470 And-Gated J-K Positive-Edge-Triggered Flip-Flops with Preset & Clear

7472 And Gated J-K Master-Slave Flip-Flops with Preset and Clear

7473 Dual J-K Flip-Flops with Clear

7474 Dual D-Type Positive-Edge-Triggered Flip-Flops with Preset and Clear

7475 4-bit bistable latches (dual 2-bit common clock4-bit bistable latches )

7476 Dual J-K Flip-Flops with Preset and Clear

7477 4-bit bistable latches

7482 2-BIT BINARY FULL ADDERS

7483A 4-BIT BINARY FULL ADDERS WITH FAST CARRY

7485 4-BIT MAGNITUDE COMPARATOR

7486 Quadruple 2-input Exclusive-Or Gates

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

7400 Series parts found in the evaluation library (eval.slb):

7490A COUNTER DECADE 4-BIT, ASYNCHRONOUS

7491A 8-BIT SHIFT REGISTERS

7492A COUNTER DIVIDE-BY-12 4-BIT, ASYNCHRONOUS

7493A COUNTER BINARY 4-BIT, ASYNCHRONOUS

7494 4-BIT SHIFT REGISTERS

7495A 4-BIT PARALLEL SHIFT REGISTERS

7496 8-BIT PARALLEL-OUT SERIAL SHIFT REGISTERS

74100 8-Bit Bistable Latches

74107 Dual J-K Flip-Flops with Clear

74109 Dual J-KBar Positive-Edge-Triggered Flip-Flops w/ Preset & Clear

74110 And-Gated J-K Master-Slave Flip-Flops with Data Lockout

74111 Dual J-K Master-Slave Flip-Flops with Data Lockout

74121 Non-retriggerable Monostable Multivibrator w/Schmitt-Trigger Inputs

74122 Retriggerable Monostable Multivibrator

74123 Retriggerable Monostable Multivibrator

74125 Quadruple Bus Buffer with 3-state Outputs

74126 Quadruple Bus Buffer with 3-state Outputs

74128 Line Drivers

74132 Quadruple 2-input Positive-Nand Schmitt Triggers

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

7400 Series parts found in the evaluation library (eval.slb):

74136 Quadruple 2-input Exclusive-Or Gates with Open-Collector Outputs

74145 DECODER/DRIVER BCD-DECIMAL WITH OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUTS

74147 PRIORITY ENCODER 10-4 LINE

74148 PRIORITY ENCODER 8-3 LINE

74151A MULTIPLEXER/DATA SELECTOR 8-1 LINE

74151A MULTIPLEXER/DATA SELECTOR 8-1 LINE

74154 DECODER/DEMULTIPLEXER 4-16 LINE

74155 DECODER/DEMULTIPLEXER 2-4 LINE

74156 DECODER/DEMULTIPLEXER 2-4 LINE WITH OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUTS

74157 QUADRUPLE 2-LINE TO 1-LINE DATA SELECTORS/MULTIPLEXERS

74159 DECODER/DEMULTIPLEXER 4-16 LINE WITH OPEN COLLECTOR OUTPUTS

74160 Synchronous 4-bit Decade Counters with asynchronous clear

74161 Synchronous 4-bit Binary Counter with Direct Clear

74162 Synchronous 4-bit Decade Counters with synchronous clear

74163 Synchronous 4-bit Binary Counter

74164 8-BIT PARALLEL-OUT SERIAL SHIFT REGISTERS

74173 REGISTERS D-TYPE 4-BIT WITH 3-STATE OUTPUTS

74174 HEX D-TYPE FLIP-FLOPS WITH CLEAR

74175 QUADRUPLE D-TYPE FLIP-FLOPS WITH CLEAR

etc.

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T = 2ms

A

T = 8ms

B

T = 4ms

C

T = 2ms

Count (ABC): 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0

Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

New Parts: The following parts will be introduced:

1) DIGITAL CLOCK – located in the library named SOURCE.OLB

Note that the OFFTIME and the ONTIME can be set to produce a waveform with the desired period. For example, the Digital Clock below has a period of 2ms.

Similarly, three Digital Clocks could be used to generate waveforms A, B, and C representing the 8 possible input combinations. Since the period of the MSB is 8ms, a transient analysis of 8ms could be used to test circuit outputs for all 8 input combinations.

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

2) HI and LO inputs – located in the library named SOURCE.OLB

Note that a ground is not used in digital circuits and HI and LOW inputs must be produced using these inputs (5V and GROUND will not work).

3) 7400 Series TTL devices – located in the library named EVAL.OLB

The EVAL library contains a wide assortment of 7400 series devices. In general, they are pin-for-pin compatible with commercially available devices. For simple logic gates, such as the 7400 NAND, 7402 NOR, 7404 NOT, etc., single gates are inserted rather than an entire IC (a 7400 NAND contains 4 2-input NAND’s). More complex devices match the IC’s exactly. Some examples are shown below.

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Lecture #8 EGR 277 – Digital Logic

Demonstration: Use ORCAD to demonstrate how to implement a Boolean expression:

1) in SOP form using AND, OR, and NOT gates

2) using a 3x8 decoder