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Early On ® Michigan Part C of IDEA. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

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individuals with disabilities education act idea
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a United States federal law that governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services to children with disabilities.

  • Part C = birth to 3 years
  • Part B = 3 to 21 years
purpose of part c
Purpose of Part C
  • To enhance the development of infants and toddlers;
  • To reduce costs to our society;
  • To maximize the potential of individuals with disabilities;
  • To enhance the capacity of families…;
  • To enhance the capacity of states…
child family outcomes
Child & Family Outcomes

Child Outcomes:

% of infants/toddlers with IFSPs who demonstrate improved

a.) Positive social-emotional skills (including social relationships)

b.) Acquisition and use of knowledge/skills (including early language/communication)

c.) Use of appropriate behaviors to meet their needs

Family Outcomes:

% of families participating in Part C who report early intervention services have helped the family:

a.) Know their rights

b.) Effectively communicate child’s needs

c.) Help children develop and learn

what is early on
What is Early On?
  • A statewide system of early intervention services mandated by federal legislation (Part C of IDEA)
  • Designed to help families find the social, health and educational services that will promote the development of their infants and toddlers with special needs
what is early on6
What is Early On?
  • Based on partnerships between families and service providers and on collaboration among community agencies, organizations and private practitioners;
  • Emphasizes early identification and early services
structure of part c in michigan
Structure of Part C in Michigan

U.S. Congress IDEA

US Dept. of Education

Office of Special Education Programs

Michigan Interagency

Coordinating Council (MICC)

Michigan State Board of Education

  • Major Grantees:
  • Qualitative Compliance Information Project
  • Support to the Early On Field
  • MI Alliance for Families
  • The Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan

MI Dept. of

Community Health

MI Dept. of

Human Services

Michigan Department of Education

Office of Great Start

Mental Health

Public Health

Local Service Areas/ Intermediate School Districts (56)

Early On Coordinator

Local Interagency Coordinating Council (LICC)

early on services are
Early On Services Are:
  • Strengths-based
  • Family Centered
  • Based on parent/professionalpartnerships
  • Based on interagency collaboration
eligibility for early on services
Eligibility for Early On Services
  • Any infant or toddler with an established condition (i.e., a physical or mental condition likely to lead to a delay)
  • Developmental Delay

- Under 2 months of age: any delay

- 2 to 36 months of age:

20% in one or more areas

categories of established conditions
Categories of Established Conditions
  • Chromosomal Anomalies
  • Chronic Illnesses
  • Congenital Anomalies
  • Developmental Delay
  • Endocrine/Metabolic Disorders
  • Exposures Affecting Fetus
  • Hearing Deficiency
  • Infectious Conditions
  • Mental Health Conditions
  • Other Disorders/Diseases
  • Other Fetal/Placental Anomalies

Eligibility Reference Bulletin

developmental delay in one of more of the following categories
Developmental Delay in one of more of the following categories:
  • Physical (including hearing and vision)
  • Gross and Fine Motor Development
  • Communication Development
  • Cognitive Development
  • Social/Emotional Development
  • Adaptive (self-help)
services provided by early on
Services Provided by Early On
  • Assistive Technology Services
  • Audiology Services
  • Family Training, Counseling & Home Visits
  • Health Services
  • Medical Services
  • Nursing Services
  • Nutrition Services
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Signed/Cued Language Services
  • Speech Therapy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Psychological Services
  • Special Instruction
  • Social Work
  • Service Coordination
  • Special Instruction
  • Transportation
  • Vision Services
the early on process
The Early On Process
  • A referral is made because there is a suspicion that a child may be showing a delay or have an established condition;
  • Contact is made with the family;
  • An interview with the family regarding their concerns, priorities and daily routines;
  • A multi-disciplinary developmental evaluation occurs.
the early on process14
The Early On Process

Eligibility is based on an established condition or an evaluation to determine if there is a 20% or greater developmental delay.

A multi-disciplinary evaluation includes:

  • Use of an evaluation instrument
  • Developmental history
  • Identifying the child’s present level of functioning
  • Gathering information from other sources
  • Medical history, including results of a hearing & vision screening
  • Informed clinical opinion may be used independently
the early on process15
The Early On Process
  • An Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) meeting takes place with the family. The IFSP meeting will include:
    • Results of the evaluation
    • Statements of the family’s resources, priorities and concerns
    • Measurable outcomes
    • Supports needed by the family
    • Early intervention services provided in the child’s natural environment and embedded in their daily routines
six month review
Six-Month Review
  • Every six months, or sooner, the IFSP outcomes must be evaluated:
    • Has the outcome been met?
    • Does the outcome need to be changed?
    • Has there been progress made toward achieving the outcome?
    • Are new strategies needed?
    • Do services need to be more intense, less intense or stay the same?
annual ifsp
Annual IFSP
  • At least every 12 months a new IFSP is developed:
    • What is the child’s current level of development?
    • Are new outcomes needed?
    • Are new services to support the

outcomes needed?

    • Have there been changes in the family?
    • Are there new concerns?
  • Up to nine months but no later than ninety days before a child turns three years of age a transition planning meeting is held.
  • A Transition plan with steps and services is written. For those children also eligible for Special Education, a Transition conference must also be held.
  • The child successfully transitions to special education or to other community services.
clinton county resa early on training technical assistance
Clinton County RESAEarly On Training & Technical Assistance

13109 Schavey Rd., Suite 4

DeWitt, MI 48820

(866) 334-5437


This presentation was produced and distributed through an IDEA Mandated Activities Project for CCRESA EOT&TA, awarded by the Michigan Department of Education. Permission to reproduce granted.