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Developing & Implementing Master Bike & Pedestrian Plans. Heleen Dewey Spokane Regional Health District March 2010. Objective. Involve transportation, planning and public health in the development of master bike and pedestrian plans. Public Health & Planning. A story. About Spokane.

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developing implementing master bike pedestrian plans

Developing & ImplementingMaster Bike & Pedestrian Plans

Heleen Dewey

Spokane Regional Health District

March 2010

  • Involve transportation, planning and public health in the development of master bike and pedestrian plans
about spokane1
About Spokane
  • 2008 Spokane County population 459,000 (estimate)
  • City of Spokane largest jurisdiction at 204,400

Our health and activity level?

  • 60% of County residents overweight or obese
  • Fewer than half of all adults and children get recommended levels of physical activity
2006 non motorized transportation study
2006 Non-Motorized Transportation Study
  • Average commute is a half-mile for walkers and 1½ for bikers
  • 1% of trips by bike (2% nationally)
  • 9% of trips by walking (same as nation)
  • 42% of children are driven

[1] Nonmortorized Transportation Pilot Program Evaluation Study. University of Minnesota. 2007. Communities surveyed: Marin County, CA; Minneapolis, MN, Sheboygan, WI, Columbia, MO, and Spokane, WA

how spokane got started
How Spokane got started…
  • 2004 -$3500 annual grant for 5-years from WSDOT/WSDOH in cooperation with CDC
  • Co-facilitated by Spokane Regional Health District and City of Spokane
  • Task Force made up of professionals, advocates, and agency representatives
  • Facilitated a series of events/workshops
  • Educated elected officials
active living symposium
Active Living Symposium
  • Education on connecting public health and planning specific to our community


  • City of Spokane Plan Commission reviews Comprehensive Plan for healthy community policies
  • Illustrated then Councilwoman Verner’s 2007 Quality of Life resolution
connecting the city
Connecting the City
  • Generate ideas and support to develop a stronger non-motorized plan within the City of Spokane
  • Identify priority projects and effective policy/regulatory intervention
  • Existing plan not implemented and needed updating
  • Lack of clarity in non-motorized transportation planning (funding, RTPO involvement, priorities)
  • More communication/collaboration among different user groups
outcome of workshop
Outcome of Workshop
  • Enforce development standards
  • Bike/Pedestrian coordinator
  • Impact fees
  • Bike boulevards
  • Stripe streets
  • Route across river
  • Sidewalks
  • Fill gaps
  • Need pedestrian plans
spokane regional pedestrian plan
Spokane Regional Pedestrian Plan
  • 3-year DOH Preventative Health Block Grant
  • Focus to incorporate physical activity policies into community pedestrian planning documents
    • First year Regional; Guidance document provided by Spokane Regional Transportation Council.
    • City of Spokane planning
    • Smaller jurisdictions in the county
    • Complete Streets education
pedestrian plan process
Pedestrian Plan - Process
  • Included a community process with multiple agencies
  • Analyzed current data
  • Surveyed residents
  • Surveyed planners/engineers in jurisdictions
  • Draft plan in a team approach
residents survey
Residents Survey

Barriers to pedestrian travel:

  • Lack of crosswalks
  • No sidewalks, sidewalks in disrepair, gaps and snow removal needed
  • Lack of lighting
  • Poor driver behaviors
  • School issues, too much traffic near schools and moving too fast thru neighborhoods
planner engineer survey
Planner Engineer Survey

Barriers to implementing pedestrian facilities:

  • Inadequate funding
  • Lack of staffing and training
  • Lack of pedestrian inventory/network
  • Lack of understanding of health & economic benefits of walking
  • Consideration for disabled users
goal 1 support all levels of pedestrian travel by developing plans projects and programs
GOAL 1: Support all levels of pedestrian travel by developing plans, projects, and programs
GOAL 2: Design & implement changes in the infrastructure to increase pedestrian safety and connectivity

GOAL 3: Support the planning, funding, & public knowledge of integrated networks of paved pedestrian paths that serve as an alternative to roadways & facilitate non-motorized travel to and through neighborhoods, shopping, parks, schools, & transit accessible areas.

goal 5 support all pedestrian travel to improve physical health slow obesity chronic disease
GOAL 5: Support all pedestrian travel to improve physical health & slow obesity & chronic disease
other key public health recommendations
Other key public health recommendations
  • Regionally significant project list
  • Complete street policies
  • Functional trail connections
  • Support transit use & linkages to transit
  • Understanding each other’s goals, needs, strengths
  • Clearinghouse
  • Quiet catalyst – could seed the project, didn’t have to own it
  • Capacity – education, outreach, new Ideas
  • Unintentional succession plan
  • Timing – health, smart growth, gas prices, sustainability, economics/market demands, political climate, grassroots
  • Another face for funding requests
  • Rediscover the connections between planning and public health
next steps
Next steps…
  • Quiet Catalyst - partnerships
    • YMCA Pioneering Healthier Communities
    • SmartRoutes 2010
    • Lands Council
  • Complete streets resolution – Board of Health
  • Active Technical Transportation Committee
  • Health impact assessment training
  • Active Living Leadership
  • Elected officials

Heleen Dewey

Physical Activity & Nutrition Program