Community Alcohol Control as a “Best Practice” Matt Berman Institute of Social and Economic Research University of Alaska Anchorage. Alaska local option law Local option and injury deaths in rural Alaska Factors contributing to success with local option.
1918 Alaska Territory goes dry after referendum in 1915.
1920 Prohibition throughout U.S.
1933 Prohibition repealed. Indian reserves and rural Alaska remain dry.
1936 Congress extends Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) to Alaska.
1941 Territorial legislature expands local option for cities to ban alcohol.
1953 U.S. allows IRA tribal councils to legalize liquor sales on reserves.
1959 Alaska becomes a state. State refuses to recognize tribal authority.
1971 ANCSA ends federal recognition of tribal legal authority.
1980 State legislature greatly expands local option to ban importation.
1986 Local option law amended to allow communities to ban possession.
1998 U.S. Supreme Court rules against Venetie and Indian Country in Alaska
Most Elections Banned Sale and ImportationLocal Option Elections Through May 31, 1999
Suicide rates changed little in communities that went dry, but rose in communities remaining wetSuicide death rates: comparing wet vs. dry, 1980-93
Please visit the ISER web site at www.iser.uaa.alaska.edu/