author dr susan easterbrooks georgia state university l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Author: Dr. Susan Easterbrooks Georgia State University PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Author: Dr. Susan Easterbrooks Georgia State University

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Author: Dr. Susan Easterbrooks Georgia State University - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 226 Views
  • Uploaded on

Author: Dr. Susan Easterbrooks Georgia State University. Date submitted to deafed.net – March 24, 2006 To contact the author for permission to use this PowerPoint, please e-mail: et.3@charter.net To use this PowerPoint presentation in its entirety, please give credit to the author.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Author: Dr. Susan Easterbrooks Georgia State University' - betty_james


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
author dr susan easterbrooks georgia state university
Author: Dr. Susan EasterbrooksGeorgia State University
  • Date submitted to deafed.net – March 24, 2006
  • To contact the author for permission to use this PowerPoint, please e-mail: et.3@charter.net
  • To use this PowerPoint presentation in its entirety, please give credit to the author.
slide2
An Overview of Systems for the Development of English through Visual Representations

Spring, 2002

Susan R. Easterbrooks, Georgia State University

slide3

An Overview of Systems for the Development of English through Visual Representations

Spring, 2002

Susan R. Easterbrooks, Georgia State University

english based sign systems
English Based Sign Systems
  • The purpose of the English-based sign systems is to represent the structure of spoken English through visual means
types of visual manual codes
Types of Visual Manual Codes
  • Contact Sign
  • Manually Coded English
  • Cued Speech
  • Fingerspelling
  • Augmentative Communication
manually coded english
Manually Coded English
  • Invented sign systems that have the purpose of visually representing English.
  • Typically used in conjunction with speech with the goal of English literacy.
  • There are many MCE’s including SEE I, SEE II, LOVE and CASE.
contact sign or pidgin sign english pse
Contact Sign or Pidgin Sign English (PSE)
  • A combination of ASL and English.
  • Tends to be more English.
  • This cannot be learned because it is the natural result of bilingual interaction and will change from person to person.
  • Not a complete language.
cued speech
Cued Speech
  • A visual communication system that uses eight handshapes positioned around the face to help distinguish between sounds which may look similar.
  • Used primarily with speechreading.
fingerspelling
Fingerspelling
  • Each of the 26 letters of the alphabet have a corresponding sign.
  • Through finger spelling, words may be spelled out for clarity.
  • This is used in conjunction with either ASL or the MCE’s.
augmentative communication
Augmentative Communication
  • Methods and/or devices which supplement verbal communication.
  • May take many forms from very simple to complex.
  • Includes pointing to items on a board, gesturing, using programs for synthesized speech, etc.
  • Goal is personal expression.
discussion of manually coded english
Discussion of Manually Coded English

Advantages

easier for parents and teachers to learn

aids in speechreading

allow for a mode of communication while learning ASL

Disadvantages

slower to use

difficult to speak and sign at the same time

signs often left out in favor of speed

literacy does not appear to be significantly improved

discussion of contact sign
Discussion of Contact Sign
  • This form is used in communication between people who do not use the same language.
  • It cannot really be chosen as an option for communication because it is not learned.
  • Knowledge of either English or ASL is necessary for this to happen.
discussion of cued speech
Discussion of Cued Speech

Advantages

easy to learn

helps to make sense of distorted sound

children learn to self correct speech

improves speechreading in all situations

Disadvantages

not commonly used

there are few cued speech transliterators

it is difficult for the child to express himself until mastery is achieved

discussion of augmentative communication
Discussion of Augmentative Communication
  • Typically only used when no other mode is possible.
  • Advantages
    • simplifies input making it easier to focus on the task/subject at hand
    • pressure for speech is removed
    • physical demands are decreased
things to consider when choosing a method
Things to consider when choosing a method
  • Community or Population
  • Degree of Parental Involvement
  • Additional Disabilities
community or population
Community or Population
  • Certain areas are more likely to use a particular mode.
  • Large numbers of New Englanders use ASL, however, there are only a few small pockets of people who use cued speech.
  • It is best to research communicative options in your area before committing to one.
degree of parental involvement
Degree of Parental Involvement
  • When a mode is chosen the parents must learn and use that mode consistently for any progress to occur.
additional disabilities
Additional Disabilities
  • This must be taken into consideration because some children will be unable to use certain modes of communication.
  • Some systems are more physically taxing than others.
  • Some systems are more cognitively taxing than others.
can methods be combined
Can Methods be Combined?
  • Yes, more than one method can be used at the same time.
    • both ASL and MCE’s also use fingerspelling
    • receptive cued speech may be combined with expressive sign
    • contact sign, by definition, must be combined with some other system
    • augmentative communication is often a bridge to or facilitator of speech and speechreading
glossary
Glossary
  • Lipreading - understanding speech by watching the lips.
  • Speechreading - understanding speech by watching the talker.
    • Lips, jaw, tongue, etc
  • Transliterator - someone who understands the mode and can communicate with and speak for the cuer.
references
References
  • http://www.bsos.umd.edu/hesp/hesp202/deafsign.htm
  • http://clerccenter.gallaudet.edu/infotogo/492/492-3.html
  • http://www.cuedspeech.com/discover.cfm
  • http://deaflibrary.org/asl.html
references continued
References Continued
  • http://www.listen-up.org/options1.htm
  • http://www.remc11.k12.mi.us/lcisd/augment.htm
  • Secord, W.A., Shames, G.H., & Wigg, E.H. (1998). Augmentative and Alternative Communication. In S.D. Dragin (Ed.) Human Communication Disorders (510-551). Boston: Allyn and Bacon
other resources
Other Resources
  • http://www.zak.co.il/deaf-info/ old/methods.html
  • http://www.dpa.org.sg/signlang/html/ basics.html
  • http://web7.mit.edu/CuedSpeech/cue_ definition.html
  • http://www.emstac.org/resources/english_language.htm
  • http://tesol.edu/isaffil/intsec/f-teds.html
  • http://commtechlab.msu.edu/sites/aslweb