A potted history of cardiac surgery. Chris Munsch Yorkshire Heart Centre, Leeds. Christian Bilroth 1897. “Surgery of the heart has probably reached the limits set by nature to all surgery…”
Yorkshire Heart Centre, Leeds
1971 – Ionescu pericardial valve
First clinical use of stented, gluteraldehyde treated bovine pericardium for heart valve replacement.
“desperation (not necessity!) is the mother of invention” – Marian I. Ionescu (2004)
Source: NRMP *As of May 19, 2008
…the future ain’t what it used to be!
Billion dollar industry and the cowboy effect