English: Thursday, October 18, 2012 Handouts: * Grammar #10 (Nouns: Collective) Homework: * Grammar #10 (Nouns: Collective) 3. Assignments due: * Grammar #9 (Nouns: Singular and Plural)
Lesson Goal: Learn about collective nouns and how they determine the type of verb used in any given sentence. Outcomes: Be able to . . . Define “collective noun” and provide an example of a collective noun. Explain what’s special about collective nouns when using them with verbs. State the two-fold rule that’s applied for using verbs correctly with collective nouns. Identify collective nouns within sentences. Apply the correct verb form (singular or plural) for collective nouns in any given sentence
Starter #1Take out your comp book. Turn to the first blank page. In the upper right hand corner, write the following: Thurs., Oct. 18, 2012 QW #22: If I were President . . .Then copy the bold print portion of this prompt on the top lines: Pretend that you are the President of the United States. How would you govern the nation as our President? Describe what life would be like not only for you, but also for this country. Remember to write in complete sentences, avoiding fragments and run-ons. If you are not sure how to spell a certain word, just sound it out and circle it.
Starter #2 Yesterday we learned to distinguish between singular and plural nouns. We said that: A singular noun is . . . . one person, place, or thing A plural noun is . . . more than one person, place, or thing How do we form a plural noun? That is, how do we change a singular noun to a plural noun? by adding “s” or “es” Sometimes, however, we need to apply special rules. Those rules will be stated for you at the top of today’s handout. Let’s examine those rules together. . . .
Starter #2 continued Forming Plural Nouns Nouns ending with . . . To form plural . . . Example: s, z, -zz, ch, sh, x Add –es church, churches o preceded by a vowel Add –s patio, patios o preceded by a consonant Usually add –es echo, echoes Sometimes add –s piano, pianos y preceded by a vowel Add –s monkey, monkeys y preceded by a consonant Usually change y to ifly, flies and add –es f or fe Usually chance f to v knife, knives and add es Sometimes add –s earmuff, earmuffs
Starter #3 Today we are going to learn how to deal with words that name a group of people or a group of things. What term do we use to describe that type of noun? • collective nouns • Special rules apply to collective nouns when using them in sentences: • They can take either a singular verb or a plural verb. • So how do you know when to use a singular verb and when to use a plural verb? • * Make the verb singular when the group acts as a single unit. • * Make the verb plural when each member of the groupacts separately or individually. • For example: • The crowdwas excited by the close game. • That’s like saying . . . • Itwas. . . You wouldn’t say “It were . . .” • The crowd were pushing one another to get through the gate. • That’s like saying . . . • Theywere . . . You wouldn’t say, “They was . . .”