Behavior management
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Behavior Management. Learning Theory Behavior Modification Behavior Management . Human Behavior. Human Relationships. Parent Child. Predictability Readability Responsiveness. Feedback Loop. Feelings of efficacy Feelings of helplessness

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Behavior management




Parent child
Parent Child

  • Predictability

  • Readability

  • Responsiveness


Feedback loop
Feedback Loop

  • Feelings of efficacy Feelings of helplessness

    Competent System Helpless System


Parenting styles
Parenting Styles

  • Authoritative

  • Indulgent

  • Authoritarian

  • Neglectful/Abusive


Authoritative
Authoritative

  • Parental warmth

  • Inductive discipline

  • Non-physical and mild punishments

  • Consistency in child rearing


Indulgent
Indulgent

  • Overly permissive

  • Difficulty setting limits

  • Reversed family hierarchy/Boundary problems


Authoritarian
Authoritarian

  • Limited warmth

  • Harsh physical punishment/Unreasonable punishment

  • One-sided discipline


Neglectful and abusive
Neglectful and Abusive

  • Disrespectful of child’s basic needs

  • Physically aggressive in discipline

  • Disregard for child’s welfare

  • Limited involvement in child’s life


Limit setting
Limit Setting

  • Predictability

  • Readability

  • Responsiveness


Giving commands assertively
Giving Commands Assertively

  • 1. Move close to child.

  • 2. Stern facial expression.

  • 3. Say his or her name.

  • 4. Get and maintain eye-contact.

  • 5. Firm tone of voice.

  • 6. Give a direct, simple and clear command.

  • 7. State a consequence for disobedience.

  • 8. Back it up.


Six basic rules for effective management
SixBasic Rules for Effective Management

  • 1. Set clear rules and post in visible location

  • 2. Reward good behavior

  • 3. Don’t accidentally reward bad behavior

  • 4. Punish by using mild consequences

  • 5. Expect behavioral bursts

  • 6. Effective communication between parents


Active ignoring
Active ignoring

  • 1. Briefly remove all attention from child.

  • 2. Refuse to argue, scold or talk.

  • 3. Turn head and avoid eye contact.

  • 4. Do not show anger in manner, gestures, or speech.

  • 5. Act absorbed in another activity or leave room.

  • 6. Be aware of accidental reinforcement.

  • 7. Give child lots of attention when behavior stops.


Negative control techniques
Negative Control Techniques

  • Advantages of time out

    • 1. Quickly weakens many bad behaviors and stops some behaviors completely.

    • 2. Easy for parents

    • 3. Less emotional side effects for parents.

    • 4. Parents modeling rational and non-aggressive behaviors

    • 5. Parent-child relationships returns to normal after the time out.


Steps for time out
Steps for Time Out

  • 1. Select target behavior

  • 2. Count how often this behavior occurs

  • 3. Pick out a boring place for time out

  • 4. Explain time out to child

  • 5. Wait for the target behavior to occur

  • 6. Place child in time out using no more than 10 words and 10 seconds.

  • 7. Get a portable timer and set it to ring in __ minutes, placed within hearing distance

  • 8. Wait for the timer to ring, remove all attention from child while he is in time out

  • 9. Ask child why he was sent to time out before release.


Natural consequences
Natural Consequences

  • These are controlled by nature and happenstance,

    • Playing rough with the cat leads to being scratched or bitten.

    • Breaking a toy leads to its loss (don’t replace it).

    • Not wearing jacket leads to being cold.


Logical consequences
Logical Consequences

  • These are controlled by parent:

    • Riding bike in street leads to loss of bike for 1 week.

    • Refusal to brush teeth leads to no candy, soft drinks, or desserts.


Response cost
Response Cost

  • Loss of everyday privileges following misbehavior or noncompliance

  • Every day is a fresh start

  • No warnings

  • Consequences from least to most severe

  • Easy and cheap


Positive control strategies
Positive Control Strategies

  • Grandma’s Rule

  • Positive Practice

  • Reward Alternative Behavior

  • Reward Other Child (Modeling)


Points tokens and contracts
Points Tokens and Contracts

  • Steps

    • 1. Select target behavior(s)

    • 2. Make a point-reward calendar

    • 3. Write a menu of rewards

    • 4. Keep track of points earned and spent

    • 5. Adjust the reward program

    • 6. Phase out the program


Obstacles to effective behavior management
Obstacles to Effective Behavior Management

  • 1. Co-existing Conditions

  • 2. The wrong person is upset

  • 3. Not staying with the strategy long enough

  • 4. Staying with the strategy too long

  • 5. Human tendency to focus on the negative

  • 6. Assuming saliency of consequence

  • 7. Parental emotional reactivity



Screen media concerns
Screen Media Concerns

  • Each hour of TV watched by preschoolers increases by 10% the likelihood of ADHD by age 7

  • AAP recommends NO screen media for children less than 2 years old. For older children up to 2 hours daily of educational and non-violent material