Curriculum Writing. Candace Wallace, Director of Curriculum & Testing June, 2009. Topics. The Process What is Curriculum? What is Instruction? What is Assessment?. Instructional Process. the Plan - Curriculum The Delivery - Instruction The Evidence - Assessment. What is Curriculum.
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Curriculum Writing Candace Wallace, Director of Curriculum & Testing June, 2009
Topics • The Process • What is Curriculum? • What is Instruction? • What is Assessment?
Instructional Process • the Plan - Curriculum • The Delivery - Instruction • The Evidence - Assessment
What is Curriculum • "a plan for a sustained process of teaching and learning" David Pratt, 1997.
What is Instruction? The execution of the curriculum, actually teaching it. Instruction doesn't always follow curriculum. It is often unplanned.
What is Assessment? Student outcomes must be measurable, so we must design a set of evaluative instruments that will measure those skills and knowledge in a way that provides a formative link to future instructional strategies.
Curriculum Curriculum writing is guided by: • State standards • Needs of the students • Current educational research • District standards
Mile wide, Inch deep…. • Instruction needs to address skills and content through depth of concepts. We know our curriculum is ineffective when it is mile wide, inch deep.
Instruction Instructional Development The Backward Design Process InUnderstanding by Design Jay McTighe and Grant Wiggins suggest that in crafting educational experiences we must focus on the student learning by targeting student outcomes and designing our curriculum and instruction around them. This is the backward design model.
UbD The Backward Design Process Stage 1. What is worthy and requiring of understanding? Stage 2. What is evidence of understanding? Stage 3. What learning experiences and teaching promote understanding, interest, and excellence?
In other words… • What do we want the students to know and retain. • What should they understand and be able to do? • How are we going to get them to understand? • How will we know… that they know and better still, that they understand?
Components of a Curriculum Framework We use the “backwards design model” in designing our Curriculum Framework by starting with student outcomes and working backwards towards the instructional strategies and models to achieve those outcomes.
Components of a Curriculum Framework • Curriculum Guide - • Philosophy or rationale • Course Description • Standards • Outline • Bibliography • Instructional Blueprint • Handbook (teacher)- • Detailed resources • Sample unit and lesson plans • Examples of cross discipline integration • Classroom and instructional process
Why Such a Detailed Framework? It is imperative that the whole district aligns with a set of standards to… • Map the common goals and objectives of instruction • Monitor the instructional standards for rigor and relevance • Maintain the pace of instruction consistently throughout the district. • Periodically and uniformly assess student skills for mastery
The Curriculum Guide delineates the skills and concepts taught and evaluated to enhance student achievement. It includes a pacing instrument called an Instructional Blueprint.
The Instructional Blueprint • Creates a “snapshot” of the educational activities of every classroom within the district. • Captures the content, skills and assessments, which are aligned to the standards, and which are taught by every teacher in the district.
The Instructional Blueprint • Organizes this information into an easily accessed visual that presents a timeline of instruction by teacher and course.
The Instructional Blueprint The Blueprint is a quick graphic representation of • what is taught • why it is taught • how it is taught • when it is taught • how it is measured.
The Instructional Blueprint • Instructional Objectives • NJCCCS • Essential skills & concepts • Enduring Understanding • Essential Questions • Measurable Outcomes • Strategies and best practices • Methods of Assessment Formative & Summative • Project based learning tasks • Authentic Assessments • Pacing Timeline
Instructional Blueprint Thematic Units, Topics & Timeline What students should know What the students can do INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES MEASURABLE OUTCOMES StudentLearning A Unified Plan Of Evaluative Measures NJCCCS Alignment AuthenticAssessments Clarity of Goals Focus on Critical Analysis & Problem Solving Essential Skills and Concepts
The Handbook • A teacher handbook • A reference tool • Includes any ancillary materials • Examples of thematic units • Examples of Target Activities
Curriculum Review Process Research and review district data and best practices
Curriculum Review Process Research and review district data and best practices Analyze data and begin construct of strategies to improve deficiencies
Curriculum Review Process Research and review district data and best practices Analyze data and begin construct of strategies to improve deficiencies Review resources and NJCCCS alignment
Curriculum Review Process Research and review district data and best practices Design the Curriculum addressing all of the components Analyze data and begin construct of strategies to improve deficiencies Review Resources and NJCCCS Alignment
Curriculum Review Process Research and review district data and best practices • SUSTAINABILITY • Professional Development • Review Textbooks and Resources • Update Primer • Monitor student skill sets with matrix and adjust instruction and curriculum Analyze data and begin construct of strategies to improve deficiencies Design the Curriculum Review Resources and NJCCCS alignment
Procedures • Posting • Apply for position • OBOE approval • Notification of Approval • Timeline • Instructions for using the Wiki • Instructions for submitting paperwork