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Albert Camus. The stranger. Cat Ninh Modern Novel. Camus’ Biography: early life. Born November 7, 1913 -Mondovi in Algiers Father -killed in 1914 during WWI Mother - deaf and poor Deprived childhood at home

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albert camus

Albert Camus

The stranger

Cat Ninh

Modern Novel

camus biography early life
Camus’ Biography: early life
  • Born November 7, 1913 -Mondovi in Algiers
  • Father -killed in 1914 during WWI
  • Mother - deaf and poor
  • Deprived childhood at home
  • Kept himself busy at school with sports, studying, and getting a part time job
  • Studied philosophy at the University of Algiers
  • Contracted TB in 1930
1930 1936 young adulthood
1930-1936: Young adulthood
  • 1934 - joined and then left the Communist party
  • Camus had to stop his studies because of financial issues
  • Jobs as a police clerk, a salesman, tutor, and a meteorologist
  • 1934-1936 - Married and divorced Simone Hié, the daughter of a wealthy opthalmologist
  • 1935 - he founded the Workers’ Theater
  • 1936 - he finally completed his degree, graduating from the University of Algiers
early literary career
Early Literary Career
  • Wrote book reviews and essays for periodicals
  • His first book was a collection of essays
  • Topic: man’s isolation in the world and the absurdity of death
  • Journalist for the Paris-Soir
  • WW2 cut his career short
  • returned to live in North Africa, remarried, and worked as a teacher
  • 1942 -published The Stranger, his first novel
  • In the same year, he also published "The Myth of Sisyphus”
  • Returned to France and edited a newspaper called Combat.
  • Wrote for the Alger-Republicain; vs. the government
  • Troubles finding jobs in Algier, left to Paris in 1940
other works
Other Works
  • 1944- 1945: Plays -Le Malentendu (The Misunderstood) and Caligula
  •  1947:The Plague
  • 1951: The Rebel - collection of essays
  • 1956:The Fall
  • 1957:The Exile and the Kingdom – collection of short stories
end of his life
End of his life
  • 1957: Nobel Prize for Literature
  • January 4, 1960: died in a random car accident
  • Absurd: he originally planned to go on a train with his wife and kids, not drive with his publisher
published in 1942
published in 1942
  • Viewed life as mostly meaningless, dull, indifferent
  • WWI made many European writers question the meaning of life
  • He did not believe in God or an afterlife
  • Philosophy of absurdity and existentialism
  • Character formation of Meursalt is based on these ideas