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Information Communication Technologies in Architectural Education

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  1. Information Communication Technologies in Architectural Education Modris Dobelis Riga Technical University Riga, Latvia

  2. Topics • Computer Aided Architectural Design • What is Concurrent Engineering and BIM? • Is CAAD just a tool or a media? • Architectural Education • Which comes first - hand-drawing or CAAD? • CAAD teaching as a separated technology tool or integrated into project design? • Teaching, training, tutoring or what else ? • What software, how extensive, how to teach? • Prior experience and training time • Conclusion International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  3. 2004 4x23”=92” LCD monitor 1963. MIT TX-2 computer with320 KB fast memory ! 2004 3D LCD Monitor Computer Aided Architectural Design Picture is worth a thousand words Prototype is worth a thousand pictures • Computer Aided Drafting • Computer Aided Design • Computer Aided Engineering Rapid Prototyping Architectural Models International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  4. Concurrent Engineering • Synonyms for Concurrent • Parallel • Integrated • Interfaced • Networked • Collaborative • Rapid • Synonym for Engineering • Product Development International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  5. Building Information Modelling Architects are First in a Raw Rendering, Animation, VR Conceptual Design Design Documentation 3D Model Initial Idea Structural Analysis Cost Estimate Facility Management Construction Management International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  6. Is CAD a Tool or Creative Media ? Tools / Media  Information Technologies (IT) • Provide • better design productivity • effective collaboration possibilities • rapid product development • But these technologies • can do more than the average user might expect • develop faster than the users can implement them successfully • often fail to meet the expected result because of ineffective IT use IT literacy is more than just anyCAD literacy ! CAAD systems International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  7. 3T’s of Concurrent Engineering • Tools – material resources • Training – human aspect, education • Time – realistic targets and expectations Are equally important both in industry and in education International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  8. Tools in Universities In Europe:~ 180 architectural schools~ 120 000 architectural students~ 500 full-time teachers Data byHannu Penttila, 2002Helsinki University of Technology International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  9. Training & Time in Universities • The Situation Before IT • Small student groups • Enough contact hours for subjects • The Reality Now Is • Large students groups • Contact hours are decreasing all the time • Possible Solutions • Contemporary computer class with multimedia tutorials • Shift from lecturing to tutoring International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  10. ToolsTrainingTime Trouble • What kind of changes the digital media has effected to the architectural working and educational environments ? • Are we ready to accept that ? • Are there even defined strategies to use digital tools/media in the architectural education ? • How the modern media is integrated into the architectural education ? International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  11. CAD or PAD? Two dominating approachesin education • Hand-drawing first, CAD later • Develop expression skills through PAD - Pencil Aided Design (Free-hand Sketching) • Both are taught parallel on equal basis • Exaggeration of CAAD role should be avoided ! International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  12. Separate Technology Tool • Typically an architectural teaching staff requires CADD knowledge “setup” • Regular software and hardware update and upgrade is a common issue • Training industrial clients to use contemporary collaboration technology and methodologies • Re-engineering of organizational practices involves considerable resources International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  13. Graphic Literacy Education in RTU 2 CP = 2 Acad. Contact Hours x 16 week + 48 Hours Independent Work • Bachelor studies – 4.5 years • 1st study year • Descriptive Geometry, 4 CP, Compulsory • Computer Literacy, 2CP, Compulsory (nothing about CAD) • 3rd study year • CAD Applications in Architecture, 2 CP, Compulsory • Advanced CAD, 2CP, Optional (some students select) • Professional Studies 1.5 years • Not specified • Master Studies (2 years) • Computer Aided Design, 2 CP, Compulsory International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  14. 2D CAD Skills Acquired Before University Total Number Students Questioned - 46 CAAD is Allowed in Projects International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  15. Intersection Exercise from Descriptive Geometry Course The same assignment exercise is suggested to be solved using 4 different CAD methods reporting the time required to complete it and discussing the emotions International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  16. 2D anyCAD Exercise ? Beginner Student’s Reported(Self Evaluation) Professional International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  17. 3D ArchiCAD Exercise International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  18. SketchUp • Fills the existing gap in Computer Aided Conceptual Design stage • Expands the ability to explore design through the use of 3D modelling • Provides fast feedback during conceptual design study • Demonstrates the power of emerging technologies International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  19. 3D SketchUp Exercise Wrong Self Evaluation ? International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  20. The result is achieved throughI do and I understandrather thanI hear and I forget orI see and I remember GDL code MODEL SOLID MATERIAL c PYRAMID 4, 3.4, 63, 0, -2.8, 0, 2.8, 1.6, 0, -2.8, 1.6, 0, 0, -2.8, -1 ADD .4, 1.75, 1.65 ROTz 90 ROTy -90 MATERIAL d PRISM 4, 4.15, 0, 0, 1.1, 0, 1.1, .65, 0, 1.6 DEL 3 ADD 2.6, -2.3, 0 ROTz 60 ROTx 90 MULz -1 MATERIAL e PRISM 5, 3.1, 0, 0, 2.15, 0, 2.15, .4, .85, 1.5, 0, .8 DEL 4 END The programming is not that complex as many might believe it is! International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  21. 3D GDL Exercise Wrong Self Evaluation ? I guess so! International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  22. Conclusion CAAD education experience in RTU • More impact on ITtutoring rather than teaching • No 2D drafting with AutoCAD for architects • If you learn any3D-CAD primary concepts, the next one will come much faster • Preference to How to Design rather than What to Design International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  23. BALTGRAF-2006 The Eighth International Baltic Conference on Geometry and Engineering Graphics June 9-10, 2006. Tallinn, Estonia Follow the information on the Web http://bf.rtu.lv/~grafika/BALTGRAF.htm International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland

  24. Thank you International Conference on Engineering Education July 25-29, 2005, Gliwice, Poland