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Funding Opportunities For Highway Construction Impacts To Ecological Resources. Highway Trust Fund. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)--- Receives 84% of Total AMT Federal Transit Administration (FTA), Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA),

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highway trust fund
Highway Trust Fund

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)--- Receives 84% of Total AMT

Federal Transit Administration (FTA),

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA),

National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA),

Federal Rail Administration (FRA)

Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS)

federal highway administration
Federal Highway Administration
  • Interstate Maintenance
  • National Highway System
  • Surface Transportation Program
  • Bridge Program
  • Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program
  • Appalachian Development Highway System
  • Recreational Trails Program
  • Coordinated Border Infrastructure Program
  • Safe Routes to School Program
  • Metropolitan Planning
  • Equity Bonus Program
  • Distribution of Certain Authorized Funds Pursuant to Section 1102(f) of SAFETEA-LU


(a) Project Authorization- Of funds made available for the State of Montana for the project for development and construction of United States Route 212, Red Lodge North, Montana, as described in the table contained in section 1934 (including amounts transferred to the project under section 1935), on request of the State of Montana, the Secretary shall obligate such sums as are necessary to reconstruct the Beartooth Highway in the State of Montana.

(b) Reimbursement- The amounts used for reconstruction under subsection (a) shall be reimbursed to the project relating to United States Route 212 described in subsection (a) on the date or dates on which funding is allocated for the Beartooth Highway under section 125 of title 23, United States Code.

(c) Federal Share- The Federal share payable for funds allocated for the Beartooth Highway under section 125 of such title shall be 100 percent.

is it good or bad
Is it Good or Bad?
  • What can improve on Federal Lands with this project?
  • How can I remediate a previously impacted area of Federal Land?
  • FHWA is a good PARTNER that subscribes to ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP.
  • Areas outside the Easement will require additional NEPA approval.
(C) REFUGE ROADS- For refuge roads under section 204 of such title, $29,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2005 through 2009.
don t forget
Don’t Forget…
  • Wildlife don’t recognize what category of highway causes impacts…
  • …but, you have to know the category to develop solutions
eco logical an ecosystem approach to developing infrastructure projects1
Eco-Logical: An Ecosystem Approach toDeveloping Infrastructure Projects

Benefits for the Steering Team PartnersBLM - Improved resource conservation during land use plan developmentEPA - Greater flexibility to do environmental goodFHWA - Streamlined project development and improved mitigation opportunitiesNOAA Fisheries Service - Early application of science for solutionsNPS - Using science to protect natural resources while providing visitor experienceUSACE - Finding the balance to keep waters clean and clearUSFS - Stewardship of natural resources and facilitated use of public landsUSFWS - One conservation framework, endless possibilities for partnership

surface transportation program stp
Surface Transportation Program (STP)
  • State Administered Program
    • For Public Roads that are functionally classified as major collector or higher
    • Each State administers slightly differently
  • 10% set-aside for Transportation Enhancements
  • 10% set-aside for Safety Projects
forest highway program
Forest Highway Program

$180 Million/year

  • Allocated by Formula
  • FHWA Administered
  • Project Selection by Tri-Party agreement (USFS, FHWA, State DOT)
  • Useable as Non-Federal match on some other SAFETEA-LU programs (Section 104)
  • Funds available for 1+3 years
  • $ 10 million per year for Aquatic Passages
  • $20 million per year for maintenance
forest highways public lands highways discretionary
Forest Highways & Public Lands Highways-Discretionary
  • Eligible Program Activities
    • Planning, research, engineering and construction
    • Transit facilities within public lands
    • Transportation planning for recreational travel benefiting recreational development
    • Adjacent parking
    • Interpretive signing
refuge roads program section 204
Refuge Roads Program Section 204

$29 Million/year

  • Transportation planning, research, engineering, and construction of highways, roads, parkways and transit facilities
  • State/local match for most types of Federal-aid highway funded projects.
  • $1 million per year for signage identifying public hunting and fishing access
transportation enhancements
  • Program Purpose

(Typically not BMP’s that would be normally done)

  • Transportation enhancements (TE) are transportation-related activities that strengthen the cultural, aesthetic, and environmental aspects of the Nation's transportation system.
  • Funding/Formula
  • Retains the 10 percent transportation enhancements set-aside of Surface Transportation Program (STP) funds.
  • Eligible Activities
  • Continues eligibility for any of the following activities, if such activity relates to surface transportation:
10 stp transportation enhancements te
10% STP-Transportation Enhancements (TE)

$640 million/year

  • Transportation-related activities
    • Cultural
    • Aesthetic
    • Environmental
  • Outside the roadway
  • State DOT issues call for projects
  • Any town, county, State, federal agency, or non-profit group may apply
  • State reviews and selects projects
eligible stp enhancement activities
Eligible STP-Enhancement Activities
  • Provision of facilities for pedestrians and bicycles
  • Provision of safety and educational activities for pedestrians and bicyclists
  • Acquisition of scenic easements and scenic or historic sites,
  • Scenic or historic highway programs (including the provision of tourist and welcome center facilities)
eligible stp enhancement activities1
Eligible STP-Enhancement Activities
  • Landscaping and scenic beautification
  • Rehabilitation and operation of historic buildings, structures, or facilities
  • Preservation of abandoned railway corridors
  • Control and removal of outdoor advertising
  • Archeological planning and research
eligible stp enhancement activities continued
Eligible STP-Enhancement Activities (Continued)
  • Environmental mitigation
    • Address water pollution due to highway runoff
    • Reduce vehicle-caused wildlife mortality while maintaining habitat connectivity
  • Establishment of transportation museums
stp safety

$640 million / year

  • Elimination of hazardous locations on all public roads
  • Elimination of hazards associated with railroad crossings
  • Applicable to any public road or surface transportation facility, including…
    • bicycle or pedestrian pathway or trail
    • traffic-calming measures
recreational trails program
Recreational Trails Program
  • Federal Share is 80%
  • A Federal Land Management Agency’s funds can provide an additional 15% Federal share.
  • Only 5% needs to come from non-Federal sources

Funds are apportioned to the States by formula

    • 50% equally among all eligible State and,
    • 50% in proportion to the amount of off-road recreational fuel use.
recreational trails program1
Recreational Trails Program
  • State designated agency administers (not necessarily the DOT)
  • States must meet minimum funding shares as follows:
    • 30% minimum for motorized recreation
    • 30% minimum for non-motorized recreation
    • 40% minimum for diverse trail use
recreational trails program2
Recreational Trails Program


  • Pedestrian
  • Bicycling
  • Aquatic or water
  • Equestrian-- Could animals use these???
  • Snowmobiles
  • Off-road use
  • Four wheel driving
scenic byways program
Scenic Byways Program

$38 million /year

  • Purpose: to recognize and enhance roads with the following outstanding characteristics:
    • Scenic
    • Historic
    • Cultural
    • Natural
    • Recreational
    • Archeological
scenic byways program1



Scenic Byways Program
  • Funding Requirements
    • 80% Federal share
    • Fed Agency funds may be used for remaining 20%
  • Levels of Scenic Byways
    • Federal Agency or State designation
    • National Scenic Byways
    • All-American Road
off system bridge program
Off-System Bridge Program
  • 15% to 35% of a State’s apportionment must be spent on bridges off the Federal-Aid Highway system
  • (Roads functionally classified as

“Rural and Rural Minor Collectors”)

bridge replacements
Bridge Replacements
  • Tens of thousands of bridges across US…and the Federal Agencies…need replacement in the next couple decades
  • Great opportunity to increase wildlife passage and decrease mortality!
  • Think “Bridge Extensions”!
safetea lu
  • The Secretary is to conduct a Wildlife Vehicle Collision Reduction Study of methods to reduce collisions between motor vehicles and wildlife, and report to Congress within 2 years on causes, impacts, and solutions. A manual of best practices is due 1 year after report to Congress. The Secretary is required to develop a training course for transportation professionals. [1119]
non safetea lu funding
Non-SAFETEA-LU Funding
  • Fish and Wildlife Appropriations (through Interior Appropriations Bill)
  • Other Sources
    • Other Agencies
    • Non-Profit
    • Private Sponsorship
    • State and Local funds
    • Fund Raising and Contributions
    • Public/Private Partnerships
    • Transportation Research Board (TRB)
    • AASHTO
non profit funding sources
Non-Profit Funding Sources
  • Local Non-Profit
  • Private Foundations
  • National Forest Foundation (NFF)
  • National Fish and Wildlife Foundations (NFWF)
  • Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Alliance (TRCA)
  • Transportation and Community Partnerships
funding advice
Funding Advice
  • Recognize many Projects may be eligible for several Programs
  • Don’t take the first “NO” as the only answer
  • Combined funding makes for good partnering
  • Know your partners
  • And…


Don't Put All Your Eggs

in One Basket!

the guidebook
The Guidebook

Try it,

you'll like it!

what do i do now
What do I do now?
  • Think 20-30 years in the future
  • What are the projects that will help me manage the Refuge Resources in the future
    • Campgrounds-Recreation Facilities
    • Water
    • Wildlife improvements
    • Road Obliteration
    • ETC.
what do i do now1
What do I do now?
  • Locate upcoming projects listed on the DOT STIP(State Transportation Improvement Plan)
    • Make sure your project is on the STIP
  • Identify possible funding sources for each project
  • Cost Estimate for projects
  • Commitment from Refuge Managers
    • F&WL will need to do NEPA
    • Time of F&WL Personnel to accomplish – make sure it’s on their program of work
what do i do now2
Encourage DOT’s to apply for Awards

Build Award Winning projects

SR 260 wildlife crossings by (ADOT)

Arizona's Comprehensive Approach to Wildlife Protection and Habitat Connectivity on the State Route 260 Project

FHWA Exemplary Ecosystem Initiatives selected for 2003

What do I do now?
tonto national forest highway projects resource mitigation funding fy 96 05
Tonto National Forest Highway ProjectsResource Mitigation Funding FY 96-05
  • SR 87
  • Oxbow Hill Spring protection $ 3,000
  • Sunflower Education Center $ 350,000
  • Wildlife waters, temporary fencing and reveg $ 89,000
  • SR 188/88
  • Murray Wash Spring protection $ 11,000
  • Wildlife Drinker $ 20,000
  • Cherry Ck Riparian Fencing $ 89,000
  • In Lieu 404 fees $ 150,000
  • SR 260
  • Tonto Creek Campground Replacement $2,450,000
  • Water Catchments, Bat abodes,trail Constr $ 135,000
  • Transportation Enhancements at Kohl’s Ranch $ 290,000
  • Kohl’s Ranch wildlife projects $ 150,000
  • SR 88

Scenic Byway Enhancements $ 500,000

TOTALS = $4.2 million