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Maritime Domain Awareness The Key to Maritime Security. Lack of Policy or Systems Architecture/ Structure A Culture of Secrecy The Dark Side of Maritime Transportation Transparency (MDA) As a Partial Answer. Thousands of Years of History …. Maritime Governance. Maritime Safety.

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thousands of years of history
Lack of Policy or Systems Architecture/ Structure

A Culture of Secrecy

The Dark Side of Maritime Transportation

Transparency (MDA) As a Partial Answer

Thousands of Years of History …
maritime governance
Maritime Governance

Maritime Safety

Maritime Stewardship

Maritime Security

International Partners

Private Sector

Regimes

(Policy Sets)

Awareness

Operations

State, & Local Govt

Federal/DOD

Integrated Effort

Foreign

Ports

Global Commons

Approaches

US

Ports

Across the Maritime Domain

slide4
“…the effective understanding of anything associated with the global maritime domain that could impact the security, safety, economy, or environment of the United States.” – National Plan to Achieve Maritime Domain Awareness

or

MDA = Intel + Situational Awareness

Maritime Domain Awareness

slide5

Maritime Domain Awareness

Observables

Collect Fuse Analyze Disseminate

Decide/Act

  • Vessels
  • People
  • Facilities
  • Cargo
  • Infrastructure
  • Sea lanes
  • Threats
  • Friendly forces
  • Weather
  • Sensors
  • Operators & field personnel
  • Intel. agencies
  • Open source
  • Private sector data
  • Law Enf
  • Intl Sources
  • Strategic
  • Operational
  • Tactical
  • Networks
  • Displays (COP/UDOP)
  • Command Centers
  • Tracks w/ tracks
  • Data w/ data
  • Tracks w/ Data
  • Anomaly Detection
  • Pattern Recog & analysis
  • Compare w/ rules
  • Research tools

MDA = Intelligence + Situational Awareness

slide6

Maritime Domain Awareness

Observables

Collect Fuse Analyze Disseminate

Decide/Act

  • Vessels
  • People
  • Facilities
  • Cargo
  • Infrastructure
  • Sea lanes
  • Threats
  • Friendly forces
  • Weather
  • Sensors
  • Operators & field personnel
  • Intel. agencies
  • Open source
  • Private sector data
  • Law Enf
  • Intl Sources
  • Strategic
  • Operational
  • Tactical
  • Networks
  • Displays (COP/UDOP)
  • Command Centers
  • Tracks w/ tracks
  • Data w/ data
  • Tracks w/ Data
  • Anomaly Detection
  • Pattern Recog & analysis
  • Compare w/ rules
  • Research tools

MDA = Intelligence + Situational Awareness

collect
Collect

AIS Satellite

IMO Global Tracking

Coastal AIS Nationwide

AIS Buoy

Coastal Radar

Patrol Ships & Aircraft

Vessel Traffic Systems

collect data sources
Collect – Data Sources

Vessel Characteristics

People –

Passengers

Vessel

History

People –

Crew

Cargo

slide9

Maritime Domain Awareness

Observables

Collect Fuse Analyze Disseminate

Decide/Act

  • Vessels
  • People
  • Facilities
  • Cargo
  • Infrastructure
  • Sea lanes
  • Threats
  • Friendly forces
  • Weather
  • Sensors
  • Operators & field personnel
  • Intel. agencies
  • Open source
  • Private sector data
  • Law Enf
  • Intl Sources
  • Strategic
  • Operational
  • Tactical
  • Networks
  • Displays (COP/UDOP)
  • Command Centers
  • Tracks w/ tracks
  • Data w/ data
  • Tracks w/ Data
  • Anomaly Detection
  • Pattern Recog & analysis
  • Compare w/ rules
  • Research tools

MDA = Intelligence + Situational Awareness

data fusion

Vessel Characteristics

Vessel A

Characteristics

History

Crew

Passengers

Cargo

Vessel

History

People –

Crew

Vessel B

Characteristics

History

Crew

Passengers

Cargo

People –

Passengers

Cargo

Data Fusion
vessel track data fusion
Vessel Track & Data Fusion

Vessel A

Characteristics

History

Crew

Passengers

Cargo

slide13

Maritime Domain Awareness

Observables

Collect Fuse Analyze Disseminate

Decide/Act

  • Vessels
  • People
  • Facilities
  • Cargo
  • Infrastructure
  • Sea lanes
  • Threats
  • Friendly forces
  • Weather
  • Sensors
  • Operators & field personnel
  • Intel. agencies
  • Open source
  • Private sector data
  • Law Enf
  • Intl Sources
  • Strategic
  • Operational
  • Tactical
  • Networks
  • Displays (COP/UDOP)
  • Command Centers
  • Tracks w/ tracks
  • Data w/ data
  • Tracks w/ Data
  • Anomaly Detection
  • Pattern Recog & analysis
  • Compare w/ rules
  • Research tools

MDA = Intelligence + Situational Awareness

slide15

Maritime Domain Awareness

Observables

Collect Fuse Analyze Disseminate

Decide/Act

  • Vessels
  • People
  • Facilities
  • Cargo
  • Infrastructure
  • Sea lanes
  • Threats
  • Friendly forces
  • Weather
  • Sensors
  • Operators & field personnel
  • Intel. agencies
  • Open source
  • Private sector data
  • Law Enf
  • Intl Sources
  • Strategic
  • Operational
  • Tactical
  • Networks
  • Displays (COP/UDOP)
  • Command Centers
  • Tracks w/ tracks
  • Data w/ data
  • Tracks w/ Data
  • Anomaly Detection
  • Pattern Recog & analysis
  • Compare w/ rules
  • Research tools

MDA = Intelligence + Situational Awareness

slide17

Disseminate – Command Centers

Data -> Information -> Knowledge -> Action

national strategy for maritime security

THE

NATIONAL STRATEGY

FOR

MARITIME SECURITY

September 2005

National Strategy for Maritime Security
slide19

National MDA Implementation

Maritime Security

Policy Coordinating

Committee

White House

(NSC/HSC)

MDA

Implementation Team

DHS = USCG

DOD = JS/J5

DHS = USCG DOD = JS/J5

DOD = NORTHCOM/J5

DHS = USCG

CONOPS

Workgroup

Req & Capabilities

Workgroup

Collection

(Battle Space

Awareness)

Fusion & Analysis

(Battle Space

Awareness)

Dissemination

(Net-Centric)

slide20

CONOPS WG

R & C WG

MDA

CONOPS

Requirements

& Gaps

(FNA)

Capabilities

(FAA)

LE & Intel Community

Organization(s) TBD

X

Vulnerability

Criticality

Likelihood

X

Threat

X

X

Prioritized Objectives

Investment Strategy

National MDA Implementation Process

NSMS, MDA, GMII, MOTR

Note: Various capabilities for MDA being programmed independently by individual agencies for FY06–08

Appendix B

Investment Strategy WG

Departmental Budgeting

& Programming System

Capability Monitor/Oversight

slide21

CONOPS WG

R & C WG

MDA

CONOPS

Requirements

& Gaps

(FNA)

Capabilities

(FAA)

LE & Intel Community

Organization(s) TBD

X

Vulnerability

Criticality

Likelihood

X

Threat

X

X

Prioritized Objectives

Investment Strategy

National MDA Implementation Process

NSMS, MDA, GMII, MOTR

Note: Various capabilities for MDA being programmed independently by individual agencies for FY06–08

Appendix B

Investment Strategy WG

Departmental Budgeting

& Programming System

Capability Monitor/Oversight

mda data sharing community of interest
Feb 2006: Community of Interest formed between DoD, DHS, and DOT

Sharing of MDA Data using Net-Centric Enterprise Services (NCES) and Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) infrastructures

First spiral: Unclas Automatic Identification System (AIS)

4 publishers from Navy, Coast Guard, Volpe Center

4 subscriber systems (legacy and user-defined)

Common Vocabulary formed and published to DoD Metadata Registry

COI Developers’ Page link at: https://metadata.solers.com/mdads/

Pilot of Unclas AIS data sharing demonstrated October 2006 and December 2006 to executive-level audiences

Way ahead: Perform Military Utility Assessment, expand AIS footprint, add AIS services, add other MDA data types (e.g., people, cargo, etc.)

USCG Technical Action Officer: Jay Spalding, USCG R&D Center, Groton CT,Jay.W.Spalding@uscg.mil, 860-441-2687

MDA Data SharingCommunity Of Interest