French Absolutism. Source of Pictures and Template: Ms. Pojer , New York. Sovereignty Defined. What does “sovereignty” mean? supreme authority within a territory
Source of Pictures and Template: Ms. Pojer, New York
15th C “New” Monarchs
17th C “Absolute” Monarchs
Derived from traditional assumption of power (e.g. heirs to the throne), belief in “divine right of kings”), and not subordinate to national assemblies.
Maintained large standing armies. Monarchs no longer relied on mercenary or noble armies.
Employed secret police to weaken political opponents, but left alone those who didn’t openly oppose state.
In West, nobility was effectively brought under control, but could still at times hinder absolute monarchs from completely having their way.
Bureaucracies composed of career officials appointed by and solely accountable to king. Often rising members of the bourgeoisie or new nobility (“nobility of the robe” who purchased their titles from the monarchy).
Catholic monarchs gained control of the Roman Catholic Church in their countries.
the expense of the nobility) in exchange for
No war, lower taxes on peasants, lease tax collection to financiers, subsidize trading company, and highway system.
“Where the interests of the state are concerned, God absolves actions, which if privately committed, would be a crime.”
by Jean Nocret, 1670
Argument: Louis XIV built Versailles due to the chaotic period of the “Fronde.” What evidence (supporting details) from the text supports this argument?
The Queen’s Bed