“Write Now” Write about a time that you, someone who you know, or someone from a book/movie/television show has had to deal with some type of loss. Explain the waves of loss that they experienced.
The Monomyth • Joseph Campbell • THE HERO’S JOURNEY • Two areas of the hero’s journey: • Known – where the hero is comfortable • Unknown – where the hero needs to face trials and challenges to grow as a person • Hero leaves the known (whether willingly or not) to conquer the unknown resulting in the hero becoming a better person.
The 5 Modes of Literature Myth Romance High Mimesis Low Mimesis Irony These modes are directly correlated to time period and literature.
Myth • The hero’s superiority is different from that of any other man in their environment. (i.e. godly) • The hero is superior to nature • The world: • Good always triumphs over evil • Highly un-individualized • Before 600 C.E. • Major events/ideas: Greek Mythology and Judeo-Christian philosophy; the age of heroes
Romance • The hero is superior to other humans by a great degree. • No longer in a world of his/her own • The hero is superior to nature • The World: • Good always triumphs over evil • Highly un-individualized • 600 C.E. to 1500 C.E. • Major events/ideas: Spreading of Christianity, establishment of formal Catholicism
High Mimesis • Hero is superior to other humans by a great degree. • Is not superior to nature • The World: • Good always triumphs over evil • very individualized • 1500 C.E. to 1800 C.E. • Events: Protestant revolution, Copernicus (heliocentrism)
Low Mimesis • Hero is more or less equal to other men • Not superior to nature • The World: • Good usually triumphs over evil • Is not generally good • Extremely individualized • 1800 C.E. to 1910 C.E.
Irony • Hero power of action is lesser than the ordinary human • Not superior to nature • The World: • Morally corrupt • Highly individualized • Good rarely triumphs over evil • 1920 C.E. to Present
An Age of Irony • No more heroes • Failed mythology • Pessimistic view of human beings – humans no longer seen as a force of good • A corrupt world that is not conducive to human growth • Brainstorm with a partner: What major world events, scientific discoveries, and other elements lead to the bullet points above. • Hint: Start around the mid 19th century