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User Controls, Master Pages and Navigation

User Controls, Master Pages and Navigation. Master Pages, User Controls, Site Maps, Localization. Svetlin Nakov. Telerik Corporation. www.telerik.com. Table of Contents. Master Pages User Controls Navigation Controls Localization. Master Pages. Header. Navigation. Content. Footer.

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User Controls, Master Pages and Navigation

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  1. User Controls, Master Pages and Navigation Master Pages, User Controls, Site Maps, Localization Svetlin Nakov Telerik Corporation www.telerik.com

  2. Table of Contents • Master Pages • User Controls • Navigation Controls • Localization

  3. Master Pages

  4. Header Navigation Content Footer Master andContent Pages

  5. Why Use Master andContent Pages? • The structure of the site is repeated over most of its pages • Common Look & Feel • To avoid the repeating (and copying) ofHTML code and the logics behind it

  6. Master Pages – Characteristics • Provide reusable user interface • Allow creating a consistent layout for the pages in your application • Can be set either at the design or programmatically

  7. Master Pages • Master Pagesstart with the @Masterdirective • Almost the same attributes as the @Page directive • MasterPages can contain: • Markup for the page(<html>,<body>, …) • Standard contents (HTML, ASP.NET controls) • <asp:ContentPlaceHolder>controls which can be replaced in the Content Pages

  8. Content Pages • Content Pages derive the entire content and logic from their master page • Use the @Page directive with MasterPageFile attribute pointing to the Master Page • Replace a <asp:ContentPlaceHolder> from the master page by usingthe <asp:Content>control • Set theContentPlaceHolderIDproperty • Points tothe ContentPlaceHolderfrom theMaster Pagewhich content we want to replace

  9. Master andContent Pages – Mechanics Default.aspx(content page) Site.master <%@ Master %> <%@ Page MasterPageFile= "~/Site.master" %> Header Navigation <asp:ContentPlaceHolder ID="MainContent"> Here we put the default content </asp:ContentPlaceHolder> <asp:Content ContentPlaceHolderID "MainContent"> Here we put the contents with which we want to replace the default ones </asp:content> Footer

  10. Using Master Pages Live Demo

  11. Master andContent Pages –Advanced • We can change theMasterPageat runtime in the code-behind • We can also select theMasterPageaccording to the browser type Page.MasterPageFile = "~/SiteLayout.master"; <%@ Page Language="C#" ie:MasterPageFile="~/IESiteLayout.master" mozilla:MasterPageFile="~/FFSiteLayout.master" %>

  12. Nested Master Pages • Master pages can be nested, with one master page referencing another as its master • Nested Master Pages allow creating componentized MasterPages • A child master page has the file name extension .master, as any master page <% @Master Language="C#" %> // Parent Master Page <asp:ContentPlaceHolder ID="MainContent" runat="server" /> <% @Master Language="C#" MasterPageFile="~/Parent.master"%> <asp:Content ID="Menu" ContentPlaceholderID="MainContent" runat="server"> <asp:ContentPlaceHolder ID="LeftMenu" runat="server" /> <asp:ContentPlaceHolder ID="TopMenu" runat="server" /> </asp:Content> // Child Master Page

  13. ASP.NET User Controls

  14. User Controls • User controls are reusable UI components used in ASP.NET Web Forms applications • User controls derive fromTemplateControl • Similar to a Web form • HaveHTML andCodeBehind • Allow developers to create their own controls with own UI and custom behavior

  15. User Controls (2) • To add aUser Control

  16. User Controls (3) • A WebUserControl: • AnASP.NET page that can be nested in anotherASP.NET page • A server component which offers a user interface and attached logics • Can be shared by the pages of an application • Cannot be viewed directly in a browser • Has acode-behind class

  17. User Controls (4) • Differs from custom server controls • Custom controls are advanced and beyond the scope of the course • Consists of HTML and code • Doesn’t contain<head>, <body>and<form>HTML tags • Uses @Controlinstead of@Page

  18. User Controls – Advantages • Independent • Use separate namespaces for the variables • Avoid name collisions with the names of methods and properties of the page • Reusable • User controls can be used more than once on a single page • No conflicts with properties and methods • Language neutrality • User controls can be written in a language different of the one used in the page

  19. Sharing of User Controls • User controls can be used throughout an application • Cannot be shared between two Web applications • Except by thecopy&paste "approach"  • Another approach is to create aWeb custom control • Everything is manually written

  20. Using User Controls • A user control can be added to eachASP.NET Web form • The form is called "host" • The form adds the control by using the @Registerdirective • TagNamedefines the name used by tags that will insert an instance of the control • Srcis the path to the user control <%@ Register TagPrefix="demo" TagName="SomeName" Src="NumberBox.ascx"%>

  21. User Controls Live Demo

  22. Site Navigation

  23. Site Navigation • Site maps and navigation controls provide an easy way to create navigation in ASP.NET • Site Map • Describes the logical structure of a site • Built in support for XML Site Map • Object model • Programming API for accessing the Site Map • SiteMapDataSource • Used for data binding

  24. What is Site Map? • Site Map – a way to describe and store the logical structure of the site • A tree-like data structure • Visual Studio supports Site Maps stored in XML files • To use another storage mechanism you must use a custom SiteMapProvider

  25. XML Site Map • Create an XML file named Web.sitemapin the application root • Automatically detected by the default ASP.NET SiteMapProvider • Add a siteMapNode element for each page in your Web site • Nest siteMapNode elements to create a hierarchy • Should have only one root siteMapNode element

  26. XMLSiteMapProvider – Example <siteMap> <siteMapNode title="Home" description="Home" url="~/Default.aspx"> <siteMapNode title="Products" description= "Our products" url="~/Products.aspx"> <siteMapNode title="Hardware" description= "Hardwarechoices" url="~/Hardware.aspx" /> <siteMapNode title="Software" description= "Software choices" url="~/Software.aspx" /> </siteMapNode> … </siteMap>

  27. siteMapNode Attributes • Title– a friendly name of the node (page) • Description– used as a tool tip description in Site Map controls • URL– the URL of the page • Usually starting with "~/" meaning the application root

  28. SiteNavigation (2) • Site Map Controls • Menu • TreeView • SiteMapPath

  29. Site Navigation (3)

  30. Menu Control • The <asp:Menu> is a fully functional menu • We can change every visual aspect of the control • Images, effects, direction… • Two modes • Static – all of the menu is visible • Dynamic – visible only when the mouse pointer is over some of the MenuItem-s

  31. Menu Control (2) • StaticDisplayLevels • The number of statically displayed levels starting from the root • MaximumDynamicDisplay • The number of dynamically displayed levels after the last of the static ones • Element onclick()event • Navigation to another page • Postback to the same page

  32. TreeView control • TreeView is a control used to display data in a hierarchical view • Supports settings for various images and visual adjustments • Supports navigation andpostback • We can create nodes at design time or through code • We can fill the nodes on demand(when there is lots of data) • Used together with SiteMapDataSource

  33. SiteMapPath Control • Allows the user to see where he is in the site hierarchy • Displayed in a straightforward fashion • We can set: • PathDirection– RootToCurrentand CurrentToRoot • PathSeparator– a separator between the levels in the hierarchy • ParentLevelsDisplayed– how many parent elements to display

  34. SiteMapDataSource • SiteMapPathhas integrated support for Site Map • When displaying Site Map information in any of them you a SiteMapDataSourceobject is used • First drop one on the page • Set the DataSourceIDproperty of the bound control to point to the SiteMapDataSource

  35. Navigation Controls Live Demo

  36. Localization

  37. What is Localization? • Localization means to display the Web site in a different way when a different culture is used • ASP.NET supports localization through resource files • They have a .resxextension • Can be edited with Visual Studio • Two ways of localization • Implicit • Explicit

  38. Resource Files • Resource files are a collection of name-value pairs • We can edit them through Visual Studio • Create a separate file for each culture you want supported • Each resource file should include the locale in its name before the .resx • ASP.NET automatically picks the resource file corresponding to the UI culture of the user

  39. Implicit Localization • Implicit localization uses a set of resource files for each page • Each file name should be: • The name of the page + .localecode+ .resx • Example: Default.aspx.bg-bg.resx • The names in the resource file correspond to the properties of controls on the page • Example: LabelPrice.Text

  40. Implicit Localization (2) • Implicit localization automatically sets the properties of controls on the page that are present in the resource file • The values are the settings for that property we want applied • We can create a resource file for ASP.NET page using [Tools]  [Generate Local Resource] • After that we copy and rename the file for each culture and change its values <asp:Label runat="server" ID="lblHelloWorld" Text="Hello" meta:resourcekey="lblHelloWorld" /> 

  41. Explicit Localization • In explicit localization we can use only a set of resource files for the whole application • We set bindings to names in the resource files manually • Use the expression property of controls <asp:Label runat="server" ID="lblHelloWorld" Text="<%$ Resources:lblHelloWorld.Text %>" Font-Names="<%$ Resources:lblHelloWorld.Font-Names %>"  oreColor="<%$ Resources:lblHelloWorld.ForeColor %>" /> 

  42. Implicit Localization Live Demo

  43. User Controls and Master Pages ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? http://academy.telerik.com

  44. Exercises • Implement a simple Web application using Master Pages. The application should be like a user profile – separate pages for Profile, Friends, Additional Info, etc. Add a site map (Web.sitemap), site path and navigation menu in the master page. • Create a user control that visualizes a menu of links. The control should have a property to initialize the menu links (a list of items, each containing a title and URL). Use DataList and data binding to visualize the menu links. Implement a property to change the font and the font color. Don’t use the Menu control! • Add to the previous application the possibility to view the Web application in Bulgarian and in English.

  45. Exercises (2) • Create a Web application with two-levels of site navigation.

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