Word order. Part of knowing what a possible sentence is knowing the right order of words/morphemes Word order differences between English and Witsuwit’en 1. In English, the verb can be followed by a prepositional phrase . In Witsuwit’en, the verb is normally the last word in the sentence.
1. In English, the verb can be followed by a prepositional phrase. In Witsuwit’en, the verb is normally the last word in the sentence.
for me you (sg.) count
2. In English, adjectives precede nouns.
In Witsuwit'en, an adjective follows a noun:
skewer by it cooked
3. In English, the possessor noun normally precedes the possessed noun.
my friend's house
but can follow the possessed noun:
the house of my friend
In Witsuwit'en, the possessor noun always precedes the possessed noun:
sq'aqhE pyX ‘my friend’s house’
my friend his/her house
4. Subject of sentence: instigates action (transitive verbs), undergoes action or state (intransitive verbs)
In both Witsuwit'en and English, subjects precede verbs:
Driftwoodis floating around.
driftwood it is floating around
(S = Subject, O = Object, V = Verb):
< Sample of 402 languages.