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5.1 discuss “Republicanism”. Defined: indirect democracy Discuss: different ideas about “republican government” Direct / Indirect. ????????????????????. When did we declare independence ? _________ When did the war end ? __________

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5.1 discuss “Republicanism”


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5 1 discuss republicanism
5.1 discuss “Republicanism”
  • Defined: indirect democracy
  • Discuss: different ideas about “republican government”

Direct / Indirect

slide2
????????????????????
  • When did we declare independence ? _________
  • When did the war end ? __________
  • When did we become officially independent ? _______
  • When did GW become our first president ? _________
define the critical period
* define : “ the critical period”

1776---------1783 -----------------1789->

consolidate and survive in the face of many problems along with a lack of experience , confidence and trust.

the patriot debate
“The Patriot” Debate

“…South Carolina is not at war”

“…and what nation is that?

“…..1 ruler 3,000 miles away or 3,000 rulers 1 mile away”

5 1 describe the articles of confederation
5.1 Describe the Articles of Confederation
  • Confederation – a loose union of strong states
  • Plan “A”

* Why did it fail?

- structure and power

- handout

* Why form it in the first place?

- past experience

5 1 id achievements of the a of c
5.1 ID achievements of the A of C
  • conducted the war
  • got the Treaty of Paris done 1783
  • passed the NW Ordinance of 1787
  • allowed for the development of state constitutions
5 1 state the importance of the 13 state constitutions
5.1 State the importance of the 13 state constitutions
  • were much more detailed than the A of C
  • Illustrated the importance of state (local) rule to the americans
  • separation of power -3 branches; including a judiciary
  • system of checks and balances
  • contained a listing of protected rights
5 2 why is shay s rebellion important
5.2 Why is Shay’s Rebellion important?
  • It (along with other problems) convinced American political leaders that the A of C gov’t had to be strengthened.

but…..

How much change?

How to change it?

  • May 1787 in Philadelphia- each state would send a delegation to work on problems and possible improvements to the A of C
  • Would become “The Constitutional Convention”
5 2 describe the cc
5.2 Describe the CC
  • Philly : May – Sept. 1787
  • purpose: to revise, improve
  • the 12/13 states sent delegates:

- who was there?- very elite group

GW, Madison, Franklin, Dickinson, Morris, Sherman, Patterson, Hamilton

- who wasn’t?

JA, SA, Patrick Henry

  • action taken:

- gag order, start from scratch

- compromise

- GW; James Madison

5 2 id the major compromises made at the constitutional convention
5.2 ID the major compromises made at the Constitutional Convention
  • state representation / voting in the National Legislature

- Bicameral: (Senate (=) and House of Representatives (%)

  • Slavery

- 3/5

  • National power over Commerce

- interstate

- foreign; tariffs

- no laws against the slave trade (20 years)

  • Presidential selection

- electoral college

* for ratification: ………..

5 3 ratification
5.3 RATIFICATION
  • Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

- 9 states to ratify

  • The Federalist Papers

- Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, James Madison

- essays ( for NY newspapers)

- remove fear, the unknown, explain

* handout

  • Anti-Federalists

- letters

- P Henry, S Adams, TJ

  • The Bill Of Rights
structure of the constitution
* Structure of the Constitution
  • Articles, Sections, Clauses

- A1,S8,c18

  • Preamble - purpose
  • A1 - Legislative
  • A2 - Executive
  • A3 - Judicial
  • A4 - Federalism
  • A5 - Amendment Process
  • A6 - Supremacy
  • A7 - Ratification
  • Amendments
id basic principles of american government
ID Basic Principles of American Government
  • Federalism
  • Separation of Powers
  • Checks & Balances
  • Judicial Review
  • Singularity
  • Supremacy
  • Popular Sovereignty
  • Flexibility

- A 10, A 9

- A1 s8 c18—”the elastic clause”

- “Inherent Powers”

- the Amendments

flexibility
FLEXIBILITY
  • A 10 – “reserved powers”
  • A 9 – expansion of the B of R
  • A1 s8 c18- “the elastic clause”
  • “Inherent Powers” of the President in A2
  • the Amendment process
  • SC rulings
amendments 27
AMENDMENTS - 27
  • 1-10 Bill of Rights
  • 13,14,15 Civil war
  • 16,17,18,19 Progressive Era(21)
  • Extension of Voting Rights – 23,24,26
  • Presidential Power / Circumstances – 20,22,25
  • 11,12, 27