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Equal Justice under the Law. 7 th Grade Civics Miss Smith *pgs. 180-183. Criminal Law. Crime- any behavior that is _______ because ______, through its gov., considers the behavior _______ to society

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equal justice under the law

Equal Justice under the Law

7th Grade Civics

Miss Smith

*pgs. 180-183

criminal law
Criminal Law
  • Crime- any behavior that is _______ because ______, through its gov., considers the behavior _______ to society
  • Criminal law- group of ____ that define what acts are _____ and how crimes should be ________
  • Criminal law keeps people from ________ laws and _______ others
civil law
Civil Law
  • Civil law- group of laws that refer to ________ between ______
  • If people cannot _____ disputes with others _________, they go to court to ______ it
    • A judge and maybe a jury will ______ to the case
    • Ex: _____ ____
  • Civil laws settle ________ issues such as:
    • ________ disputes
    • _______ proceedings
    • Property __________
sources of law
Sources of Law
  • ________ law
  • ______ law
  • ______________ law
  • ________ law
  • ___________ law
statutory law
Statutory Law
  • Laws that are passed by _________ bodies
  • ________ and state and local govs. pass these laws
  • Represent what the ________ of ________ believe to be right or wrong
  • These laws can _____ to the countries _____
  • Most ________ laws and many _____ laws are statutes
common law
Common Law
  • Common law- type of law that comes from _______ decisions
    • Based on _______, __________, common _____, and cases that have been decided before
  • _________- earlier decision
    • Common law is based on _________
administrative law
Administrative Law
  • Laws created by ___________ ________
  • Cover many areas of daily life, such as:
    • _____ safety
    • ________
    • _______
  • Can you remember some examples from the Independent Agencies and Regulatory Commission lesson?
military law
Military Law
  • Governs the behavior of members of the _____ ______
  • The _______ Code of Military Justice
    • The ________ of military law
    • Includes laws that are similar to _______ laws
    • Includes laws specific to the ________, such as:
      • Desertion, treatment of _________, military _____ process
constitutional law
Constitutional Law
  • Based on the U.S. ____________ and on the _______ Court decisions interpreting the Constitution
  • Ex: Gideon v. Wainwright- Supreme Court cases that resulted in the requirement of ____ _____ ___ to those defendants who cannot ______ to pay for legal _____________
the roles of the courts
The Roles of the Courts
  • In _______ cases, disputes are between _______ and an individual
  • In criminal cases, the person accused of the crime (the _________) has certain rights, such as:
    • Right to an ________
    • Right to ________ the accuser
    • Right to a jury _____
the roles of the courts1
The Roles of the Courts
  • The defendant is always presumed ________
    • The person bringing the charges (the ___________ or _________) must prove “beyond a _________ doubt” that the defendant is guilty
  • People convicted of crimes can ______ the decision
    • Appeal- process of asking for a ______ of the court’s ________
  • In a _____ dispute, both sides have attorneys or may represent ___________
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