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VSO’s Experience so far on Value for Money. Sara Cottingham, Deputy Policy Director BOND 3 rd February 2011. Why Value for Money?. Overall Framework for VfM . Development Outcomes for poor and marginalised women and men - quantifying quality, estimating direct ‘beneficiaries’ reached

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vso s experience so far on value for money

VSO’s Experience so far on Value for Money

Sara Cottingham, Deputy Policy Director

BOND 3rd February 2011

overall framework for vfm
Overall Framework for VfM
  • Development Outcomes for poor and marginalised women and men - quantifying quality, estimating direct ‘beneficiaries’ reached
  • Investment for Results – processes for decision making e.g. participatory programme reviews, quality framework, portfolio review
  • Efficiency – fiduciary risk in operational practices (e.g. procurement), % overheads
quantifying quality advocacy success scale for use with partners
Quantifying Quality - Advocacy success scale for use with partners
  • Identifying the issue 2. Research conducted

3. Strategy developed 4. Issue in public domain

5. Policy makers agree need to address issue

6. Policy change/blocks to effective

implementation removed 7. Policy change

Implemented 8. M&E - is it positively impacting on primary stakeholders (beneficiaries)

vfm analysis approaches tried so far
VfM Analysis: approaches tried so far

1. Social Return on Investment – 2 studies by New Economics Foundation

What worked well – shared values, beneficiary and stakeholder participation, attribution

Challenges - partners cannot be forced to implement, 44 countries, 1,700 partners too complex for SROI, valuable for long term tracking

2 case study approach
2. Case study approach

Rwanda Disability Programme

  • In 2009/10 - 17 international volunteers and programme spend of £121,803 contributed to:
  • 11 National Disabled People’s Organisations to improve their capacity to :
  • Represent disabled people in rural areas and of disabled women,
  • Having a good governance, leadership and transparency,
  • Providee improved services to their members
  • A Disability Programme has been developed and disabled people have been recognised as one of the 4 priority groups in the Social Protection Strategy,

DIRECT REACH:(disabled people members of the 11 DPOs) - 35,950

  • Disabled People reached through policy change- 617,002
ethiopia education programme
Ethiopia Education programme
  • In 2009/10 - 120 International Volunteers and programme spend of £294,448contributed to:
  • 7 Regional Education Bureaus improved capacity to deliver in-service teacher training programmes resulting in:

- improved classroom learning-teaching

- school environment conducive to learning and involving the community in their School Improvement Programmes

- Building of segregated latrines

  • 33 Colleges of Teacher Education improved capacity to roll out Continuous Professional Development in schools

- 1871 primary school teachers (356 females) trained and improved skills and 62,530 students (30,795 females) registered in their schools directly benefiting

- Primary schools demonstrate more participatory teaching methods

- Teachers solve classroom management-related issues and needs of students

- Improved IT capacity

DIRECT REACH: 3,721 schools, 49,277 teachers, 2,021,855 children (981,664 girls) and 104,802 teacher trainees

case studies
Case studies
  • What worked well – clear, easy to communicate, data base formed
  • Challenges – no cost comparators (as yet), how to factor in scale
3 how does vso work through the value chain
3. How does VSO work through the Value Chain?

Economy: Costs into Inputs

e.g. “costs of recruiting and training a long-term volunteer and supporting them overseas are around £7,500 per year, this compares favourably with the average costs of a consultant at £10,000 per month (based on £500/day) as well as with the average costs of an international aid worker whose salary would be £2,500 per month (conservatively based on £30,000pa). For this sum (with a local wage often provided by the partner organisation), partners have access to long term technical expertise, training, mentoring, and other support as required.” (PPA evaluation).The 2010 external evaluation of the human resources element of the Malawi health sector programme (SWAP) found VSO volunteers to be cost effective when compared to other volunteers in similar roles

efficiency inputs into outputs
Efficiency: Inputs into Outputs
  • VSO evaluates its outputs against its progress towards partner and programme and corporate objectives corresponding to its Theory of Change: Individuals empowered , civil society strengthened, basic services are better quality and more inclusive, pro poor policies progressed
3 effectiveness outputs into outcomes
3. Effectiveness: Outputs into Outcomes

Where Outcomes are defined as changes for poor women and men – the ultimate beneficiaries

VSO claims a contribution towards outcomes but

Does not claim attributionnor does it want to!

Direct beneficiaries reached participate through

focus groups and nos. are estimated by partners .

starting to link the value c hain
Starting to link the Value Chain

What could go well - potential of Value Chain for

analysis of approaches to development, to involve

both volunteers and partners, and to be realistic, to be used at different levels

Challenges – Needs more research and thinking to complete and systematise at national (back to case studies) and thematic levels

  • Difficult to compare operational costs across countries
  • Attribution for a capacity building agency
  • Numbers trump quality
  • No unit costs as yet
  • Multiple not single interventions by VSO
  • No comparators, and are they desirable?
  • Too many definitions of terms