Unit 10 Straight-A Illiteracy James P. Degnan. The Author ’ s Message. Make you writing clean , clear and concise by avoiding high-sounding, elevated language. Criteria of Good Writing. Accuracy Brevity Clarity. Quotations on conciseness .
-- H.G. Wells (1866-1946)
H.G. Wells (1866-1946)
earliest products of the new genre of science fiction. (e.g. The
Time Machine, The First Men in the Moon. A Modern Utopia )
the time to make it shorter. – Pascal (Provincial Letters (1657)
Blaise Pascal (1623-62)
Hugh Henry Brackenbridge (1748-1816)
installment from 1792-1815, giving a good description
of men and manners during the early days of the
American republic and manifesting Brackenbridge
allegiance to the robust tradition of the English novel
in Smollett and Fielding)
fewer the words, the greater the profit.
-- George Orwell
– Professor Harold Laski
(Essay in Freedom of Expression)
- endeavor (attempt, try)
- repercussions (results / effects)
- transmit (send)
- materialize ( happen, occur)
- terminate (end) …etc.
crediting…(or: According to
your wishes, we…
at an early date
receipt of the book
of your favour
- to fuss and bother about sth.
- to make a fuss of sb.:to pay a lot of attention to sb. e.g.
- to fuss over sb./sth.: to pay too much attention or worry about them too much e.g.
plight:difficult situation, full of problems
as often as not: in roughly half the instances 多半/往往
at least half the time; frequently
pry:try to find out about sb. else’ private affairs
probe: ask questions; make inquiries into; try to find out
exogenous:growing or originating from outside
be contingent upon: depend upon/be decided by
co efficient: (math)系数 e.g. 4x
decode: to decode a telegram/a message:
to change it into ordinary language
fellowship: money given to postgraduate students to allow
them to continue their studies at an advanced level
gibberish: unintelligible or meaningless speech, nonsense. i.e.
containing many obscure, pretentious, or technical words;
meaningless or unintelligible
providential: (formal) lucky because it happens at the right time, but without being planned (天缘巧合的、适时的）- A providential wind carried the raft to the shore.
- to trust in divine providence相信上帝
TV until the material improves.
entrepreneur: a person who undertakes an enterprise or
business with the chance of profit of loss
filter: a porous device for removing impurities or solid particles
from a liquid of gas passed through it
grapple with: a. to fight/struggle with sb. usu. with one’s hands
b. to struggle with/deal with (a difficulty)
in the tax laws.
exiling him. (forcing him to leave the homeland)
deport: official sending away of someone who is not a citizen
country because he has committed a crime or has no official
permission to stay.
eject: a. to push, send sth. out, usu. with force
b. to eject sb. from a place, to force him to leave
b. unable to understand/appreciate
eg. a cursory glance/examination; that is, a brief one, not pay
attention to details
bear out: to support (sb. or the truth of what sb. says)
b. to help sb. to continue living in a time of trouble
stagnant:business/society/economy stagnant 社会/经济/生意惨淡
secluded: quiet, private, undisturbed
catch out: (not formal)
prepared. (to discover one unable to answer) 难倒你
you can catch him out. (找他的破绽)