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Enhancing Learning with Social Software Podcasts & Wikis & Blogs… Oh My! Susan Connell & Jerry Marino Edited by Minjuan Wang What is Social Software (1)? Computer-mediated communication Web 2.0 Web is 2-way medium, interactive by nature Everyone is a publisher and a contributor

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enhancing learning with social software

Enhancing Learning with Social Software

Podcasts & Wikis & Blogs… Oh My!

Susan Connell & Jerry Marino

Edited by Minjuan Wang

what is social software 1
What is Social Software (1)?
  • Computer-mediated communication
  • Web 2.0
  • Web is 2-way medium, interactive by nature
    • Everyone is a publisher and a contributor
    • Gives added dimensions to instruction, learning, and performance
essence of web 2 0
Essence of Web 2.0
  • Not really new technology
  • New way to perceive & use the web
    • Ubiquitous access with new devices
    • New tools & desktop-akin interaction facilities
    • Information & (web) services
  • Architecture of participation

B.J. Krämer • eLearning R&D‘08


social networking
Social Networking

Term Network of Social Relations first coined by John Barnes in 1954

Social network: social structure made of nodes (individuals or organizations) tied by relationships representing

a tangle of interactions, e.g., an acquaintance network (sociology)

an association of interest groups (economy)

a network of friends or like-minded (Web 2.0: MySpace, Piczo, ...

B.J. Krämer • eLearning R&D‘08

quality of relationships in social networks
Quality of Relationships in Social Networks


Trust, advice, resources, services, …

Business, politics

Loose organization, shared interest, targeted cooperation

B.J. Krämer • eLearning R&D‘08

what is social software 2
What is Social Software (2)?
  • Enables people to connect & collaborate
  • Facilitates formation of online communities
  • Variety of interactions, user-created content:
    • 1-to-1 (Chat, Instant Message, E-mail)
    • 1-to-many (Blogs, Podcasts)
    • Many-to-many (Wikis, Discussions)
types of social software
Instant Messaging(IM)

Blogs/Weblogs (Blogger)


Internet Chat(Breeze)


Forums (BB Discussion)

Social network services (Meetup)

Social guides

Social bookmarks (Furl)

Social citations (CiteULike)

Social Libraries (Folksonomy)

Social Shopping (eBay)

Peer-to-peer social networks (Limewire, Napster)

Collaborative real-time editing (Writely)

Virtual presence (MySpace)

Virtual worlds and Massively-Multiplayer Online Games (MMOGs)

Other Specialized Apps

Types of Social Software
technolust dodge 200 6
Technolust (Dodge, 2006)
  • Tendency to lunge after every cool new technology
  • Temporary insanity, blindness
  • Excitement, then disappointment


what is a blog
What is a Blog?
  • Website where regular entries are made in reverse chronological order
  • Online journal or diary
  • Typically offers commentary or a particular subject or theme (politics, travel, profession)
  • Can include images & links to other sites or other places within the blog
  • May allow reader comments/discussion
types of blogs
Types of Blogs
  • Personal(http://webquest.org/bdodge/ • http://blog.online-edu.org/minjuan/ )
  • Topical(http://dailykos.com/ • http://chronicle.com/news/ • http://gizmodo.com/)
  • News(http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6210240/ • http://blogs.guardian.co.uk/news/)
  • Collaborative (also known as collective or group) (http://educational.blogs.com/edbloggerpraxis/collaborative_blog/index.html)
  • Directory Blogs
    • collections of numerous of web sites with interesting content in an easy to use and constantly updated format
  • Corporate/Marketing/Advertising(http://www.boeing.com/randy/ • http://www.microsoft.com/Communities/blogs/)
  • Advice(http://elsaelsa.com/ • http://www.pfadvice.com/ )
  • Plogs- Personalized blog based on reader’s interest
amazon plog
Amazon Plog
  • http://www.amazon.com/gp/help/customer/display.html/002-9891416-3748056?ie=UTF8&nodeId=16385881
    • authors of books you have purchased on Amazon
    • discover products that have just been released, track changes to your orders and much more.
blog affordances dodge 2005
Blog Affordances (Dodge, 2005)
  • Easy publishing
  • Self-expression
  • Personality
  • Audience
  • Peer feedback
  • Community of learners
  • Chronology
  • Reflection
  • Reduce transactional distance (Saba, 1988)
uses of blogs in teaching 1
Uses of Blogs in Teaching (1)

Design ideas for teaching

  • Learning Journals
  • Collaboration with teams or distant classrooms
  • Role playing
  • Topical information sharing
uses of blogs in teaching 2
Uses of Blogs in Teaching (2)
  • Facilitate critical thinking and knowledge construction
  • Component for formal and informal learning
  • Take a critical and reflective stance
  • Develop writing and communication skills
  • Develop both autonomy and community
what is a wiki
What is a Wiki?
  • Type of website that allows users to add, remove & edit content,
  • Derived from Hawaiian term for “quick,” also interpreted as acronym “What IKnow Is…”
  • Simplifies creation of HTML pages to facilitate collaboration
  • Ideal for hierarchical information
  • Incorporates internal & external links and indexing functions
  • Can include graphics
  • See Wikipedia.org and wikiindex.com
wiki software
Wiki Software
  • Free & fee providers
  • Use your server or theirs; web or intranet
  • Public or password-protected
  • Examples:
    • Wikispaces.com
    • Seedwiki.com
    • JotSpot.com
    • Pbwiki.com
    • OddWiki
wiki examples
Wiki: Examples
  • Wikispaces:


  • Best Educational Wikis of 2009


wikispaces private label bridges cultures
Wikispaces Private Label Bridges Cultures
  • http://www.wikispaces.com/site/privatelabel/case-study-bridge

The BRIDGE Project, an intercultural project between Australia and Indonesia, uses Wikispaces Private Label to bridge cultural divides and foster communication among educators in the two countries. 

use wiki to collaborate on projects
Use Wiki to Collaborate on Projects
  • How to teach large online classes


  • A wiki from our Games & Simulation class:


  • An ITS summer project on evaluation tools:


wikis affordances dodge 2005
Wikis Affordances (Dodge, 2005)
  • Easy publishing
  • Collaboration
  • Peer feedback
  • Editing / Refinement / Clarification
  • Organizing & chunking
  • Objectivity
  • Specialized Knowledgebases
uses of wikis in teaching
Uses of Wikis in Teaching
  • Collaborative Documents
  • Micropedias: focused reference
  • Individual or collective knowledge management
  • Branching Stories
  • Exegesis
  • Learning Management Lite: post assignments, feedback, peer review
instant messaging chat
Instant Messaging & Chat
  • Informal communication
  • Peer-to-peer or small group
  • Can include video
  • Examples:
    • AOL AIM
    • MSM Messenger
    • Yahoo Messenger
    • iChat
im as a collaboration tool
IM as a Collaboration Tool
  • Expedites short informal communication
  • Team-building
  • Collaborative aid for teams that may be in disparate locations
  • Component of collaborative tools such as Breeze or WebEx
im chat affordances
IM/Chat Affordances
  • Collaborative development
  • Instant feedback
  • Supports learning and coaching initiatives
what is podcasting
What is Podcasting?
  • Digital recording …
  • Made available on the Internet for downloading to a portable audio player or PC with Podcast client (e.g. iTunes)
  • Programs can be downloaded manually or automatically whenever there is a new episode via RSS (Really Simple Syndication)
  • Downloads can be played, replayed, archived
podcasting affordances dodge 2005
Podcasting Affordances (Dodge, 2005)
  • Self-expression
  • Collaboration
  • Personality
  • Sense of audience
  • An actual audience
  • Planfulness
  • Ubiquitous learning
podcasting and pedagogy 1
Podcasting and Pedagogy (1)
  • Record lectures or supplementary material for time-shifted listening/viewing
  • Audio references (recordings of noteworthy speeches, conferences, bird calls, etc.)
  • Guest Lectures/Interviews
podcasting and pedagogy 2
Podcasting and Pedagogy (2)

Possible student activities:

  • ????????
  • Soundscapes
  • Magazines, Radio Shows
  • Re-enactment, role playing
  • Interviews: experts, topics, man-on-the-street
  • Use in conjunction with blogs to afford feedback
legal implications of social software wang 2006
Legal Implications of Social Software (Wang, 2006)
  • Defamation
  • Intellectual Property (Copyright/Trademark)
  • Trade Secret
  • Right of Publicity
  • Publication of Private Facts
  • Intrusion into Seclusion
why use social software
Why Use Social Software?
  • Aid to collaboration
  • Foster team-building
  • Facilitate knowledge management
  • Address various learning styles
  • Enhance knowledge transfer
  • Time-shift content
  • Encourage participation from those with language limitations or other issues
  • Cultivate use of new technologies used in modern personal and business communication