RISK MANAGEMENT: Teaching, Facilities, Equipment PHED 2017 INQUIRY
RISK – Its not the circumstance, it’s your reaction to the circumstance!
PLANNING.... • Your best defense against any unforeseen circumstance! • Your lesson planning should include • Inspection of gym • Inspection of equipment • Safety procedures for student - equipment handling, body control, rules/routines • Safety procedures for teacher – instruction, rules/routines – REMIND, REMIND, ENFORCE!!! • KNOW your responsibilities!!!
OVERVIEW Education Act, subsection 264 Ontario College of Teachers Board of Education Ontario Physical Education Safety Guidelines Legal Liability & Risk Management Principles (Chapter 9)
Duty of Care - OCT http://www.oct.ca/publications/professionally_speaking/december_1998/duty.htm
Physical Education Safety Guidelines • WHO? – OPHEA, OSBIE, OASPHE, CIRA, OFSAA • WHAT? – 6 documents: • Elementary Curricular • Elementary Intramural • Elementary Interschool • Secondary Curricular • Secondary Intramural • Secondary Interschool
PE & Safety Guidelines: Identify the safety procedures for all sports and activities permitted in schools These safety requirements are used as provincial standards & are used as a bench mark in court cases. Your Board may have further, more strict safety procedures in place. BE INFORMED!!! Examples of unacceptable activities
HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES: Skiing & snowboarding Snowblading and snow tubing Snow/ice sliding Skating Swimming Climbing walls/rapelling YOUR Board will have additional guidelines regarding these activities, in some cases these activities are prohibited!
Components of each Guideline: • Equipment • Clothing & footwear • Facilities • Special rules/instructions • Supervision • Note: • Primary – grades 1-3 • Junior – grades 4-6 • Intermediate – grades 7-8
EQUIPMENT Size, mass and strength appropriate Condition – e.g. Cracks, ball inflation, sharp edges, etc. No home-made equipment Helmets – ice hockey, cycling (alpine skiing & snowboarding coming in 2009) Student responsibilities
CLOTHING & FOOTWEAR Hair, jewellery, glasses, footwear Uniforms? Religious beliefs?
FACILITIES Visual inspection Regular third party inspection Walls, stages, playing fields
SPECIAL RULES/INSTRUCTIONS Warm ups/cool downs Skill progressions Outdoor precautions (temperature, sun, insects, severe weather) Fluid replacement Special needs NO blind folds while moving Avoid walking/running backwards
SUPERVISION “vigilant overseeing of an activity for regulation or direction” Supervisor is defined as a teacher, principal or vice-principal, NOT a volunteer (e.g. parent, EA, co-op student, etc.)
SUPERVISION • “CONSTANT VISUAL” – teacher is physically present, watching the ONE activity • “ON-SITE” – teacher is present but not necessarily viewing one specific activity • “IN-THE-AREA” – teacher is readily accessible (e.g. circulating, visible, or known location)
SUPERVISION Rules & routines – establish early and constantly reinforce! Vigilant observation!
INAPPROPRIATE ACTIVITIES FOR ELEMENTARY • Softball (fast pitch)/baseball • Canoe tripping, dragon boating • Tackle football; tackle rugby • Above ground trampolines • Ice hockey; ringette • Rock climbing (bouldering OK) • Sailing, squash • Winter tent camping • Discus, javelin, hurdles, pole vault • White water canoeing/kayaking/rafting
For Wednesday: • Read Chapter 9 – Legal Liability & Risk Management • Answer # 2 on page 179 with regard to: • Duty • Breach of Duty • Injury • Proximate Cause