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AGEE/APELL Consultative Meetings 13-16 May 2003 Geneva Fritz Balkau UNEP, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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AWARENESS AND PREPAREDNESS FOR EMERGENCIES AT LOCAL LEVEL. COORDINATED DISASTER PREPAREDNESS APELL WORLDWIDE. AGEE/APELL Consultative Meetings 13-16 May 2003 Geneva Fritz Balkau UNEP, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics - Paris. Public awareness and preparedness. APELL is

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AWARENESS AND PREPAREDNESS FOR

EMERGENCIES AT LOCAL LEVEL

COORDINATED DISASTER PREPAREDNESS

APELL WORLDWIDE

AGEE/APELL Consultative Meetings13-16 May 2003Geneva

Fritz BalkauUNEP, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics - Paris


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Public awareness and preparedness

APELL is

- a multi-stakeholder process that establishes adequate coordination and communication in situations where the public might be affected by accidents and disasters

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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APELL achieves

  • hazard identification

  • early warning

  • risk reduction/prevention

  • preparedness measures

  • more effective response measures (reduced impact in case of accident)

  • post-accident arrangements

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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APELL is applicable to all hazards

  • industrial risk

  • transport

  • natural hazards

  • urban disasters

    All hazards where communities need to be prepared !

AGEE/APELL May 2003May 2003


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INTEGRATED COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN

Industry

APELL PROCESS

APELL partners promote the local application

Community

Local Government

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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APELL is local level process

  • local ownership

  • local decisions

  • local partners

  • But also relies on national support

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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Programme to promote APELL

  • launched in1988, centre is based in Paris

  • application in countries, local communities

  • co-operation with:

    • industry - ICCA, ICMM,..

    • governments - US, Sweden, India

    • international bodies - OECD, EC, ECE, OCHA, WHO, IMO

  • undertakes - assistance, promotion, networking

  • monitors progress, discusses results

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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Aplication Worldwide

  • Bahia Blanca - Argentina

  • Sao Sebastiao - Brazil

  • Ecopetrol - Colombia

  • Thailand - IEAT

  • Croatia

  • Egypt

  • Barents Sea

  • India

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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But… APELL is not yet everywhere

  • Examine the following slides

  • What could have been gained if:

  • local people had understood the risks ?

  • local people had acted appropriately during the event ?

  • the emergency services had been better co-ordinated ?

  • there had been a public emergency plan ?

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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The Toulouse Accident

Fertiliser factory explosion - 21 September 2001

31 people died >3,000 people injured

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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The Baia Mare Accident

Minesite spill - 30 January 2000

50-100 tons of cyanide were released

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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The Nigeria Pipeline Accident

17 October 1998 650 people died

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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The Lagos Accident

Munitions explosion - 27 January 2002

>2,000 died >2,000 injured

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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The Payatas Accident

Garbage dump collapsed - 11 July 2000

200 people died

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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.

The Izmit Earthquake

Earthquake - 17 August 1999

> 14,000 people died > 27,000 people injured

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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.

Thailand - acrylonitrile spill

Transport accident - September 2001

pollution of waterways, toxic danger to residents

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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Some UNEP work in 2002

  • liaison with international emergency agencies

  • country seminars in China, Brazil, India, Egypt

  • establishing APELL Centre in India, Brazil

  • input to OECD Guiding Principles and SEVESO II

  • dialogue with chemicals, mining, fertiliser industry

  • promotion of APELL in Mining

  • regional APELL network - LAC

  • maintain information service

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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APELL in 2003-5

  • provide global service of information & awareness

  • assist with national/sectoral APELL strategies

  • sponsor demonstrations and training

  • APELL implementation through regional networks and centres, and other instruments and partners

  • evolve the APELL concept for future

  • expand/revise APELL tools and guidelines

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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Summary

  • APELL could prevent or lessen impacts

  • APELL is valid for all hazards, in all countries

  • some countries and industries are taking action

  • but, more still needs to be done

  • global APELL partnership can assist those wanting to implement or promote emergency prevention and preparedness

  • but, APELL partnership needs to be expanded still

AGEE/APELL May 2003


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APELL Website

www.uneptie.org/pc/apell

AGEE/APELL May 2003