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Poverty and Low Income in North Dakota Dr. Richard Rathge Professor and Director North Dakota State Data Center Horizons Workshop Bismarck, ND May 27, 2009 Presentation Objective: 1. Brief demographic overview for context 2. How is poverty defined?

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poverty and low income in north dakota
Poverty and Low Income in North Dakota

Dr. Richard Rathge

Professor and Director

North Dakota State Data Center

Horizons Workshop

Bismarck, ND

May 27, 2009

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

presentation objective
Presentation Objective:

1. Brief demographic overview for context

2. How is poverty defined?

3. Review latest data on poverty and low income

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

population
Population
  • North Dakota’s population peaked in 1930 at 680,845.
  • The July 1, 2008 population estimate for North Dakota totaled 641,481, an increase of 3,577 persons from 2007.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census and the Population Estimates Branch, http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php

North Dakota State University, IACC Building, Room 424, Fargo, ND 58105 - Phone: (701) 231-8621 - URL: http://www.ndsu.edu/sdc

slide4
North Dakota State University, IACC Building, Room 424, Fargo, ND 58105 - Phone: (701) 231-8621 - URL: http://www.ndsu.edu/sdc
slide5

N.D. Rural-Urban Population Distribution, 1900-2020

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Decennial Censuses.

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

north dakota city size 2000
North Dakota City Size: 2000

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000.

Chart taken from the May 2002 Issue of the Population Bulletin, published monthly by the North Dakota State Data Center (Vol. 18, No. 5).

population density
Population Density

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

percent change in persons 2000 to 2010 2000 to 2020 source u s census bureau
PERCENT CHANGE IN PERSONS:2000 to 2010 & 2000 to 2020(Source: U.S. Census Bureau)

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

slide9

Baby Boomers enter system

1.825 million/yr or 5,000 a day (on average)

Baby Boomers enter age 85

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

Source: Older Americans 2004

presentation objective10
Presentation Objective:

1. Brief demographic overview for context

2. How is poverty defined?

3. Review latest data on poverty and low income

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

what is poverty
What is poverty?

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

poverty levels in 2009
Poverty levels in 2009

Annual incomes by household size

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

minimum wage in 2009
Minimum wage in 2009

Full-time,

Year round

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

households with one person
Households with one person

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

two person households
Two person households

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

three person households
Three person households

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

presentation objective22
Presentation Objective:

1. Brief demographic overview for context

2. How is poverty defined?

3. Review latest data on poverty and low income

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

slide25

Percent of Persons Living in Poverty in North Dakota, 1993 to 2007

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

slide27

Percent of Persons Living in Poverty in North Dakota Counties, 2007

Source: US Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates Program

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

poverty
Poverty

North Dakota Poverty Rates by Characteristic: 2000 and 2007

percent of children under 18 years in poverty 2007
Percent Of Children Under 18 Years In Poverty, 2007

Source: KIDS COUNT Data Center, http://www.kidscount.org/datacenter/

slide32

Analysis: K.M. Johnson, Carsey Institute, Univ. of New Hampshire,

W. O’Hare, Annie. E. Casey Foundation

percent of all children living in extreme poverty by age 2005 2007
Percent of All Children Living in Extreme Poverty By Age, 2005-2007

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

percent of children living in low income households by age 2005 07
Percent of Children Living in Low-Income Households by Age, 2005-07

Low-income = less than 150% of poverty level

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

percent of children in poverty by race 2005 2007
Percent of children in poverty by race, 2005-2007

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

percent of all children in poverty by family type 2005 2007
Percent of all children in poverty by family type, 2005-2007

North Dakota KIDS COUNT www.ndkidscount.org

slide41

Federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

Participants, FY 2002-2008: North Dakota and U.S.

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

slide42

Proportion of Children Receiving Free or Reduced Price Lunch, 1994-2006

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009

horizon s presentation 2009
Horizon’s Presentation 2009
  • Dr. Richard Rathge, Director
    • North Dakota State Data Center, Fargo, ND NDSU, IACC 424, Dept. 8000, PO Box 6050
    • Fargo, ND 58108-6050
    • Richard.Rathge@ndsu.edu
    • Phone: (701) 231-8621 Fax: (701) 231-9730
    • URL: www.ndsu.edu/sdc

Prepared by the North Dakota State Data Center May 2009