Presents What is Cricket? http://www.clubs.psu.edu/up/pscc
Outline • Brief History of the Game of Cricket • Cricket in America • What is Cricket? • Bowling and Batting • Cricket @ Penn State • Let’s Play!
History of Cricket • Early Cricket : 1500 – 1600 • Modern Cricket : 1700 – 1800 • Developed as a team sport • Only Sport played under Laws • First international cricket in North America in 1844 • USA vs Canada annual cricket match • Current Day Cricket : 20th century and beyond • Formation of the International Cricket Council • 10 Full members and 86 Associate and Affiliate Members
Cricketing Nations New Zealand India Pakistan Australia England South Africa West Indies Sri Lanka Zimbabwe Bangladesh
Cricket in America • 1700s – First cricket clubs established • First international cricket in North America in 1844 • USA vs Canada annual cricket match in Bloomingdale Park in NY. (Attended by 10,000 spectators) • Decline in the 20th century – Advent of Baseball • Rediscovery of American Cricket in 1970s • Growth in cricket-loving immigrant population • USA is currently an Associate member of ICC
What is Cricket? • The Basics • Two teams of 11 players each • Two bases (wickets) sixty feet apart in the middle of the field • Two formats • Test cricket (5 days) – 2 innings per side (one innings is 10 outs) • One day – 1 inning per side (one innings is 10 outs or when maximum pitches have been thrown) • Team scoring more runs wins
What is Cricket? • Progress of Play • Captains toss to decide to field or bat • The fielding team of 11 takes the field • Wicketkeeper (catcher) is allowed to wear protective gear • Two batsman (batters) are sent in, one for each base • Bowler (pitcher) bowls (pitches) from one wicket (base) to the other • After 6 balls (pitches), catcher moves behind the first pitcher’s base and another bowler makes 6 pitches from the opposite end. Each set of 6 pitches is called an over.
What is Cricket? • Batting and Scoring Runs • The batsman (batter) can hit in any direction and can run when he chooses to. • A batsman can score by hitting the ball and running safely between the two wickets (bases) • Once across (from one base to the other) is one run (single) • There and back is two runs (double) • A line drive that reaches the fence scores four runs • A hit that flies over the fence like a home run is six runs
What is Cricket? • Common Ways of Getting Out • Any of the three stumps marking the batsman’s base are hit by the pitcher, the batsman is bowled (struck out) • The ball is hit into a fielder’s hand without touching the ground, the batsman is caught (pop fly) • The batsman uses any part of the body other than the bat to stop the ball from hitting the stumps, he is out Leg Before Wicket also called LBW (interference) • If the two batsmen are running between the wickets (bases) and a fielder touches the base before the batsman crosses the safe line, he is run out (tagging or out at base)
Cricket @ Penn State • Club Objectives • Provide an opportunity for the Penn State students, faculty and staff to play and learn the game • Create awareness and promote the game in the community • Club History • Started in the 1960s and 70s • Current form revived in 2002 • Currently a member of Penn State Club Sports organization • Around 40 members
Cricket @ Penn State • Club Activities • Participate in a summer regional tournament in Washington D.C. metro region • Regular practice sessions during late spring, summer and early fall semesters • Organize softball tournaments to involve community • Raise funds for club by managing concession stands during Penn State football games • Plan for a coaching clinic during early summer for high school students and community
Cricket @ Penn State Let's Play!