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People Centered Planning: A Suggested Model for Central Asian countries Dr. Amitava Mukherjee Regional Advisor for Poverty Reduction United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Some Problem Statements Unemployment is a major problem
Dr. Amitava Mukherjee
Regional Advisor for Poverty Reduction
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Participation of People.
Resources: Social, Physical, Political, Natural and Financial Capital
Sensitizing the community is a composite of several steps.
(1) If the community being worked with is new to Planning facilitators, the obvious thing to do first is to “build rapport”.
(2) Inform the community, the purpose of the planning exercise, its scope, limitations and the parameters within which it must operate. Open and transparent beginning is very important.
(3) Managing the community’s expectation.
(4) Making an assessment of the preparedness of the community to participate in the planning exercise.
The people centered planning process has to ideally inter alia determine
People centered planning is a system (when applied to a community or an area) in which, people produce in most cases most ofl the required data.
Analysis by the people: Whose reality Counts?
Analysis of Space
Analysis of Time
Analysis of Relationships
Analysis of Institutions
Analysis of Priorities
There is no particular sequence in which these could be done. But generally, it is easy to start with analysis of space.
Analysis of Space: Social overhead (Schools, Health outlets, roads etc.), availability of resources (natural resources, infrastructure, soil types, common property resources etc.)
Analysis of Time: historical development of the area, major events in the life of people, seasonal variations in economic and social variables like employment, food intake, credit availability etc., major trends in livelihood, state of resource etc.
Analysis of social and economic relationships between castes, class, religious groups, political parties, institutions, employment provider etc.
Analysis of Institutions: importance and efficiency, utility, accessibility, usefulness etc. a different institutions interfacing the community
Analysis of preferences for institutions, facilities, resources etc. of different groups of people, women, men and girl children, marginalized groups like disabled, SCs and STs etc.
Prioritized activities or Goals for solving the problems relating to space, time, relationships and institutional arrangements.
Problems relating to space, time, relationships and institutional arrangements.
Prioritization of the Problems
Solutions to problems relating to space, time, relationships and institutional arrangements.
Finding Solutions: Gives Activities or Projects
The situation analysis will lead to identification of the potential and problems of the people.
(i) Space (such as lack of access roads)
(ii) Time (seasonal unemployment, seasonal diseases).
(iii) Institutions (such as decay of community institutions or familial social security system or long run degradation of moral values).
(iv) Relationships (gender discrimination).
(v) Preferences (traditional water harvesting structures or lift irrigation).
Activity Prioritization: This will yield the Goals
Activities relating to problems of relationships caste, class and gender discrimination
Solutions (activities) for solving problems relating to space: degradation of natural resources, depletion of CPR lack of roads, poor housing, lack of basic facilities in the area, problems of markets etc.
Activities to deal with problems of access; denial of access for marginalized groups to basic needs; discrimination in access to public services; lack of access to resources (such as land, water forest), access to markets and raw materials etc.
Prioritized activities or Goals for solving the problems relating to space, time, relationships and institutional arrangements
Solution to problem relating to time: seasonal unemployment seasonal shortage of food, seasonal availability of credit, seasonal volatility of income etc.
Fig. 4. Phase of high Facilitation and Moving to box three of Johari’s Window
Activities to deal with institutional problems inefficiency, corruption, inaccessibility etc.
Location of private benefits
Location of public services
Location of community benefits
There can be two sources of solutions.
There is a need to prioritize the activities
Generally, there will be three kinds of activities.
( f) Combined Sector
(g) Residual Sector
For this purpose all activities have to be classified as falling into one of the seven sectors outlined below:
Note: p stands for people’s sector; b for bank sector, g for government sector, d for donor sector, pi for PRI sector, c for combined sector and r for residual sector.
FigActivity-Sector Classification Matrix
Note : A tick mark indicates the benefit of the activity to the relevant group. A cross mark indicates non-applicability of the activity of the relevant group.
Fig 6: Project Benefit Matrix