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JUNIOR PROFESSIONAL OFFICERS’ WORKSHOP. Presentation. “PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA AND THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP)” . Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 25 November 2002. HISTORY OF MALAYSIA’S RELATIONSHIP WITH UNDP.

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slide1

JUNIOR PROFESSIONAL OFFICERS’ WORKSHOP

Presentation

“PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA

AND

THE UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP)”

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

25 November 2002

history of malaysia s relationship with undp
HISTORY OF MALAYSIA’S RELATIONSHIP WITH UNDP
  • Dates back to the time of Malaysia’s independence in 1957
  • The Government and the United Nations Special Fund signed an Agreement concerning Assistance from Special Fund on 3 August 1961.
  • The UNSF’s and UNDP major contribution then was in accelerating skill development training in agriculture, health services, transport and communications.
undp technical assistance ta to malaysia
UNDP TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE (TA) TO MALAYSIA
  • UNDP is the single largest multilateral organization providing technical assistance to Malaysia.
  • TA is to support Malaysia’s development programmes/projects through the provision of experts, research, studies and training.
slide4

FILLING THE DEVELOPMENT GAPS

  • In sectors where the Government does not have expertise.
  • Benefits from cross country experiences of the international experts.
  • c. In accordance with the development stage of the country and the national policies.
slide6

MALAYSIA‘S FUNDAMENTALS

  • Strong growth record
  • Substantial poverty reduction and quality of life improvements
  • Budget surpluses in 1990s which helped reduce public debt, contain inflation, boost savings, while encouraging private sector-led growth
  • Investment in human resource and high quality social services and public institutions
slide7

GROWTH PERFORMANCE

  • Average 1960s 6.0%
  • Average 1970s 7.5%
  • Average 1980s 5.8%
  • Average 1990s 7.1%
  • Average 1971-90 6.0%
  • Average 1991-2000 6.7%
  • 2000 8.3%
  • 2001 0.4%
slide8

MAJOR ECONOMIC INDICATORS

1970 1980 1990 2000 2001

GNP per capita

RM 1,132 3,737 6,299 13,464 12,984

US$ 368 1,717 2,329 3,543 3,417

Unemployment(%) 7.4 5.6 5.1 3.1 3.7

Inflation(%) 1.9 6.7 3.1 1.6 1.4

Fed Govt. Account

(% to GNP) -4.0 -13.5 -3.1 -6.3 -6.0

Current a/c of BOP

(% to GNP) 0.2 -1.2 -2.2 10.2 9.0

slide9

COUNTRY PROGRAMME

CP-1 (1972-76) US$14.7 million

CP-2 (1977-81) US$14.4 million

CP-3 (1982-86) US$8.7 million

CP-4 (1987-91) US$10.1 million

CP-5 (1992-96) US$4.2 million

undp malaysia ccf 1997 2001
UNDP-Malaysia CCF (1997-2001)
  • From 1997-2001, the CP took on a new name, the Country Cooperation Framework (CCF)
  • This is to reflect the contribution received under the Indicative Planning Figure (IPF) of the CP and the grants given under the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Trust Fund and the Montreal Protocol Trust Fund.
  • The CCF is extended to 2002.
increased national capacity for project execution
INCREASED NATIONAL CAPACITY FOR PROJECT EXECUTION
  • In the early years, projects were executed wholly by UN agencies.
  • Since the early 90’s, majority of the projects were nationally executed.
cost sharing arrangement
COST-SHARING ARRANGEMENT
  • Malaysia was among the first countries to provide Programme cost-sharing in 1975.
  • Programme cost-sharing is on a “dollar-for-dollar” basis.
  • Malaysia also contributes to project cost-sharing:

a) financial

b) in-kind contributions – office space, transport, facilities etc.

collaboration between the government and undp
COLLABORATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND UNDP

a) Programme and Project Formulation

  • Preparation of UNDP Country Cooperation Framework
  • At the programme level, identification of priority areas of cooperation in line with Government policies.
  • At the project level, evaluation of project documents for relevance to Government policies and priorities.
  • Participation in Project Appraisal Committee chaired by UNDP
  • Preparation of project documents for signature by UNDP and the Government (EPU).
slide14
Mechanism
  • High level discussion between EPU and UNDP on programme priorities and modalities.
  • Operational level discussion between EPU and UNDP to fine-tune programme priorities and project ideas.
slide15
Implementation of Programmes/projects
  • Monitors implementation progress through tripatite reviews (TPR) between EPU, UNDP, and implementation agencies.
  • Requests for comments for technical reports from related agencies and synthesizing them for UNDP’s further action;
slide16
Mechanism
  • Steering Committee meetings
  • Technical Committee meetings
  • Annual TPR meeting between EPU, UNDP and Implementing Agency for monitoring and evaluation.
  • Terminal Tripartite Review meeting between EPU, UNDP and Implementing Agency for Evaluation.
thrust of ccf 1997 2001
THRUST OF CCF (1997-2001)
  • Two broad areas:

a) Sustainable Development

* Environment Management

* Science & Technology

b) Human Development

* Social Development

* Human Resource Development

* TCDC

  • Resources: US$34.727 million (revised)
slide18

PROJECT APPROVED UNDER CCF, 1997-2001

(Extended to 2002)

  • Number of Projects: 17 projects (4 are GEF Projects)

Examples of Projects Approved:

1. Social Impact Assessment on Development Projects

2. Occupational Safety and Health Promotion and Disease/Injuries Prevention in the Workplace.

3. HIV/AIDS-Meeting the Challenges with Community-based Prevention and Care Efforts.

4. Mobile internet

5. Study for Sustainable Development of the Highlands of Peninsular Malaysia.

slide19
6. Pilot Study on Developing an Action Plan to Implement Agenda 21 at the Local Government Level.

7. Rural Tourism Project.

  • National Health Accounts
  • Support to the establishment to the Malaysian Urban Indicators Network (The Malaysian Urban Quality of Life Indicators Network-MQLInet)
  • Implementation of Social Protection Reform in Malaysia

(SOCSO)

global environment facility gef projects in malaysia
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY (GEF) PROJECTS IN MALAYSIA
  • Programmes : i) biological diversity

ii) climate change

iii) international waters; and

iv) ozone layer

  • Since its establishment in 1992 until end of 1996, 7 projects were approved, valued at US$1.6 million.
  • Under CCF, about US$25 million of GEF Fund was allocated for Malaysia
slide21
Examples of Approved GEF Projects :
  • Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement Project
  • Conservation of Biological Diversity through sustainable Forest Management Practices in Malaysia
montreal protocol projects in malaysia
MONTREAL PROTOCOL PROJECTS IN MALAYSIA
  • Montreal Protocol Trust Fund is set up in 1987 for developing and industrialized countries to cooperate in eliminating the release of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCS) and other ozone-depleting substances (ODS)
  • Malaysia is the second largest recipient of the funds, next to China.
  • Areas of focus: foam, refrigeration, aerosols solvents, halon and methyl bromide
  • Total number of projects approved: 140
  • Value: US$36,706,428
country programme outlines cpo 2003 2007
COUNTRY PROGRAMME OUTLINES (CPO), 2003-2007
  • Clustered around two major themes :

a) human development

b) sustainable environmental management

  • Areas of focus:
      • Environment – energy

- biodiversity

- planning

- waste management

      • Gender
      • HIV/AIDS
      • Human Resource Development
      • Information and Communications Technology
      • South-South Cooperation
future partnership
FUTURE PARTNERSHIP
  • Maintain relationship as a development partner since UNDP’s presence is still needed in target areas including HRD
  • Evolving relationship and proposal for a new modality of cooperation
  • Increasing South-South Cooperation including through Third Country Training Programme (TCTP)