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Notes and Terms:. The Protestant Reformation and Puritanism. Terms. Sect (sectarian) Anglican Roman Catholic Indulgences Faith Works. Terms. Salvation Lapsarian Jeremiad Separatist Covenant Charter Sanctification justification. Names. Martin Luther John Calvin Henry VIII

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Notes and Terms:

The Protestant Reformation and Puritanism


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Terms

  • Sect (sectarian)

  • Anglican

  • Roman Catholic

  • Indulgences

  • Faith

  • Works


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Terms

  • Salvation

  • Lapsarian

  • Jeremiad

  • Separatist

  • Covenant

  • Charter

  • Sanctification

  • justification


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Names

  • Martin Luther

  • John Calvin

  • Henry VIII

  • Elizabeth I

  • Bradford

  • Winthrop


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Time Line

  • Life of Christ

  • Early Church

  • 500

  • Dark Ages

  • Middle Ages (Medieval)

  • 1400

  • 1492

  • Renaissance

  • 1500

  • 1517

  • 1600

  • 1620

  • 1634

  • 1680

  • 1700

  • 1776


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Martin Luther

  • German

  • 1517

  • Member of Catholic Church

  • Protested

  • Indulgences

  • 95 Theses

  • Translated Bible

  • Gutenberg Bible

  • 100,000 copies in 40 years


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Protestant Reformation

  • Protest / Reform

  • Reaction to perceived (and actual) corruption in Catholic Church

  • Objections to Popish or authoritarian practices within church (hierarchy)

  • Splinter groups (sects)

  • Gave rise to Protestant denominations


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A Central Protestant Argument:

  • Faith vs. Works

  • Faith = Individual Choice

  • Works = duties performed for Church

  • Emphasis on “belief” versus “ what you do”

  • Complicated….


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Luther:

  • Argued for a more personal god distinct from the hierarchy of the Church. His arguments threatened the Papal (Pope) power.


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Calvin:

  • French

  • Exiled to Switzerland

  • Began Reformation in France

  • Theological ideas with wide influence

  • North American Puritans were Calvinists

  • Sophisticated theology / system = dogma


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Doctrines of Calvinism

  • Depravity of Man (the Fall)

  • Absolute Power of God’s will

  • Superiority of Faith

  • Salvation by Grace, and not works

  • Divine Predestination – God specifies fate


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Summary Statement:

The Protestant Reformation and the settlement of New England Puritans is one key to understanding American literature. The new religious ideas had wide influence, and particularly in New England, where writers produced volumes of prose, diaries, poetry, sermons, and political rhetoric. They built colleges, formed school systems, and created a world view crucial to first generations of colonists and the first U.S. citizens.

In particular, the Puritan mind gave colonists and their descendants a sense of destiny. They believed they were acting out the will of God, and this infused their culture with a unique sense of history.