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HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan A Country Perspective Background 23 years of civil war Devastated Infrastructure Heavily Mined Poppy growing: major source of income Bon Peace agreement in later 2001 International support for new government Security concerns remain Background

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hiv aids in afghanistan

HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan

A Country Perspective

background
Background
  • 23 years of civil war
  • Devastated Infrastructure
  • Heavily Mined
  • Poppy growing: major source of income
  • Bon Peace agreement in later 2001
  • International support for new government
  • Security concerns remain
background3
Background
  • 4 consecutive years of drought
  • More than 2 million Refugees and returned
social indicators
Social Indicators
  • Low rates of literacy
  • Under five mortality : 275/1000
  • Infant mortality Rate:165/1000
  • Maternal Mortality Rate:1600/100,000
  • 40-60% of childern chronically malnourished
  • Life Expectancy: 45-47 years
status of hiv aids in afghanistan
Status of HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan
  • Little data on HIV/AIDS or STI
  • No surveillance system
  • Reported cases from blood screening
  • Little awareness of HIV/AIDS
  • Myths about HIV/AIDS
  • No history of NACP
risk factors for hiv aids
Risk Factors for HIV/AIDS
  • Mass Population displacement
  • Disruption of Social structures and family unit
  • Food insecurity and economic vulnerability of women
  • Psychological truoma
  • Disruption of preventive/curative Services
risk factors for hiv aids7
Risk Factors for HIV/AIDS
  • Unsafe blood transfusion and injections practices
  • Increase intravenous and other drugs use
  • Status of women
progression in 2002 2003
Progression in 2002-2003
  • Engagement with international community
  • Establishment of HIV/AIDS TWG
  • Proposal for Global Fund
  • Supporting Safe Blood transfusion
  • Celebration of HIV/AIDS Day
  • Radio and TV broad casting
progression in 2002 20039
Progression in 2002-2003
  • Awareness raising workshop
  • Drafting of Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS
slide11
Goal
  • To prevent a potentially rapid spread of

HIV/AIDS IN AFGHANISTAN

objectives1
Objectives1
  • To expand the Knowledge base in order to facilitate planning implementation and Evaluation of HIV/AIDS & STI
objective 2
Objective 2
  • To ensure an effective well coordinate and sustainable multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan
objective 3
Objective 3
  • To reduce risk of HIV/AIDS infection among vulnerable high risk groups
objective 4
Objective 4
  • To reduce vulnerability of young people to HIV/AIDS
objective 5
Objective 5
  • To reduce the risk of infection amongst the general population through an increase awareness levels
objective 6
Objective 6
  • To reduce prevalence and prevent transmission of STI
objective 7
Objective 7
  • To reduce the risk of transmission of HIV/AIDS and other blood borne infection through blood transfusion
objective 8
Objective 8
  • To improve quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS through provision of quality care support.