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HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan A Country Perspective Background 23 years of civil war Devastated Infrastructure Heavily Mined Poppy growing: major source of income Bon Peace agreement in later 2001 International support for new government Security concerns remain Background

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HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan

A Country Perspective


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Background

  • 23 years of civil war

  • Devastated Infrastructure

  • Heavily Mined

  • Poppy growing: major source of income

  • Bon Peace agreement in later 2001

  • International support for new government

  • Security concerns remain


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Background

  • 4 consecutive years of drought

  • More than 2 million Refugees and returned


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Social Indicators

  • Low rates of literacy

  • Under five mortality : 275/1000

  • Infant mortality Rate:165/1000

  • Maternal Mortality Rate:1600/100,000

  • 40-60% of childern chronically malnourished

  • Life Expectancy: 45-47 years


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Status of HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan

  • Little data on HIV/AIDS or STI

  • No surveillance system

  • Reported cases from blood screening

  • Little awareness of HIV/AIDS

  • Myths about HIV/AIDS

  • No history of NACP


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Risk Factors for HIV/AIDS

  • Mass Population displacement

  • Disruption of Social structures and family unit

  • Food insecurity and economic vulnerability of women

  • Psychological truoma

  • Disruption of preventive/curative Services


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Risk Factors for HIV/AIDS

  • Unsafe blood transfusion and injections practices

  • Increase intravenous and other drugs use

  • Status of women


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Progression in 2002-2003

  • Engagement with international community

  • Establishment of HIV/AIDS TWG

  • Proposal for Global Fund

  • Supporting Safe Blood transfusion

  • Celebration of HIV/AIDS Day

  • Radio and TV broad casting


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Progression in 2002-2003

  • Awareness raising workshop

  • Drafting of Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS



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Goal

  • To prevent a potentially rapid spread of

    HIV/AIDS IN AFGHANISTAN


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Objectives1

  • To expand the Knowledge base in order to facilitate planning implementation and Evaluation of HIV/AIDS & STI


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Objective 2

  • To ensure an effective well coordinate and sustainable multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan


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Objective 3

  • To reduce risk of HIV/AIDS infection among vulnerable high risk groups


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Objective 4

  • To reduce vulnerability of young people to HIV/AIDS


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Objective 5

  • To reduce the risk of infection amongst the general population through an increase awareness levels


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Objective 6

  • To reduce prevalence and prevent transmission of STI


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Objective 7

  • To reduce the risk of transmission of HIV/AIDS and other blood borne infection through blood transfusion


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Objective 8

  • To improve quality of life for people living with HIV/AIDS through provision of quality care support.



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