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  1. ReformattingMovingImages Hannah Frost Preservation Librarian for Digital and Media Collections Stanford University Libraries ALA ◦ AnaheimJune 29, 2008

  2. Opportunities, compromises,and decision-makingin today’s media landscape

  3. Digital audio is pretty easy. Digital video is not.

  4. 3 Stories

  5. A dirty frame of 16mm film The Challenging Era work print (1961)Stanford University Archives

  6. A clean film frame with digitization errorscaused by (unneeded) “dirt suppression” software process The Campaign for Stanford (1975)Stanford University Archives

  7. Digital glitch in one channel of stereo DAT recording

  8. Digital glitch in both channels of stereo DAT recording

  9. 1. Buckminster Fuller’s Archive

  10. Preservation-Worthy Digital Video,or How to Drive Your Library into Chapter 11by Jerry McDonough, 2004. Available from the AIC EMG web site.

  11. Analog video errors - created with the original recording

  12. 2. SAMMA Solo Beta Test

  13. Survey Instrument for Audio andMoving ImageCollectionsColumbia University Libraries, 2008. Available from Columbia’s Preservation Dept. web site.

  14. Latin Tempo segment - still: Laura Canales Y Encanto - "The Queen of Tejano Music”San Antonio, Texas May 10, 1984 Stanford University LibrariesDept. of Special Collections Analog video errors - green ring-shaped discoloration: Recording anomaly? Degradation?

  15. Zona del Canal (Canal Zone) - still by Dalida Maria Benfield Date unknown Women in The Director’s Chair Collection Stanford University Libraries Analog video error - pink clouds (not at sunset): Color originally recorded “out of gamut”exacerbated in digital domain

  16. Deposits from dirty, degrading videotape

  17. Interview with Pedro Gonzalez Stanford University LibrariesDept. of Special Collections Collection suffers from media degradation: 1 of 9 tapes recoverable

  18. 3. 50 years of jazz recordings

  19. DIGITAL • Uncompressed file • Standard Definition, NTSC • QuickTime wrapper • 10-bit, 4:2:2 • Stored on LTO data tape • ANALOG • Beta • U-Matic • VHS • Betacam SP >

  20. Drop out caused by dirty videotape

  21. Drop out caused by dirty videotape

  22. After cleaning

  23. Project OutsourcingNavigating through the Client/Vendor Relationship to Achieve Your Project Goals by Chris Lacinak, 2006. Available from: www.avpreserve.com/resources.html

  24. 3 URLs palimpsest.stanford.edu/bytopic/video palimpsest.stanford.edu/bytopic/motion-pictures videopreservation.stanford.edu

  25. Thank you! Hannah Frosthfrost@stanford.edu