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Media & Politics What is the function of news in society? Traditional function of news Present a portrait of reality on which the citizen can act First Amendment Congress shall make no law . . . abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press . . . News media as the “Fourth Estate”

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Presentation Transcript
traditional function of news
Traditional function of news
  • Present a portrait of reality on which the citizen can act
first amendment
First Amendment

Congress shall make no law . . . abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press . . .

News media as the “Fourth Estate”

tv and politics
TV and Politics
  • Americans get 80% of their political information from television
  • Why might this be problem?
  • Concerns about the nature of TV news
  • How do local newscasts differ from national newscasts?
video
Video

“Illusions of News”

By Bill Moyers

tv news criticized for
TV news criticized for
  • Emphasizing the "horse race"
  • . . . Conflict & controversy
  • . . . Ignoring issues
  • Priorities of coverage
    • (small news hole)
celebrity politics
CELEBRITY POLITICS
  • Media “treatment” of political campaigns
  • Superficial focus of coverage
  • Policy debate v. game of "gotcha"
media critique
Media Critique
  • TV leads to “celebrity reporting”
  • Media, rather than candidates or parties set agenda
slide11
Greater focus on image (character flaws)
  • Battle of media metaphors
  • The frat boy v. the truth stretcher
  • The _______ v. the _________
slide12
Passive public
  • Products of an entertainment culture
  • Media both humanize & trivialize the political process
  • Nation like a film audience that only reads the review
first amendment13
First Amendment
  • Public support is eroding
  • Some blame the press itself
lawrence grossman
Lawrence Grossman
  • Broadcasters as public trustees of the public airwaves
  • Shrinking political coverage on network news
  • Network "profit center" vs "loss leader"
  • Diminished public service role
  • What is Grossman's proposal?
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