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Origin of the word “Robot” From Czechoslovakian words: ROBOTNICK ==> serve ROBOTA ==> work Introduced in 1921 by the playwright Karel Capek his satirical drama R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots). Idea of a perfect and tireless worker! Definition of the word “Robot” (Cont’d)

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origin of the word robot
Origin of the word “Robot”

From Czechoslovakian words:

  • ROBOTNICK ==> serve
  • ROBOTA ==> work

Introduced in 1921 by the playwright Karel Capek his satirical drama R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots).

Idea of a perfect and tireless worker!

COMP322/S2000/L2

definition of the word robot cont d
Definition of the word “Robot” (Cont’d)

The “xwebster” dictionary:

  • a machine that looks like a human being and performs various complex acts (as walking or talking) of a human being;
  • a similar but fictional machine whose lack of capacity for human emotions is often emphasized;
  • an efficient, insensitive, often brutalized person; (e.g. Robocop)
  • an automatic apparatus or device that performs functions ordinarily ascribed to human beings or operates with what appears to be almost human intelligence; and
  • a mechanism guided by automatic controls.

COMP322/S2000/L2

definition of the word robot cont d3
Definition of the word “Robot” (Cont’d)

The Robotics Institute of America:

  • a re-programmable, multi-functional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools or specialized devices, through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.

R.J. Schilling (p.3):

  • a software-controllable mechanical device that uses sensors to guide one or more end-effectors through programmed motions in a workspace in order to manipulate physical objects.

COMP322/S2000/L2

various types of robots
Various Types of Robots
  • Industrial
  • Military
  • Show or promotional
  • Educational
  • Medical
  • Domestic or personal
  • Hobbyist

COMP322/S2000/L2

industrial robots
Industrial Robots

COMP322/S2000/L2

promotional robots
Promotional Robots

Harry

  • remotely controlled device
  • a “professional entertainer
  • works with a handler and a clown
  • “earns” US$75 per hour

COMP322/S2000/L2

entertainer robots
Entertainer Robots

Woodi

  • a Mascot for a university
  • entertains at football and basketball games

COMP322/S2000/L2

hobbyist robots
Hobbyist Robots

COMP322/S2000/L2

applications
Applications
  • Material handling, esp. hazardous
  • Spot, Arc welding
  • Spray painting & finishing
  • Mechanical, electronic assembling
  • Inspection & testing
  • Water jet cutting
  • Space, undersea exploration
  • Medical

COMP322/S2000/L2

undersea robots
Undersea Robots

COMP322/S2000/L2

research topics
Research Topics
  • Manipulator design
  • Kinematics & Dynamics
  • Actuators & Control Systems
  • Control & System Architecture
  • Programming Languages
  • Reasoning and Planning Systems
  • Multi-robot Systems, Collaborative
  • Telerobotics & Undersea Robotics
  • Dynamic Vision
  • Micro-electromechanical & micro robotic Systems

COMP322/S2000/L2

functional structure
Functional Structure

COMP322/S2000/L2

references
References
  • James L. Fuller, Robotics - Introduction, Programming, and Projects, second edition, Prentice Hall, 1999. (ISBN: 0-13-095543-4)
  • Witold Jackak, Intelligent Robotic Systems - Design, Planning, and Control, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 1999. (ISBN: 0-306-46062-9) (TJ211.J33)

COMP322/S2000/L2