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Learning in Context

Learning in Context. George Siemens www.elearnspace.org www.connectivism.ca. Nature of Learning. Climate in which learning occurs Network creation (neural and social). Learning. About To do To be To transform. Monochromatic.

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Learning in Context

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  1. Learning in Context George Siemens www.elearnspace.org www.connectivism.ca

  2. Nature of Learning • Climate in which learning occurs • Network creation (neural and social)

  3. Learning • About • To do • To be • To transform

  4. Monochromatic • Assuming that our current view is accurate all (or most) of the time • Ignoring nuanced nature of learning, life, and situational specific aspect of intended learning • Assumptions: • Each learning approach serves a unique function • Each learning experience provides different affordances

  5. We’re going “know-where” “Know-where” is more important than “know-what” and “know-how”

  6. Know where…

  7. Connected Specialization • Content • Social (collect knowledge in my friends (Stephenson)) • Learning approach • Multi-dimensional • Multi-faceted • Multi-contextual

  8. Learning as a process, not event

  9. Formal Learning • What: • Courses • Programs • Degrees • Defined by “established knowledge” • Structure imposed by experts in advance of learning • Why: Structure, serve stakeholders, focused • Good for: initiating learners who are new (foundation building) • Ineffective: when learning “at the point of need” is required

  10. Experience/Game-based Learning • What: • Problem Based Learning • Ill-defined learning targets • User defines process and space • Adaptive, flexible • Why: Experiential (learning as a by-product of other activities) • Good for: real life challenges • Ineffective: if foundations are not in place (or the learning experience (as games) needs to provide foundation)

  11. Mentoring/Apprentice Learning • What: • Personal • Guided and facilitated by “expert” • Why: Accelerate personal performance • Good for: personal, relevant knowledge/learning • Ineffective: foundation forming, “high-bandwidth”

  12. Performance Support Learning • What: • Learning at the point of need • Can rely on other learning approaches • Why: Point of need, competence, assistive • Good for: short, focused learning • Ineffective: Developing foundations of a discipline

  13. Self-Learning • What: • Meta-cognition • Learning about learning • Learning that is personally driven • Why: Learning for pleasure, personal competence • Good for: Exploring areas of personal interest • Ineffective: How do learners know what they need to know?

  14. Community-based Learning • What: • Diversity • “wisdom of the crowds” • Social/dialogue • Why: create multi-faceted view of a space or discipline • Good for: dialogue, diversity of perspective • Ineffective: foundational, “high time requirement”

  15. Informal Learning • What: • Conferences • workshops • colleagues • Why: Serendipity, constant, ongoing, “in the stream” • Good for: Continual, ongoing, multifaceted • Ineffective: Chaotic, not always valued, scattered

  16. How do the pieces fit?

  17. Various types of learning • Challenge: • how to integrate various perspectives, learning, etc. • How do we create the whole? • Tools don’t exist yet • Still modeled after classrooms

  18. Conversation, not Content

  19. Tools for the Task

  20. What’s wrong with courses? • Courses can’t keep up with life today • Courses project start/stop learning • Schools need to transform/be transformed by a particular era/culture • Courses are “one-model” views (formal)

  21. Stop building courses • Start building learning spaces that enable learning • Provide learners with knowledge skills to learn for life • Teach learners how to build a personal learning network • Assist learners to build conduits not consume content

  22. Learning Ecology

  23. Learning Ecology

  24. Determining the approach • Intended outcome • Nature of the learning task • Match task with appropriate medium • Consider profile and needs of learners • Meta-learning elements required (are we trying to teach content or process?) • Diverse tools/spaces/ecologies

  25. Newsletter subscription www.elearnspace.org www.connectivism.ca

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