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Innovation and Technology Transfer

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  1. Innovation and Technology Transfer LIU Jian International Cooperation Department The State Intellectual Property Office of P.R.China November 2009, Geneva

  2. Overview I.China’s Innovation System and Its Development • Innovation Strategy and Building Innovation-oriented Country • Further Promoting China’s National Innovation System II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer • New Developments in China’s IP System • Commercialization and Technology Transfer of Innovative Achievements Far from Sufficiency • National IP Strategy for Innovation and Technology Transfer • Major Problems in Technology Transfer III. Enhance Cooperation for Innovation and Technology Transfer

  3. I. China’s Innovation System and Its Development New National Strategy and Building Innovation Country The “Outline of National Medium- and Long-term Science and Technology Development Plan(2006-2020)” • Promulgated in January 2006 in China • Initiated in July 2003 • Its formulation work was headed by Premier Wen Jiabao • Over 20 ministries and departments and more than 2000 experts involved in formulation of the Outline

  4. I. China’s Innovation System and Its Development Reasons for adoption of the innovation strategy • create an innovation-oriented country • maintain long-term and rapid economic growth • realize sustainable development • upgrade industrial structure and transform the mode of growth, from resource and labor-driven to innovation-driven economy • Improvement of competitiveness

  5. I. China’s Innovation System and Its Development Main Goals By 2020, China will be one of the innovation-oriented countries • R&D investment is 2.5% of GDP • Contribution rate of science & technology progress to economic growth will exceed 60% (900 billion RMB) • Dependency ratio for foreign technologies will decrease to below 30% • Annual number of granted domestic invention patents and SCI papers will rank among world top 5

  6. I. China’s Innovation System and Its Development Building independent innovative capacity includes three aspects • Capacity to make original innovation in the domain of basic research such as scientific discovery, and technological inventions • Capacity to integrate existing technology, emerging technology and inventions in order to create new products or business lines with market competitiveness • Capacity to absorb, digest and improve imported technologies, and to re-create IPR based on these technologies

  7. I. China’s Innovation System and Its Development Main priorities of science and technology innovation • R&D in fields of energy, water resources and environment protection • Improvement of people’s living and health standards is a major mission of science and technology innovation • Development and exploitation of the pre-competitive “common” technologies in order to upgrade industrial structure and provide technological support to SMEs • Reinforcing development and research of basic and pioneering technologies for sustainable development

  8. Further Promoting China’s National Innovation System Improve the legal framework favorable for innovation • Laws for Promoting Scientific Progress and Commercialization • Laws for Enterprise Innovation • Intellectual Property Laws

  9. Further Promoting China’s National Innovation System • Incentive Policies for Innovation • To adopt favorable public financial policies and to increase R&D input • To establish and improve risk capital and investment capital market • Science and Technology-oriented SMEs Innovation Found • Promotion of commercialization and technology transfer • To cultivate a favorable innovation culture • Others

  10. National R&D Expenditure (1995-2008) Source:China's science & technology statistics and China Statistic Year Books

  11. National R&D /GDP (1995-2008) (%) Source:China's science & technology statistics and China Statistic Year Books

  12. II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer New Developments in China’s IP System -filings for invention patent from 63,000 in 2001 to 289,838 in 2008, an average annual growth of 24% -a total of 828,328 filings for invention, utility model and design in 2008, up by 19% -PCT applications rank No. 6 in 2008 -more domestic applications for invention filed than foreign ones since 2003

  13. New Developments in China’s IP System 19% Total applications of three kinds of patents in 2001-2008

  14. The Development of China’s IPR System The applications for invention patents in 2001-2008

  15. New Developments in China’s IP System 14% 4,614 2007 2008 2008.1-2008.8 2009.1-2009.8 China No.6 (6089) No.7 United Kingdom China 2007 2008 Republic of Korea Republic of Korea Japan Netherlands Japan Netherlands United Kingdom United States France Germany United States Germany France PCT received

  16. New Developments in China’s IP System Examiner 4,659 70% • From 2001 to June 2009, • SIPO has all together • recruited 3,815 examiners for • substantive examination Total: 8,324

  17. II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer Not Sufficient Commercialization and Technology Transfer • Receiving a large number of patent applications, and the number keeps increasing • Among all utilized patents in China, 91% is self-utilized by the right owners, while the ratio of transferred and licensed is only below 10%. • Easier to file, harder to commercialize and transfer

  18. II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer National IP Strategy • China has implemented its national IP strategy, under which diversified and comprehensive policy tools have been adopted to promote innovation and effective utilization of innovative achievements • Establishment of local patented technology exhibition and trade center, encouragement of private capital investing in intermediary business for technology trade, and stimulation of commercial banks to provide IP mortgage loans.

  19. II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer Major Problems in Technology Transfer • Imbalanced capacities and potentials of countries for innovation • Complexity of technology transfer • No willing to transfer technology • Out of date technologies transferred

  20. II. Intellectual Property Promoting Innovation and Technology Transfer Major Problems in Technology Transfer • Hard to access to information & evaluation of technology • High cost for negotiations, signing and executing contract • IP abuse hindering technology transfer and innovation

  21. III. Enhance Int’l Cooperation, Promote Innovation and Technology Transfer Conclusion • Routine business for technology transfer for developing countries not sufficient, and new methods needed • More technical assistance needed for developing countries, esp.LDCs • China will continue to reinforce cooperation with WIPO members in IP, innovation and technology transfer • China will continue to work closely with WIPO in above areas

  22. For more information, please get access to www.sipo.gov.cn Thank You