International Herald Tribune & Asharq Al Awsat coverage of the Israeli-Lebanese ConflictA Comparative study Communication Studies Senior Capstone Fatima-azzahra Fattachi Fall 2006
Outline • Introduction • Research Question and its relevance • Theoretical Framework • Methodology • Findings • Variations in coverage • Constraints • Conclusion
The research question • How did International Herald Tribune and Asharq Alwsat cover the Israeli-Lebanese Conflict ?
The Importance of the Research • Assessing media coverage of two opposing sides • Determining the subjectivity of certain media • Groundbreaking research for Morocco
Theoretical Framework • Agenda setting Theory • Framing Theory • Gatekeeping Theory
Methodology • Content Analysis within a comparative study of the two newspapers. « ... It is a careful, detailed, systematic examination and interpretation of a particular body of material in an effort to identify patterns, themes, biases and meanings » (Leely & Ormrod, 2005; Neuendorf, 2002).
The Sample • 9 articles retrieved from each newspaper. • 3 from the beginning of the war. • 3 from mid-war. • 3 post-war.
The International HeraldTribune • “The International Herald Tribune creates, collects and distributes world news, information, entertainment and opinion of the highest journalistic integrity. Its balanced perspective addresses all areas of human interest and is trusted and enjoyed by people in all corners of the globe.” (www.iht.com)
Asharq Al Awsat • “Asharq Al-Awsat is the world's premier pan-Arab daily newspaper, Famous for conducting in-depth interviews with prominent and influential personalities alike, Asharq Al-Awsat's news team provide their world wide readers with objective and impartial news coverage, thus cementing the journalistic integrity of the newspaper.” (www.asharqalawsat.com)
IHT Findings • Headlines short informative phrases with simple wording frame the information • Body Text Narrative and descriptive style of writing Active voice Use of metaphors and analogies • Selection of sources Government officials and civilians
Asharq Alawsat Findings • Headlines longer and elusive phrases • Body Text Narrative and descriptive style of writing Passive voice Use of metaphors • Selection of sources Government officials and civilians
Variations in Coverage • Difference in the information communicated • Difference in the sources selection
Constraints • Time • Subjectivity