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HEAT EXHAUSTION. Symptoms: * Fatigue, weakness, dizziness, or nausea * Cool, clammy, pale, red or flushed skin * Excessive sweating. Treatment: * Get out of the sun to a cool spot and drink lots of cool water, a little at a time. If you are

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

HEAT EXHAUSTION

Symptoms:

* Fatigue, weakness, dizziness, or nausea

* Cool, clammy, pale, red or flushed skin

* Excessive sweating

Treatment:* Get out of the sun to a cool spot and drink lots

of cool water, a little at a time. If you are

nauseated or dizzy, lie down.

* Seek medical assistance ASAP.

Ref: Healthwise Handbook, 13th edition

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

slide2

HYDRATIONANALYSIS CHART

Signs of Dehydration

- Dryness in the mouth (cotton mouth)

- Shortness of breath

- Headache

- Decrease and/or discoloration in urine

- Nausea and/or vomiting, loss of appetite

- Loss of coordination

- Confusion

- Elevated core temperature

OK

DRINK 1 CANTEEN

URINE COLOR

DRINK 1 CANTEEN

OVER 15 MINUTES

DRINK 2-3 CANTEENS OVER 60 MINUTES

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

Note: 1 Canteen = 1 Quart

slide3

HYDRATIONANALYSIS CHART

OK

DRINK 1 CANTEEN

URINE COLOR

DRINK 1 CANTEEN OVER 15 MINUTES

DRINK 2-3 CANTEENS OVER 60 MINUTES

Note: 1 Canteen = 1 Quart

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

slide4

PREVENTING HEAT INJURY

  • Before Exercise:
  • Daily intake of at least eight glasses (8 ozs. per glass).
  • Increase water intake with activity or hot weather.
  • Drink two glasses of water 15-30 minutes prior to exercise.
  • During Exercise :
  • Drink small amounts of fluid gradually to avoid dehydration (6-8 ozs. of cool fluid during exercise at 10-15 minute intervals.)
  • If the activity is greater than 90 minutes, drink watered down fruit juice or a sports drink (6-8% glucose (sugar) solution).
  • This replaces valuable blood sugar (glucose) to help prevent “hitting the wall” and becoming fatigued.

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

slide5

Common Signs of Dehydration

  • What to Look For:
  • Thirsty and/or dryness in the mouth (cotton mouth)
  • Decrease/discoloration in urine
  • Nausea and/or vomiting, loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Dehydration may lead to Heat Exhaustion or Heat Stroke!
  • What to Do:
  • Stop the activity
  • Drink small amounts of cool fluids, 6-8 oz. at 10-15 minute intervals.
  • Loosen constrictive clothing
  • Seek medical assistance

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

slide6

PREVENTING HEAT

INJURY

  • * ACCLIMATION
    • - Gradually get used to the heat
    • with approximately 1.5 hours
    • of exposure each day.
    • - New arrivers to area need a
    • minimum of 30 days to adjust.

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

slide7

PREVENTING DEHYDRATION/HEAT INJURY

* HEAT INTOLERANCE may

be increased by:

- Excessive alcohol consumption

- Inadequate sleep

- Medications which cause dehydration

- Excessive coffee/tea (Caffeine)

- Obesity

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

slide8

WATER REQUIREMENTS:

* Be sure that you drink water

* Drink small quantities often (6 ounces/20 min.)

* Water should be COOL (50-60`F) & palatable

* Drink watered-down fruit juice or a sports drink (a 6-8% glucose solution) during excessive work or exercise

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

slide9

Preventing Heat Injury

- Conduct outdoor activities during cooler parts of the day - Wear light colored, breathable clothing (cotton, etc.)- Limit amount of time spent in heat- Schedule cool down times into p.t. time- Drink plenty of water before, during, and after activity.

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712

slide10

HEAT STROKE

  • Symptoms:
  • Confusion, delirium, or unconsciousness
  • Hot, dry, red or flushed skin, even under armpits.
  • Treatment:
  • 1- Call 911 or seek emergency assistance.
  • 2- If the body temperature reaches 105`, immediately
  • strip clothing down to underwear. Sponge the body
  • with cool water and fan to lower the body temperature.
  • 3- If the temperature is lowered to 102`, use care to avoid
  • overcooling.
  • Ref: Healthwise Handbook, 13th Edition

Naval Hospital Health Promotion Program - 451-3712