Fruits and Vegetables. Outline. This stuff is scattered in the book. Pp. 92-101 pp. 44-47 Tomato Apple Citrus Brassica Banana Carrot Onion Squash and Melon Tropical Fruits. Fruits: Botanical and Popular.
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Botanically, a fruit is an ovary that has ripened after fertilization.
However, in 1883 a 10% duty was placed on all vegetables being imported into the US.
John Nix, an imported from New Jersey, argued that he shouldn’t have to pay the duty on tomatoes, because botanists consider them fruits.
The case went all the way to the Supreme Court (which means at least 3 separate courts examined the question). In 1893, the Court ruled that for legal purposes, tomatoes were a vegetable, not a fruit.
Based on popular usage: vegetables (including tomatoes) are eaten at dinner, while fruits are sweet and are eaten at dessert.
Tomatoes are the state vegetable of New Jersey. Ohio considers tomatoes to be the state fruit. In Arkansas, tomatoes are both the state vegetable and the state fruit (indecisive).
"Knowledge is knowing a tomato is a fruit; Wisdom is not putting it in a fruit salad."
In Spain, they have an annual tomato fight