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Elkhart Community Schools. Top 10 Reading Strategies. Why have a K-12 emphasis on reading?. Language Development. Listening Speaking Reading Writing. Reading difficulties begin here…. Actual Differences in Quantity of Words Heard.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Elkhart Community Schools

Top 10 Reading

Strategies

slide2

Why have a

K-12 emphasis

on reading?

slide3

Language

Development

Listening Speaking

Reading Writing

slide4

Reading difficulties

begin here…..

Actual Differences in Quantity of Words Heard

In a typical hour, the average child would hear:

Welfare

616 Words

WorkingClass

1,251 Words

Professional

2,153 Words

slide5

Did you know...

85% of ECS’s students fall into the first two categories:

- welfare

- working class

slide6

Connection

Language

Reading

Thinking

slide7

Reading IS Thinking

“The purpose of reading is understanding.”

slide8

Strategic

Thinking

slide9

Strategic Thinking

“True comprehension goes beyond literal understanding and involves the reader’s interaction with text. If students are to become thoughtful, insightful readers, they must extend their thinking beyond a superficial understanding of the text.”

Stephanie Harvey and Anne Goudvis

slide10

Why teach

reading strategies?

“Once thought of as the natural result of decoding plus oral language, comprehension is now viewed as a much more complex process involving knowledge, experience, thinking and teaching.”

(Linda Fielding and P. David Pearson, 1994)

slide11

What strategies

should be taught?

Researchers identified strategies that proficient readers use to construct meaning from text.

Pearson, Keene, Harvey, Goudvis, Robb and others summarized these strategies.

Elkhart Community School’s Top 10 Reading Strategies are based on the work of the above researchers.

slide12
Make Inferences Then Draw Conclusions

Summarize and Synthesize

Check Your Understanding

Build Fluency

Connect to the Text

Ask Questions

Expand Vocabulary

Predict & Prove

Sense It

Decide What’s Important

Top 10 Reading

Strategies

slide13

Strategy 1: Connect

to the Text

Making Connections: A Bridge From the New to the Known

Text to Self

Text to Text

Text to World

slide14

Strategy 2:

Ask Questions

Asking Questions: The Strategy That Propels Readers Forward

“Questioning is the strategy that keeps readers engaged. When readers ask questions, they clarify understanding and forge ahead to make meaning. Asking questions is at the heart of thoughtful reading.”

Harvey and Goudvis

slide15

Strategy 3:

Expand Vocabulary

“The larger the reader’s vocabulary (either oral or print), the easier it is to make sense of the text.”

Report of the National Reading Panel

slide16

Strategy 4:

Predict and Prove

(Guess and Check)

“Research suggests that when students make predictions their understanding increases and they are more interested in the reading material.”

Fielding, Anderson, Pearson, Hanson

slide17

Strategy 5:

Sense It

Visualizing: A Tool to Enhance Understanding

“Visualizing is a comprehension strategy that enables readers to make the words on a page real and concrete.”

Keene and Zimmerman

slide18

Strategy 6:

Decide What’s

Important

“Thoughtful readers grasp essential ideas and important information when reading. Readers must differentiate between less important ideas and key ideas that are central to the meaning of the text.”

Harvey and Goudvis

slide19

Strategy 7: Make

Inferences Then

Draw Conclusions

“Inferring is at the intersection of taking what is known, garnering clues from the text, and thinking ahead to make a judgment, discern a theme, or speculate about what is to come.”

Harvey and Goudvis

slide20

Strategy 8:

Summarize and

Synthesize

The Evolution of Thought

Synthesizing is putting together separate parts into a new whole….a process akin to working a jigsaw puzzle.

Harvey and Goudvis

slide21

Strategy 9: Check

Your Understanding

“If confusion disrupts meaning, readers need to stop and clarify their understanding. Readers may use a variety of strategies to “fix up” comprehension when meaning goes awry.”

Harvey and Goudvis

slide22

Strategy 10:

Build Fluency

“Fluency is important because it frees students to understand what they read.”

Report of the National Reading Panel

slide23

Reading

Strategies

CAUTION!

“Although these strategies tend to be introduced independently, readers rarely use these in isolation when reading. These thoughts interact and intersect to help readers make meaning and often occur simultaneously during reading.”

Harvey and Goudvis

slide24

Check Understanding

Build Fluency

Sense It

Ask Questions

Reading is Thinking

Connect To Text

Making Inferences/ Draw Conclusions

Decide What’sImportant

Expand Vocabulary

Summarize/ Synthesize

Predict and Prove