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IAQG 9th General Assembly Forum Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 29th April 2005. Developments in Military Aviation the adoption and adaptation of best regulatory practices on airworthiness, safety and quality….

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IAQG 9th General Assembly Forum Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 29th April 2005

Developments in Military Aviationthe adoption and adaptation of best regulatory practices on airworthiness, safety and quality….

LtCol J.C.W. Mac Gillavry, MSAEMilitary Aviation Authority - The Netherlandsjcw.macgillavry@mindef.nl

agenda
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Military Aviation Requirements
  • International Developments
  • Acceptability of AS/EN 9100 series
  • Conclusions and Vision
slide4

Introduction

Quality problemswithin NLD military aviation:

Disputable ‘airworthiness’Cabin safety underexposed Dwindling knowledge

‘Independence’ of the Authority

Oversight of the Authority

Expertise of the Authority

Accidents are speeding up reforms:

‘Recognition’ of societal responsibilities

Airworthy aircraft  Safe aviationMission first, safety alwaysAdequate risk assessment

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EU Directive 1592/2002Regulation on establishing common rules in the field of civil aviation and creating a European Aviation Safety Agency

Article 1. Scope

1. This Regulation shall apply to:

(a) the design, production, maintenance and operation of aeronautical products, parts and appliances, as well as personnel and organisations involved in the design, production and maintenance of such products, parts and appliances;

(b) personnel and organisations involved in the operation of aircraft.

2. This Regulation shall not apply when products, parts, appliances, personnel and organisations referred to in paragraph 1 are engaged in military, customs, police, or similar services.

The Member States shall ensure that such services have due regard as far as practicable to the objectives of this Regulation.

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EU Directive 1592/2002Regulation on establishing common rules in the field of civil aviation and creating a European Aviation Safety Agency

Article 2. Objectives

1. The principal objective of this Regulation is to establish and maintain a high uniform level of aviation safety in Europe.

2. Additional objectives are, in the fields covered by this Regulation, as follows:

(a) to ensure a high uniform level of environmental protection;

(b) to facilitate the free movement of goods, persons and services;

(c) to promote cost-efficiency in the regulatory and certification processes and to avoid duplication at national and European level;

(d) to assist Member States in fulfilling their obligations under the Chicago Convention, by providing a basis for a common interpretation and uniform implementation of its provisions, and by ensuring that its provisions are duly taken into account in this Regulation and in the rules drawn up for its implementation;

(e) to promote Community views regarding civil aviation safety standards and rules throughout the world by establishing appropriate cooperation with third countries and international organisations.

3. The means of achieving the objectives set out in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be:

(a) the preparation, adoption and uniform application of all necessary acts;

(b) the recognition, without additional requirements, of certificates, licences, approvals or other documents granted to products, personnel and organisations in accordance with this Regulation and its implementing rules;

(c) the establishment of an independent European Aviation Safety Agency;

(d) the uniform implementation of all necessary acts by the national aviation authorities and the Agency within their respective areas of responsibility.

strategic choices

ICAO / EASA philosophy

Military Aviation Authority

Strategic Choices
  • 1. To adopt and adapt civil aviation industry´s ‘best regulatory practices’
  • 2. To establish a separate and joint aviation authority for the military
military aviation authority
Military Aviation Authority
  • 1. Focus on the military (based on minimum military aviation requirements).
  • 2. ‘Independent’.
  • 3. Relations with other military and civil aviation authorities.
  • Netherlands policy:
  • No additional requirements on industry.
  • No approval scheme’s.
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ADs

ADs & ODs

Military Type Certificate

ODs

aircraft maintenance licence

Keeper

DRs

crew licences

Weapon System Manager

LE-21

SBs

SBs ADs ODs

Airworthiness & Technical requirements

LE-OPSOperator

+

O&ARs

Certificate of Airworthiness

DRs

LE-66

JARs-STD

Subpart M

DRs

DRs

LE-147Trainer technicians

LE-145Maintainer

LE-FCL'sTrainer flight crew

Military Aviation Authority

Type Design

FTOA

SMOE

TRTOE

FTOE

TRTOA

‘MTOA’

MME

‘MOA’

‘AOC’

MTOE

MOE

SMOA

OM

Statement of Conformity

Release to Service

Certificate of Registration

Type Investigation

Registration

PhilosophyMilitaryAviationRequirements

Certification

Maintenance

Operation

Licensing

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PhilosophyMilitaryAviationRequirementsbased on EASA principles

Certification

Maintenance

Operation

Licensing

international
International

1. This approach was presented at the European Air Chiefs Conference (EURAC) [Finland, Rovaniemi, 2002]

Mission first...

2. The approach was discussed at the 1st International Military Aviation Authority Conference (IMAAC) [The Netherlands, The Hague, 2004]

Safety always...

the recognised need
The recognised need

1. Standardisation requirements: e.g. airworthiness - (aircraft) type certification -, training (military licences), release to service

2. Safety requirements: e.g. occurrence reporting, continued airworthiness, passenger safety, operations

what is required
What is required?

The basis for ‘quality’ in the military is incorporated in contracts.

Quality clauses should be:

  • explicit
  • clear & unambiguous
  • non-generic (tier-related)
contracts

‘Make it happen…’

‘Be cheap…’

‘Be quick…’

Contracts

Industry does not compete on safety, but ‘quality’ can be negotiated...

consequences of military aviation requirements
Consequences of Military Aviation Requirements

1. The Military will seek compliance to their military aviation requirements;

2. Contracts with all tiers of the aerospace supply chain will reflect these minimum requirements;

3. Robust quality standards relevant to (military) aviation will be required...

acceptability
Acceptability

AS/EN 9100 alone is not sufficient:

AS/EN 9100 could be sufficient:

the military has to comply to other standards as well e.g. AQAP (NATO)

as a relevant and robust aviation quality standard….

….helping the military to comply to Military Aviation Requirements.

conclusions
Conclusions

1. Further development of Military Aviation Requirements based on EASA rules and principles is inevitable.

2. Military Aviation Authorities will become more visible.

3. Joint Military Aviation Authorities will emerge (now project related - in future more permanent).

vision
Vision
  • A common policy on (military) aviation quality standards is in the interest of both the industry and the military:
    • IAQG offers opportunities for advanced thinking;
    • IMAAC may be the forum for reflection with the military aviation.
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IAQG be aware:

Military Aviation Authorities are watching you!