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Urban Politics Urban Crisis 2 Overview Suburban Growth and Malling of America Rise of “Big Box” Retailers Impact of Suburbs on Urban Politics Suburban Growth Greatest beneficiaries of federal highway programs and real estate were developers of shopping malls Suburban Growth

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urban politics

Urban Politics

Urban Crisis 2

overview
Overview
  • Suburban Growth and Malling of America
  • Rise of “Big Box” Retailers
  • Impact of Suburbs on Urban Politics
suburban growth
Suburban Growth
  • Greatest beneficiaries of federal highway programs and real estate were developers of shopping malls
suburban growth4
Suburban Growth
  • Between mid 1950s and late 1970s: 22,000 suburban shopping centers built
  • By late 1990s: 43,000
suburban growth5
Suburban Growth
  • That includes thousands of strip malls
    • one main anchor with smaller stores, facing parking
suburban growth6
Suburban Growth
  • Regional malls
    • 30 acres
    • usually enclosed
    • at least one anchor store with 100,000 feet leasable space
suburban growth7
Suburban Growth
  • Superregional malls
    • total 1,400,000 square feet of leasable space
    • e.g., Mall of American (Bloomington, Minnesota)

4 anchor stores, 520 stores, 51 restaurants, 8 nightclubs, 14 movie screens, and a theme park

suburban growth8
Suburban Growth
  • Mall of America:
    • 4.2 million square feet
    • 2.5 million square feet of leasable space
    • 600,000 to 900,000 visitors weekly
    • 42.5 million visitors per year*

*tops Disney World, Graceland, and Grand Canyon as most popular tourist destination in U.S.

rise of big box retailers
Rise of “Big Box” Retailers
  • Development of “edge nodes”
    • Growth areas of commercial development usually outside of downtown urban areas near interstate highway exchanges
    • Usually lack the public space, transit, pedestrian amenities, and overall density of a traditional downtown.
rise of big box retailers10
Rise of “Big Box” Retailers
  • With development of edge nodes emphasis is on automobile rather than pedestrian
  • Rapid depreciation of land, rapid turnover of tenants
  • Build cheap buildings with big signs
rise of big box retailers11
Rise of “Big Box” Retailers
  • Rise of Walmart
  • Challenge to Malls and keys to “success”
    • have everything
    • have it cheaper
rise of big box retailers12
Rise of “Big Box’ Retailers
  • Expansion of “Category Killer” stores:
    • specialized “Big Box” stores
      • Toys ‘R Us (toys),
      • Staples (office supplies)
      • Home Depot (home supplies)
    • aim to dominate a specific market niche
rise of big box retailers13
Rise of “Big Box” Retailers
  • Warehouse style buildings with little connection or interaction with neighborhood or town in which located
  • Look the same everywhere
  • Rapid depreciation and abandonment
  • Short life, long term problem